SERVICE INDUSTRY SURVEYS
Australian National Accounts (ANA) data are useful for making broad comparisons across industries to enable a picture to be drawn of the economic importance of the cultural sector. However, the ANA does not have detailed information on the operations of each of the cultural industries. Such information is available from a series of ABS Service Industry Surveys (SIS) run over various years (1999-2000, 2002-03, 2003-04 and 2006-07).
The recent 2003-04 and 2006-07 SIS included employing and non-employing businesses. The earlier SIS included only employing businesses (unlike data for the ANA) and therefore do not reflect the activities of the whole industry. However, even though there are numerous businesses in Australia without employees, their overall contribution to economic activity is relatively small.
According to the 2006-07 Service Industry Surveys, cultural industries with incomes exceeding $1,000.0m included Television services (with an operating income of $6,812.6m) and Film and video production and post-production services ($2,028.1m).
6.3 SELECTED CULTURAL INDUSTRIES(a), Income and value added
|Performing arts operation |
|Performing arts venue operation |
|Film and video productions and post production services |
|Television services(b) |
|Libraries and archives |
|Performing arts festivals |
|Film and video distribution |
|Motion picture exhibition |
|Video hire industry |
|Botanic gardens |
|Commercial art galleries |
|Other services to the arts |
|na not available |
|(a) Excludes some of the cultural industries such as publishing and recorded media and the creative arts. |
|(b) Consists of commercial free-to-air and subscription broadcasters and excludes public and community TV broadcasters. |
|Source: ABS, Museums, Australia, 2003-04 (cat. no. 8560.0); ABS, Public Libraries, Australia, 2003-04 (cat. no. 8561.0); ABS, Video Hire Industry, Australia, 1999-2000 (cat. no. 8562.0); ABS, Botanic Gardens, Australia, 1999-2000 (cat. no. 8563.0); ABS, Film and Video Production and Distribution, Australia, 1999-2000 (cat. no. 8679.0); ABS, Commercial Art Galleries, Australia, 1999-2000 (cat. no. 8651.0); ABS, Motion Picture Exhibition, Australia, 1999-2000 (cat. no. 8654.0); ABS, Television, Film and Video Production and Post-Production Services, Australia, 2006-07 (cat. no. 8679.0); ABS, Performing Arts, Australia, 2002-03, 2006-07 (cat. no. 8697.0). |
When making comparisons between the different sources of data it is important to take into consideration differences in the scope and methodology of the surveys. Each data source provides information on different aspects of cultural production and what information is required will determine what data source to use.
Data from the Australian National Accounts should be used if making broad comparisons across industries or when trying to value the cultural sector as a whole to the economy. On the other hand, SIS data are more appropriate for examining a particular industry in detail.