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BUSINESS STRUCTURE AND ARRANGEMENTS
Overall, the majority of businesses were wholly Australian owned (98%); ranging from 98% for businesses with 0-4 persons employed, to 73% for businesses with 200 or more persons employed.
Businesses in Mining were most likely to have any foreign ownership (27%). This was more than triple that of businesses in Wholesale trade (8%), the second highest level of foreign ownership.
Businesses were asked whether they were involved in any franchising agreement during the year ended 30 June 2010. Businesses could be identified as a franchisee (i.e. operated a franchise), franchisor (i.e. controlled a franchise system) or both.
Almost 5% of businesses were involved in a franchisee agreement. Businesses with 20-199 persons employed had the highest proportion of franchisee agreements (10%).
Businesses in Rental, hiring and real estate services had the highest proportion of franchisee agreements (17%), followed by businesses in Accommodation and food services and Retail trade (both 11%).
Businesses were asked to indicate if they were involved in collaborative arrangements with other businesses or organisations during the year ended 30 June 2010. Collaborative arrangements were defined as participation in joint projects with other businesses or organisations (including wider parts of the business's enterprise group), irrespective of potential commercial benefit. This included informal collaborative arrangements but excluded straight fee-for-service and franchise arrangements.
Almost 14% of businesses undertook some type of collaboration during the year ended 30 June 2010. The most common type of collaboration was joint marketing or distribution (7%). Businesses with 200 or more persons employed were more than three times as likely to have a collaborative arrangement than businesses with 0-4 persons employed.
Mining had the highest proportion of businesses engaged in some type of collaboration (26%), and Construction the lowest (5%). Businesses in Retail had the highest proportion of joint buying (14%), while businesses in Information media and telecommunications had the highest proportion of joint production (12%).
Innovation-active businesses (22%), were more than three times as likely to be involved in some form of collaborative arrangement than non innovation-active businesses (7%).
Businesses were asked to identify if they offered a range of working arrangements to their employees, during the year ended 30 June 2010. Businesses were asked to select from a list of working arrangements shown in the table.
The most common type of working arrangement offered by businesses was flexible working hours (55%). This was twice the proportion of the next most common working arrangement, flexible use of personal sick, unpaid or compassionate leave (27%). The proportion of businesses offering paid parental leave to employees ranged from 2% of businesses with 0-4 persons employed, to 42% of businesses with 200 or more persons employed.
The proportion of businesses offering the ability for employees to work from home was highest in Professional, scientific and technical services and Information media and telecommunications (both 49%), with the lowest in Accommodation and food services (6%). Health care and social assistance had the largest proportion of businesses offering selection of own roster or shifts (38%) and job sharing (24%).
Businesses were asked what methods were used to protect their business' intellectual property during the year ended 30 June 2010.
Overall, 79% of businesses did not use any type of intellectual property protection method. The most common types of intellectual property protection were secrecy (12%) and copyright or trademark (9%), whereas all remaining methods were 4% or less.
Businesses with 200 or more persons employed were almost four times more likely (63%) to use some form of intellectual property than businesses with 0-4 persons employed (16%).
Copyright or trademark as a method used to protect intellectual property was highest for businesses in Information media and telecommunications (31%). Secrecy was most common in Professional, scientific and technical services (30%). Complexity of product design (10%) and registration of design (7%) were most likely to be used by businesses in Manufacturing.
Innovation-active businesses were more than three times as likely to use any intellectual property protection methods than non innovation-active businesses.
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