Cancer (C00-D48) was the underlying cause of 465 deaths (19.3%) of Indigenous people, of which 50.8% were male and 49.2% were female. In comparison, 30.0% of non-Indigenous deaths were attributed to cancers. The median age of deaths with an underlying cause of cancer was 62.7 years for Indigenous people, and 75.3 years for non-Indigenous people.
Trachea and lung cancers (C33-C34) accounted for 98 deaths or 4.1% of all deaths of Indigenous people. Comparatively, these types of cancer were the underlying cause of death for 5.6% of all deaths of non-Indigenous people in 2009. The sex ratio for Indigenous people who died from Trachea and lung cancers (C33-C34) in 2009 was 158 males per 100 females.