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POPULATION AND PEOPLE
According to the Information Paper: An Introduction to Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA), 2006 (cat. no. 2039.0), the concept of relative socio-economic disadvantage is neither simple, nor well defined. SEIFA uses a broad definition of relative socio-economic disadvantage in terms of people's access to material and social resources, and their ability to participate in society. While SEIFA represents an average of all people living in an area, SEIFA does not represent the individual situation of each person. Larger areas are more likely to have greater diversity of people and households.
Available Geographical Areas
Separate downloadable spreadsheets are currently available for geographical areas including Census Collection District, Statistical Local Area (SLA), Local Government Area and Postal Area. In 2006, SEIFA indexes have not been created for larger geographical areas, such as State, Statistical Division and Statistical Sub-Division. Instead, an interactive spreadsheet is available that shows the distribution of SEIFA scores within these areas. This spreadsheet shows the distribution of people who are usual residents on Census night. For each larger area, the spreadsheet includes both tabular and graphical information for each of the four indexes.
Areas of most advantage and disadvantage
In the following tables, the Index of Relative Socio-economic Advantage and Disadvantage was used to rank the ten most disadvantaged and the ten most advantaged SLAs in Australia. In 2006, the most disadvantaged SLA was Jilkminggan, in the Northern Territory and the most advantaged was Barton in the Australian Capital Territory.
For further information and to view the indexes, refer to the ABS SEIFA: Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas page, Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) - Data Only, 2006
(cat. no. 2033.0.55.001), Information Paper: An Introduction to Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA), 2006 (cat. no. 2039.0), and Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) - Technical Paper, 2006 (cat. no. 2039.0.55.001).
EXPLORE YOUR CITY THROUGH THE 2006 CENSUS SOCIAL ATLAS SERIES
The 2006 Census of Population and Housing provides a 'snapshot' of Australia which, in addition to counting the population, collects information on the social, economic and housing characteristics of Australian society.
The Social Atlas series (cat. no. 2030.1 to 8) provides colour thematic maps of Census data, as well as commentary describing the 2006 Census results. Atlases are available for each capital city, and for the first time, selected regional centres. The maps are easy to interpret as the distribution of the data are represented by different colours and shading.
Social Atlas information
The 2006 Census Social Atlas Series presents information on a wide variety of Census characteristics. Each Atlas contains information on: Population, Cultural Diversity, Education, Labour Force, Income, Families and Households, and Dwellings.
Geographic areas covered
The 2006 Social Atlas series is available for the following cities and regional areas:
To start your search refer to the 2006 Census: Social Atlas Series page.
INDIGENOUS GEOGRAPHY MAPS AND CENSUS PROFILES
You can now quickly and easily access in the one product, Indigenous geography maps together with some of the 2006 Census information available about the areas being mapped. Published every five years, the Australian Indigenous Geographical Classification Maps and Census Profiles, 2006 (cat. no. 4706.0.30.001) were released on 26 May 2008.
The maps provide a visual representation of the geographic levels in the Australian Indigenous Geographical Classification (AIGC), which comprise Indigenous Regions, Indigenous Areas, and Indigenous Locations. Maps are provided in Adobe Acrobat format, for each Indigenous Region and where necessary multiple maps are included to provide more detail.
The Indigenous Profiles from the 2006 Census, show key characteristics of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians for each Indigenous Region and Indigenous Area.
Australian Indigenous Geographical Classification
The Australian Indigenous Geographical Classification (AIGC) provides a geographic standard for the publication of statistics about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. The Classification and its structure are incorporated into this product as well as a number of geographic concordance tables.
Australian Indigenous Geographical Classification Maps and Census Profiles are available in CD-ROM format. For further information or to order this product contact the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070.
WORKING POPULATION PROFILE
If you are interested in information on the characteristics of people who are employed in your area or to compare those in different geographic areas, the Census of Population and Housing: Working Population Profile, 2006 provides this information. The Working Population Profile (WPP), released on the ABS website on 29 February 2008, is the sixth and final release in the Community Profile Series.
The data can easily be accessed by selecting a location such as a place name, street address, postcode, suburb, type of location or state or territory. An interactive map is also provided that enables you to drill down from the Australia level to your area of interest.
The Working Population Profile is available for most areas and comprises 22 tables containing key Census characteristics of employed persons. The range of available data includes:
To access the tables refer to the Community Profiles Series
The ABS has developed Mesh Blocks as a new micro-level geographical unit for statistics. They have been designed to be small enough to aggregate accurately to a wide range of spatial units and thus enable a ready comparison of statistics between geographical areas, and large enough to protect against accidental disclosure. There are 314,369 spatial Mesh Blocks covering Australia with most residential Mesh Blocks containing approximately 30 to 60 dwellings.
Experimental Mesh Blocks from the 2006 Census of Population and Housing are now available from the Mesh Blocks Digital Boundaries, Australia, 2006 (cat. 1209.0.55.002). They contain basic 2006 Census data (total usual resident population and dwelling count) for each Mesh Block.
This 2006 release of Mesh Blocks is experimental and boundaries will be reviewed and revised in preparation for the 2011 Census of Population and Housing. The existing Australian Standard Geographical Classification (ASGC) is currently under review with the primary aim to simplify and stabilise the classification. The proposed new Australian Statistical Geography will be built up from Mesh Blocks and be composed of a hierarchy of geographical units that will fulfil all the functionality of the present ASGC. For example, it is anticipated that the Census Collection District will be replaced by a similar sized unit expected to be called a Statistical Area Level 1 (SA1). Details of the review and a proposal to replace the ASGC can be found in the Information Paper Review of the Australian Standard Geographical Classification (cat. no. 1216.0.55.001).
Information regarding the underlying concepts of Mesh Blocks may be found in the ABS publication Information Paper: Mesh Blocks, 2003 (cat. no. 1209.0) and Information Paper: Draft Mesh Blocks, Australia (Reissue), 2005 (cat. no. 1209.0.55.001).
REGIONAL POPULATION GROWTH
The latest regional estimated resident population data were released on 31 March 2008, enabling users to find the latest estimated resident population for their area. Estimates are provided for Local Government Areas (LGAs), Statistical Local Areas (SLAs), Statistical Divisions (SDs), Statistical Subdivisions (SSDs), Statistical Districts and states and territories of Australia, as at 30 June each year, from 2001 to 2007.
The Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2006-07 (cat. no. 3218.0) release comprises web information pages and accompanying data cubes. The web pages include summaries on:
The majority of the text in this product focuses on changes at the LGA level. Selected SLAs are referred to in some of the text and tables, particularly where Local Government Areas cover multiple SLAs, such as Brisbane (C) and Darwin (C), and in unincorporated areas within the Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory.
The total population of the Other Territories, namely Jervis Bay Territory, Territory of Christmas Island, Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Off-Shore Areas and Migratory, is included in all references to the total population of Australia. However, the Other Territories are excluded from commentary about the states and territories of Australia.
Changes to regional populations since 2006
The following map depicts the SLA population change from 2006 to 2007 for Australia. Red coloured SLAs indicate population growth greater than 200 people whilst yellow coloured SLAs indicate a decline in population. In 2006-07, the areas with the largest or fastest population growth in each state and territory tended to be outer suburbs, inner areas of capital cities and some coastal areas. Australia's estimated resident population (ERP) passed the 21 million mark in 2006-07, with an increase of 315,700 people since June 2006. This represents an annual growth rate of 1.5%, which was higher than the average annual growth rate of 1.4% since June 2002.
The Information Paper: Population Concepts, 2008 (cat. no. 3107.0.55.006) released on 12 March 2008, identifies and considers the concept on which populations are measured. While population can be simply defined as e.g. 'the total number of persons inhabiting a country, town or any district or area' (Macquarie Dictionary, 2005) the concepts associated with its measurement are increasingly complex. Population estimates are important as they are one of the major outputs of any National Statistical Office and are key statistics for a wide range of planning and policy decisions.
In the Australian context the key population measure is the estimated resident population (ERP) which is based on the concept of usual residence. However there are a range of other population concepts that are relevant to different analytical situations. These can include the population in a particular area at a particular time, or, while not entirely consistent with the above definition, it can extend to the concept of the population serviced by a particular area.
Objectives of this paper
The objectives of this paper are to discuss the range of population concepts, highlight their differences and identify some of the measurement issues associated with the different concepts. The following population concepts have been identified and considered:
Contribute to the discussion
The ABS is interested in discussing with stakeholders the need for these types of estimates, their application in policy and program formulation, monitoring and decision making and related matters, to help formulate future directions in this statistical field. The ABS would welcome any comments on the matters discussed in this information paper. For further information on how to submit comments and to view the paper refer to the Information Paper: Population Concepts, 2008 (cat. no. 3107.0.55.006).
PERSPECTIVES ON REGIONAL AUSTRALIA: POPULATION TURNOVER, 2006
A new publication, Perspectives on Regional Australia: Population Turnover, 2006 (cat. no. 1380.0.55.005) will present data on the extent of population turnover between August 2001 and August 2006 in selected Statistical Local Areas across Australia. Utilising the 2006 Census of Population and Housing data, the publication is due for release on 30 September 2008.
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