It was a mixed year for fruit, nuts and plantation crops in 2016-17, with cooler weather and higher rainfall helping some crops reach record production, while hampering production for others.
Citrus was impacted by extreme weather events throughout New South Wales including hail and heat waves. National orange production decreased by 17% in 2016-17, with falls in the three main producing states of New South Wales (down 6%), South Australia (down 25%) and Victoria (down 32%).
Pome fruit were also impacted by cooler conditions, with hail storms during blossoming affecting fruit production in a number of regions. Nationally, apple production increased 2% in 2016-17 to 314 million kilograms. This small increase was driven by a 10% increase in Victoria, the main producing state. Pear production was down 8% nationally with Victoria experiencing a 9% drop in production to 85 million kilograms.
Stone fruit such as cherries and apricots had poorer seasons, with the cooler weather affecting pollination. National cherry production fell 37% to 11.5 million kilograms in 2016-17 with falls reported across all the significant cherry growing states, namely, Victoria, Tasmania and New South Wales. Production in Victoria (down 49%) and Tasmania (down 28%) was down due to a cold, wet season which led to poor pollination of flowers and rotted fruit. Similar stories were reported in South Australia where hailstones also caused significant damage to some crops.
Plantation fruit had a good season, with record banana production as well as a recovery in production for pineapples. Banana production increased 17% in 2016-17 to 413,000 tonnes, driven by a 16% increase in Queensland while pineapple production increased 20% in 2016-17 to 86,000 tonnes, driven by an 18% increase in Queensland. Queensland accounts for 98% of the nation's banana production and 99% of its pineapple production.
Record crops for both almonds and macadamias were reported in 2016-17. Almond production increased 3% in 2016-17 due to a large increase in New South Wales, up 6.1 million kilograms in 2016-17. This was offset by a 27% fall in South Australia, down from 14 million kilograms in 2015-16 to 10 million kilograms in 2016-17. Macadamia production increased 19% in 2016-17 to 46.2 million kilograms with Queensland's production up 25% to 27 million kilograms and New South Wales production up 12% to 19 million kilograms.
Grapes experienced a poor year despite predictions of a bumper season. Hail storms and dry conditions affected production, particularly in South Australia. Nationally, production rose by 3% to 1.8 million tonnes driven by a 17% increase in New South Wales production (up to 537,000 tonnes). This was offset by a 6% decrease in South Australia's production, down to 787,000 tonnes.
These documents will be presented in a new window.