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NEW SOUTH WALES
Parramatta (C) - Inner: Characteristics of the area and usual residents
Parramatta (C) - Inner had the fourth highest population turnover (91.7%) of all SLAs in NSW. Parramatta (C) - Inner is situated in the western region of the NSW capital city, Sydney and is approximately 24 kilometres from Sydney's city centre. There are a number of Universities in or near Parramatta (C) - Inner. These include the Westmead and Parramatta Campuses of the University of Western Sydney and the United Theological College in North Parramatta (Charles Sturt University).
Generally housing costs were significantly lower than the average for Sydney (C) - Inner.
The median rent in Parramatta (C) - Inner (at the 2006 Census) was $225 per week, compared with $450 for Sydney (C) - Inner, and median monthly housing loan repayments were $1,538 in Parramatta (C) - Inner and $2,167 in Sydney (C) - Inner.
The most common type of dwelling in the Parramatta (C) - Inner SLA was flats, units or apartments, comprising 71.3% of all occupied private dwellings and most (61.9%) of the occupied private dwellings were being rented by the occupants.
A map of medium or high density dwellings for Parramatta (C) - Inner which can be viewed at 2006 Census MapStats: Parramatta (C) - Inner (Statistical Local Area).
The residents of Parramatta (C) - Inner SLA were not strongly reliant on any one industry for employment. The industry division (using the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 2006) that recorded the largest proportion of working residents (at 11.8%) was Health care and social assistance. This was followed by the Retail trade and Manufacturing industry divisions (10.8% each). A range of other industry divisions recorded proportions only slightly smaller than the three noted above.
Close to 60% (58.8%) of people living in Parramatta (C) - Inner were born overseas, compared with 23.9% of people living in Australia. Of overseas born people living in Parramatta (C) - Inner, 5,145 (24.3%) were born in India and 3,361 (15.9%) were born in China (excludes Special Administrative Regions (SARs) and Taiwan Province). Comparable proportions for Australia were 3.3% and 4.7% respectively. Only 41.2% of usual residents in Parramatta (C) - Inner spoke only English at home, compared with 83.2% of people living in Australia.
People who arrived in, departed or did not move from Parramatta (C) - Inner
Following is a discussion of the characteristics of three populations relating to Parramatta (C) - Inner: arrivals to the SLA within the five years to the 2006 Census; departures from the SLA within the same time period; and those who did not move SLA.
At the 2006 Census, just over half (53.5%) of the usual residents of Parramatta (C) - Inner (excluding people aged 0-4 years and those who did not state where they lived five years ago) were new arrivals to the SLA (i.e. arrived within the last five years). The largest proportion of these arrivals were from other SLAs within NSW (49.2%). People from overseas and those from interstate made up 46.5% and 4.3% of arrivals respectively.
The majority (90.6%) of people who departed Parramatta (C) - Inner (excluding those who left the area to go overseas) went to SLAs within NSW.
The most common age group of arrivals was 15-29 (44.9% of arrivals), followed by those people aged 30-44 years (31.9%) (see Graph 2.1). Overseas arrivals had a particularly high proportion of people aged 15-29 (51.7% or 4,219 people).
For departures, the age group with the greatest proportion was 30-44 years, which made up 41.0% of departures (see Graph 2.2).
The age group with the largest proportion of people who had not moved SLA was 30-44 (27.4%).
A high proportion of both arrivals and departures were in the labour force (74.7% and 75.4% respectively), when compared with the proportion of people who had not moved SLA (59.5%).
The major group occupation category (using the Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO), 2006) that recorded the largest proportion of both employed arrivals and employed departures, was Professionals (29.1% and 30.0% respectively). This occupation also recorded the largest proportion of employed people who had not moved SLA (23%).
Almost 40% of employed interstate arrivals and 28.4% of employed overseas arrivals were employed as Professionals. These proportions may seem striking when compared with the proportion of Professionals employed in NSW (21.6%). However they are all congruent with the proportion of Professionals that were usually resident in Parramatta (C) - Inner at the 2006 Census (26.4%).
The occupation that recorded the second highest proportion of arrivals, departures and people who had not moved was Clerical and administrative workers (18.2%, 17.8% and 18.7% respectively).
In and around the Parramatta (C) - Inner SLA is a large health care precinct, a number of universities, and Australian and state government departments, which are likely to offer employment opportunities for Professionals and Clerical and administrative workers.
A high proportion of all arrivals aged 15 years and over had a Bachelor degree or higher (45.1% or 6,791 people). This high proportion was largely due to the high number of overseas arrivals aged 15 years and over with this level of qualification (4,121 people).
Similarly, the proportion of all arrivals attending University or other tertiary institutions (14.0%), was largely influenced by the high proportion of overseas arrivals who were studying. Of all arrivals attending University or other tertiary institutions, 69.4% were arrivals from overseas.
For both departures and those who had not moved SLA, lower proportions of people aged 15 years and over had a Bachelor degree or higher (35.1% and 23.1% respectively) or were attending University or tertiary institutions (5.7% and 4.6% respectively).
A high proportion of people arriving from other parts of NSW and interstate were born overseas (45.3% and 43.8% respectively). These in combination with the number of overseas arrivals resulted in almost 70% of all arrivals to Parramatta (C) - Inner recording an overseas place of birth. India was recorded as the place of birth for 23.3% of arrivals and China (excludes SARs and Taiwan Province) also featured prominently, being recorded as the place of birth for 10.9% of arrivals.
Please note: All data presented in this publication relate to person or dwelling characteristics at the time of the 2006 Census. As arrivals and departures may have moved at any time in the five years to the 2006 Census their characteristics could have been different at the time of their migration. The data presented also only captures a person's place of usual residence at the 2006 Census and five years prior to the Census (where they have answered that question). People could have moved residence numerous times between these time periods. Arrivals estimates exclude people who did not state where they lived five years ago, and those who were under the age of 5 at the time of the 2006 Census. In addition to those exclusions, estimates of departures also exclude overseas departures (as these people were not enumerated in the Census). To be consistent with the conceptual basis of the arrivals and departures estimates, the adjusted Census count used in calculating population turnover also excludes 0-4 year olds and people who did not state where they lived five years ago.
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