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AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY
Growth in the ACT
Much of the ACT's growth in the 12 months to 2013 occurred in the newer suburbs in the north. The largest population increases were in Bonner (up by 1,200 people), Casey (830), Harrison (700) and Crace (680), all within the northern SA3 of Gungahlin.
The new suburbs of Wright and Coombs in the ACT - South West SA2 started to show growth, increasing by 160 people.
Of the established SA2s, the highest growth rates were recorded in Belconnen and Civic (both up by 12%), and Macgregor and Braddon (both 8%). Most of this growth was due to an increase in high- and medium-density dwellings in and around the Belconnen and Civic business centres, as well as suburban land development in west Macgregor.
Growth in the surrounding region
Many people commute to Canberra daily from areas of New South Wales immediately surrounding the ACT. Population growth in these surrounding areas continued in 2012-13. The Queanbeyan SA3, to Canberra's east, grew by 540 people. North of the ACT, Goulburn - Yass increased by 850 people.
Population decline in the ACT
Relatively small population decreases occurred in over 40% of all SA2s in the ACT in 2012-13, many of which were in the SA3s of Tuggeranong and Belconnen. The largest declines were in the long-established suburbs of Kambah (down by 160 people) in the south, and Ainslie (down by 120) and Latham (down by 80) in the north.
At June 2013, the overall population density of the ACT was 162 people per square kilometre (sq km), up slightly from 159 people per sq km in June 2012. However, population density varied widely across the Territory. The SA3s of Weston Creek, North Canberra, Belconnen and Woden each had population densities of over 1,200 people per sq km, while Cotter - Namadgi (which covers more than two-thirds of the geographical area of the ACT) had a population density of 0.4 people per sq km.
The SA2s with the highest population densities were Braddon (3,900 people per sq km) in Canberra's inner-north, Palmerston (3,000) in the Gungahlin SA3, and Turner (2,500) also in the inner-north.
The largest increases in population density in 2012-13 occurred in the new, northern suburbs of Bonner (up by 420 people per sq km), Crace (410), Casey (320) and Forde (300). Almost 50% of all SA2s in the ACT recorded a decrease in population density in this period. The largest decreases were in Higgins (down by 36 people per sq km) and Ainslie (down by 34) in the north, and Banks (down by 32) in the south.
CENTRE OF POPULATION
The centre of population in the ACT at June 2013 was located near the Royal Canberra Golf Course, in the suburb of Yarralumla. In the ten years to 2013, the centre of population moved 1.5 kilometres north. This reflects population growth in the northern suburbs of Canberra, especially within the Gungahlin SA3.
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