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BUSINESS STRUCTURE AND ARRANGEMENTS
Overall, the majority of businesses reported being wholly Australian owned (97%). The proportion of businesses that were wholly Australian owned decreased with each successive employment size range. One in five businesses with more than 200 or more persons employed reported greater than 50% foreign ownership.
Businesses in Mining were most likely to have any foreign ownership (30%). This was twice that of businesses in Wholesale trade (15%), the second highest level of foreign ownership.
Innovation-active businesses (5%) were more than twice as likely to have any foreign ownership than non innovation-active businesses (2%).
Businesses were asked whether they were involved in any franchising agreements during the year ended 30 June 2011. Businesses could be identified as a franchisee (i.e. operated a franchise), franchisor (i.e. controlled a franchise system) or both.
Just over 5% of businesses (or approximately 38,000 businesses) operated as a franchisee. Businesses with 20-199 persons employed reported the highest proportion of franchisee agreements (9%).
Businesses in Retail trade recorded the highest proportion of businesses with franchisee agreements (14%), followed by businesses in Accommodation and food services and Rental, hiring and real estate services (both 13%).
Businesses were asked to indicate if they were involved in collaborative arrangements with other businesses or organisations during the year ended 30 June 2011. Collaborative arrangements were defined as participation in joint projects with other businesses or organisations (including wider parts of the business enterprise group), irrespective of potential commercial benefit. These included informal collaborative arrangements but excluded straight fee-for-service and franchise arrangements.
Overall, 13% of businesses undertook some type of collaborative arrangement during the year ended 30 June 2011. The most commonly reported type of collaborative arrangement was joint marketing or distribution (6%). The proportion of businesses that reported collaborative arrangements increased with each successive employment size category. Businesses with 200 or more persons employed were more than three times as likely to report a collaborative arrangement than businesses with 0-4 persons employed.
The Information, media and telecommunications industry recorded the highest proportion of businesses engaged in some type of collaborative arrangement (25%), followed by Mining (24%). The Information, media and telecommunications industry recorded the highest level of businesses with joint production of goods and services (16%) followed by those in Mining (12%). Businesses in Mining had the highest proportion of joint research and development (14%), while businesses in Retail trade had the highest proportion of joint buying (12%), nearly double the next highest industry, Wholesale trade (7%).
Innovation-active businesses (22%) were more than three times as likely to be involved in a collaborative arrangement than non innovation-active businesses (7%).
Businesses were asked to identify if they offered a range of working arrangements to their employees during the year ended 30 June 2011. Businesses were asked to select all that applied from the list of working arrangements shown in the table below..
The most common type of working arrangement offered by businesses was flexible work hours (55%). This was over twice the proportion of the next most common working arrangement, flexible use of personal sick, unpaid or compassionate leave (26%) and selection of own roster or shifts (22%). Only 5% of businesses offered paid parental leave. The proportion of businesses offering job sharing to employees ranged from 7% of businesses with 0-4 persons employed, to 40% of businesses with 200 or more persons employed.
Businesses in Health care and social assistance were the most likely to offer flexible work hours (73%), selection of own roster or shifts (46%) and job sharing (28%). Construction had the lowest proportion of businesses offering paid parental leave (2%), selection of own roster or shifts (10%) and job sharing (3%).
Over two thirds of innovation-active businesses (68%) offered flexible work hours, compared with less than half of non innovation-active businesses (46%).
Businesses were asked what methods were used to protect their intellectual property during the year ended 30 June 2011.
Overall, four in five businesses did not use any type of intellectual property protection method.
The most common methods of intellectual property protection were secrecy (12%) and copyright (9%), whereas all remaining methods were reported by less than 4% of all businesses.
Across each of the specified intellectual property protection methods, the proportion of businesses that reported their use increased with each successive employment size range. Secrecy was the most commonly reported intellectual property protection method for each of the employment size ranges.
Patents (9%) and registration of design (8%) were most frequently used in the Wholesale trade industry to protect intellectual property. Copyright was most commonly used in Information media and telecommunications (26%), secrecy (28%) was highest in the Financial and insurance services industry and complexity of product design was most frequently reported by businesses in Manufacturing (8%).
Innovation-active businesses (34%) were almost three times as likely to use any intellectual property protection methods than non innovation-active businesses (12%).
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