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BUSINESS STRUCTURE AND ARRANGEMENTS
Overall, the majority of businesses reported being wholly Australian owned, at 98%. Proportions decreased with each successive employment size range; from 98% for businesses with 0-4 persons employed to 68% for businesses with 200 or more persons employed.
Businesses in the Mining industry were almost three times more likely to report some degree of foreign ownership than for any other industry, at 29%. By contrast, 11 of the 16 industries recorded foreign ownership at 2% or less.
Businesses were asked whether they were involved in any franchising agreement during the year ended 30 June 2009. Businesses could be identified as a franchisee (i.e. operated a franchise), franchisor (i.e. controlled a franchise system) or both.
Almost 5% of all businesses reported being involved in a franchisee agreement. The highest proportion of businesses that reported being a franchisee was in the 5-19 and 20-199 employment size ranges, both 8%. Businesses with 200 or more employees were most likely to have reported being a franchisor at 5%.
Businesses in Rental, hiring and real estate services, at 18%, were almost twice as likely to have reported being a franchisee than those in any other industry. The Retail trade industry had the second highest proportion (10%), followed by Accommodation and food services, and Transport, postal and warehousing (both 9%).
Businesses were asked to indicate if they were involved in collaborative arrangements with other businesses or organisations during the year ended 30 June 2009. Collaborative arrangements were defined as participation in joint projects with other businesses or organisations (including wider parts of the business's enterprise group), irrespective of potential commercial benefit. This included informal collaborative arrangements but excluded straight fee-for-service and franchise arrangements.
Almost 14% of all businesses reported undertaking some type of collaboration during the year ended 30 June 2009. The most frequently reported type of collaboration was joint marketing or distribution, at 7%. Businesses that employed 200 or more persons were more than three times as likely to have undertaken collaboration than businesses with 0-4 persons employed.
At industry level, businesses in Wholesale trade and Information media and telecommunications were most likely to be involved in joint marketing or distribution arrangements, both 13%. Businesses in Information media and telecommunications and Mining (both 22%) were the most likely to be involved in some type of collaborative arrangement. By contrast, only two industries reported rates of less than 10% for involvement in collaborative arrangements i.e. Other services (8%) and Construction (7%).
Innovation-active businesses, at 22%, were almost three times as likely to be involved in some form of collaborative arrangement than non innovation-active businesses (8%).
Businesses were asked to identify if they offered specific working arrangements, during the year ended 30 June 2009. The list was limited to those shown in the table and businesses were not required to report any other working arrangements.
Overall, the most frequently reported type of working arrangement offered to employees by businesses was flexible work hours, at 54%. This was more than twice the proportion of the next most commonly reported working arrangement, flexible use of personal sick, unpaid or compassionate leave (25%). The proportion of businesses offering paid parental leave to employees ranged from 2% of businesses that employed 0-4 persons, to 47% of businesses with 200 or more persons employed.
At industry level, the proportion of businesses reporting the ability for staff to work from home was highest in the Professional, scientific and technical services industry (49%), whereas the lowest was in the Accommodation and food services industry (7%). Health care and social assistance had the largest proportion of businesses reporting job sharing arrangements (26%), followed by Accommodation and food services (20%).
Businesses were asked what methods were used to protect the business' intellectual property during the year ended 30 June 2009.
Overall, 22% of businesses reported they had some type of intellectual property protection method in place. The most commonly reported types of intellectual property protection used by businesses were secrecy (14%) and copyright (10%), whereas all remaining protection methods recorded 4% or less.
Businesses with 0-4 persons employed were least likely to use any of the protection methods, with the exception of complexity of product design, where the lowest proportion was among businesses with 5-19 persons employed.
At industry level, businesses reporting secrecy as an intellectual property protection method was most common in Financial and insurance services (29%), followed by Professional, scientific and technical services (24%). Patents (7%) and registration of design (6%) were most likely to be used by businesses in the Manufacturing industry.
Innovation-active businesses were more than three times as likely to use any intellectual property protection methods than non innovation-active businesses.
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