7127.0 - Agricultural Land and Water Ownership, Jun 2013 Quality Declaration 
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 19/06/2014   
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Agricultural business

Businesses are considered to be agricultural if their primary or secondary activity was coded as agriculture based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industry Classification (ANZSIC). Agricultural activity includes the growing and cultivation of horticultural and other crops (excluding forestry), and the controlled breeding, raising or farming of animals (excluding aquaculture).

Agricultural land

Land owned or leased for agricultural purposes.

Australian Business Number (ABN)

When an organisation applies for, and receives, an Australian Business Number (ABN) the business details from their application become part of the Australian Business Registry. The Australian Business Registry is the central collection, storage and verification system for basic business identity information for all entities with an ABN.

Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC)

A standard classification developed for use in Australia and New Zealand for the production and analysis of industry statistics. The standard is also aligned with international standards in industry classification. Industry value estimates, industry financial estimates and trade export estimates are all presented in terms of ANZSIC. ANZSIC Subdivision 01, Agriculture, includes classes such as fruit industries (classes 0131-0139), beef cattle farming (class 0142), and pigs (class 0192).

Estimated Value of Agricultural Operations (EVAO)

EVAO is an ABS-generated sizing variable based on a three-year rolling average of the estimated value of the agricultural operations of the business, which takes into account:

    • both the area of crop sown and the production resulting from the crop for all crops on the property regardless of the sale of the produce;
    • the price for the crops as determined through the ABS Value of Agricultural Commodities Produced (VACP) collection;
    • the number of head of livestock held on holding; and
    • the price of the livestock as determined through the VACP collection.

The calculation of EVAO is designed to even-out fluctuations in business value caused by variable climatic and economic conditions, and to enable the size of businesses to be compared across industry (ANZSIC) classes. As a scoping variable, it is used to assist in excluding small farming businesses (hobby farms) recorded on the ABS Business Register from scope, and to assist in the frame and sample design for ABS agricultural business surveys. EVAO does not reflect turnover, income or profit of the agricultural operation.

The EVAO size cut-off used for the 2013 ALWOS is the same as used in the previous ALWOS and in recent agricultural censuses and surveys, and allows for comparability between these surveys.

Foreign ownership

Foreign ownership is where an individual, enterprise or other organisation that does not usually reside in Australia owns all or part of the business, either directly or through an enterprise or organisation that does usually reside in Australia. An individual, enterprise or organisation usually resides in Australia if it was resident in Australia for six months or more during the previous twelve months. It excludes any bank or other overseas financial institution that holds a mortgage for the business.

Megalitre (ML)
One million litres.


For the purposes of this survey, a long term lease (of five or more consecutive years) of land is considered to be equivalent to ownership of that land.

Water entitlement

A perpetual or ongoing entitlement to exclusive access to a share of water from a specified source, as defined in the relevant water plan. This includes surface water entitlements and ground water entitlements and water purchased from commercial/private irrigation schemes, and excluding town/tap water provided by the shire or council and water accessed without an entitlement.