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PRODUCTION OF CROPS
Preliminary estimates for 2004-05 show decreased production for all major crops, except grain sorghum, sugar cane cut for crushing and cotton lint. The fall in production reported for winter crops (i.e. wheat, barley, oats, canola and lupins) was largely due to dry conditions during their growing season. In contrast, production for summer crops (i.e. grain sorghum, and cotton) was assisted by an improvement in water availability and timely rainfall.
The production of wheat for grain fell by 13% in 2004-05, to 22.6 million tonnes. Decreases were reported in Western Australia (down 21% or 2.3 million tonnes), Victoria (down 38% or 1.2 million tonnes) and South Australia (down 23% or 803,000 tonnes). New South Wales reported increased wheat production, up by 8% or 547,000 tonnes.
Production of barley for grain fell by 26% in 2004-05, to 7.7 million tonnes. All states, except Tasmania, reported decreased production compared with the previous year. The largest falls were reported in Victoria (down 44% or 999,000 tonnes), Western Australia (down 22% or 692,000 tonnes) and South Australia (down 25% or 673,000 tonnes).
Grain sorghum production rose by 8% in 2004-05, to 2.2 million tonnes. A 34% increase in production in New South Wales (up by 241,000 tonnes) was partly offset by a 5% (or 70,200 tonnes) decrease in production in Queensland, the major growing state.
Production of oats for grain fell by 35% in 2004-05, to 1.3 million tonnes. Decreases were reported in all the major growing states with the largest falls reported in Western Australia (down 37% or 280,000 tonnes), Victoria (down 45% or 229,000 tonnes) and New South Wales (down 23% or 138,000 tonnes).
In 2004-05, canola production fell by 12% to 1.5 million tonnes, lupins for grain production fell by 20% to 948,000 tonnes and rice production fell by 42% to 323,000 tonnes. In contrast, the production of sugar cane cut for crushing increased by 4% to 38.6 million tonnes, while the production of cotton lint rose by 57% to 497,000 tonnes.
Preliminary estimates indicate that the number of milk cattle in Australia was 3.0 million head at 30 June 2005, down slightly from the previous year. Victoria continued to dominate the dairy industry with its herd of 1.9 million. Decreases in herd numbers were recorded in Queensland, South Australia and Western Australia, while Victoria, New South Wales and Tasmania remained steady.
Preliminary estimates indicate the number of meat cattle in Australia increased slightly to 24.7 million head at 30 June 2005. The largest increases were reported in Queensland (up 2% or 266,000 head) and Victoria (up 5% or 115,000 head), while New South Wales was little changed.
Sheep and lambs
Preliminary estimates indicate the number of sheep and lambs in Australia rose slightly to 103 million head at 30 June 2005. Increases were reported in Western Australia (up 4% or 1.1 million head), Victoria (up 3% or 547,000 head) and New South Wales (up slightly by 343,000 head), while in South Australia numbers fell by 4% or 532,000 head.
The number of lambs marked rose by 4% to 37.7 million in 2004-05.
Preliminary estimates indicate the number of pigs in Australia remained steady at 2.5 million at 30 June 2005. Increases in pig numbers in New South Wales and Queensland were offset by falls in South Australia and Western Australia, while Victoria was little changed.
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