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FILM AND VIDEO
Film and video production activity is undertaken not only by film and video production businesses (as shown in table 12.16), but also by film and video distribution businesses and television broadcasting businesses. During 2002-03 businesses undertaking film and video production incurred $1,502.5m in production costs. Productions made specifically for television accounted for most of these costs ($1,140.7m or 75.9%). Production of commercials, station promotions and interstitials accounted for 14.6% ($219.3m) and productions other than for television accounted for 9.5% ($142.4m).
Of productions made specifically for television in 2002-03, the highest total production costs were incurred by news and current affairs programmes ($351.0m) and sport programmes ($305.1m). However, these types of programmes were among the cheapest to produce on a cost per hour basis. The average production costs per hour were $19,700 for news and current affairs, and $13,000 for sport. These figures contrast starkly with the corresponding figures for drama ($246,600) and situation and sketch comedy ($222,700). Details of the proportion of first release commercial broadcast hours allocated to each type of programme are provided in Radio and television broadcasting.
Businesses undertaking film and video production completed, or were working on, 5,774 productions other than for television in 2002-03, of which 5,057 were corporate, marketing or training productions and 66 were feature films. For feature films, the average cost of production was $1.1m.
The Australian Government provides assistance and encouragement, for the production of high-cost feature films, television dramas and documentaries, through measures such as the investment program of the Film Finance Corporation Australia, the development program of the AFC and the Australian content regulations of the Australian Communications and Media Authority.
Table 12.18 shows the number and value of Australian, co-produced and foreign titles shot in Australia from 2001-02 to 2004-05. The total production value of these titles in 2004-05 was $811m, of which $536m was spent in Australia - close to the 10-year average of $537m. Foreign production accounted for $248m (or 46%) of the amount spent in Australia in 2004-05, well above the 10-year average of $170m. Australian production accounted for a further $248m (46%), but this was well below the 10-year average of $307m. The amount spent in Australia on co-productions in 2004-05 was $40m (8% of the total), which was below the 10-year average of $60m.
Table 12.19 shows the number and value of TV drama productions (Australian and foreign titles) shot in Australia from 2000-01 to 2004-05. From a high of $495m in 2000-01, the value of TV drama productions has fallen each year to be $223m in 2004-05. The number of productions has declined from 62 to 34 over the same time period, mainly due to a reduction in the number of series and serials and the number of telemovies in 2000-01 being unusually high.
Additional information about film and video production, can be obtained from the AFC web site at <http://www.afc.gov.au/gtp>. Links to nearly 800 Australian film and television web sites are available on the AFC web site at <http://www.afc.gov.au/industrylinks>.
FILM AND VIDEO DISTRIBUTION
The film and video distribution industry comprises businesses mainly engaged in leasing or wholesaling motion pictures on film, video tape or DVD to organisations for exhibition or sale. Agents mainly engaged in leasing and wholesaling films and videos to organisations are also included.
At 30 June 2000 there were 58 businesses in the industry, which employed 1,426 people. In 1999-2000 these businesses generated $1,141.8m in total income and had an operating profit before tax of $103.6m. The main sources of income were the sale, rental or lease of prerecorded video tapes, disks, films and interactive software ($841.1m), and the provision of channels to pay television broadcasters ($169.2m).
MOTION PICTURE EXHIBITION
The motion picture exhibition industry comprises businesses mainly engaged in screening motion pictures on film, video tape or DVD. It also includes businesses mainly engaged in drive-in theatre operation, cinema operation and film or video festival operation.
The ABS conducted a survey on the motion picture exhibition industry in respect of 1999-2000. At the end of June 2000, there were 173 businesses in the industry employing 9,282 people. There were 326 cinema sites and 17 drive-in sites in Australia at this time. While the number of cinema sites remained virtually unchanged from June 1994, the number of drive-in sites reduced from 41 in June 1994 to 28 in June 1997 to 17 in June 2000.
From June 1994, the number of cinema screens more than doubled, from 754 in June 1994 to 1,513 screens in June 2000. Paid admissions to cinemas increased by almost a third, from 60 million paid admissions during 1993-94 to 79 million during 1999-2000.
The 2002 Survey of Attendance at Selected Cultural Venues and Events found 69.9% of the Australian population aged 18 years and over (10.1 million people) attended a cinema, drive-in or other public screening of a film at least once in the 12 months prior to interview in 2002 (table 12.20). Attendance at cinemas was significantly higher than in 1999, when the attendance rate was 65.6% (9.2 million people).