8111.0 - Research and Experimental Development, Higher Education Organisations, Australia, 2004 (Reissue)  
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 27/07/2006  Reissue
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1 Non-sampling errors may arise as a result of errors in the reporting or processing of data. These errors can be introduced through inadequacies in the collection instrument, treatment of non-response, inaccurate reporting by providers, errors in the application of survey procedures, incorrect recording of answers and errors in data capture and processing.

2 The extent to which non-sampling error affects the results is difficult to measure. Every effort is made to minimise non-sampling error by careful design and testing of the collection instrument, the use of efficient operating procedures and systems, and the use of appropriate methodologies.

Reliability of Statistics

3 When interpreting the statistics in this publication, the reliability of the estimates may be affected by the following specific non-sampling errors:

  • Many universities provided estimates due to a lack of separately recorded data on R&D activity.
  • Data were subjectively classified, by universities, to Research fields, Socio-economic objectives and Type of activity at the time of reporting. Some universities may have experienced difficulty in classifying their R&D projects. The ABS makes every effort to ensure correct and consistent interpretation and reporting of these data by applying consistent processing methodologies.
  • Estimation of overhead R&D expenditure varied across universities.