An apprentice is a person aged 15-54 years who has entered into a legal contract (called an indenture or contract of training) with an employer, to serve a period of training for the purpose of attaining tradesperson status in a recognised trade. In this survey, apprentices are identified either by their occupation description or by their answers to a question specifically pertaining to the New Apprenticeship Scheme.
Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED)
The ASCED is a national standard classification which includes all sectors of the Australian education system: that is, schools, vocational education and training, and higher education. From 2001, ASCED replaced a number of classifications used in administrative and statistical systems, including the ABSCQ. The ASCED comprises two classifications: Level of Education and Field of Education. See Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED), 2001 (cat. no. 1272.0).
Certificate not further defined
Survey responses are coded to Certificate not further defined (n.f.d.) when there is not enough information to code them to Certificate I, II, III or IV in the Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED), Level of Education classification.
Country of birth
Country of birth has been classified according to the Standard Australian Classification of Countries (SACC), 1998 (cat. no. 1269.0).
Any institution whose primary role is education. Included are schools, higher education establishments, colleges of technical and further education, public and private colleges, etc. Excluded are institutions whose primary role is not education, for example, hospitals.
Persons who, during the reference week:
- worked for one hour or more for pay, profit, commission or payment in kind in a job or business, or on a farm (comprising employees, employers and own account workers); or
- worked for one hour or more without pay in a family business or on a farm (i.e. contributing family workers); or
- were employees who had a job but were not at work and were:
- away from work for less than four weeks up to the end of the reference week; or
- away from work for more than four weeks up to the end of the reference week and received pay for some or all of the four week period to the end of the reference week; or
- away from work as a standard work or shift arrangement; or
- on strike or locked out; or
- on workers' compensation and expected to return to their job; or
- were employers or own account workers who had a job, business or farm, but were not at work.
Refers to persons enrolled for a course of study in the particular reference period (e.g. survey month, or previous calendar year) at an educational institution (as defined).
Field of education
Field of Education is defined as the subject matter of an educational activity. It is categorised according to the Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED, 2001(cat. no. 1272.0) Field of Education classification.
Field of trade
Refers to the occupation of an apprentice and is classified to the ASCO - Australian Standard Classification of Occupations, Second Edition, 1997 (cat. no. 1220.0) Unit Group.
Employed persons who usually worked 35 hours or more a week (in all jobs) and those who, although usually working less than 35 hours a week, worked 35 hours or more during the reference week.
Higher education institution
An Australian institution providing higher education courses, e.g. Universities; Colleges of Advanced Education; Institutes of Advanced Education; Institutes of Higher Education; Institutes of Tertiary Education; Agricultural Colleges and some Institutes of Technology.
From August 1994, Industry has been classified according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 1993 (cat. no. 1292.0).
Classification of a respondent's employer as a public or private enterprise. The public sector includes all local government authorities and government departments, Australian defence forces, agencies and authorities created by, or reporting to, the state, territory or Commonwealth Parliaments. All other employment is classified to the private sector.
Persons who were enrolled in a course of study leading to a qualification in the previous year, but were not enrolled in a course of study leading to a qualification at the time of the survey.
Level of education
Level of education is a function of the quality and quantity of learning involved in an educational activity. It is categorised according to the Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED), Level of Education classification.
Level of highest educational attainment
Level of highest educational attainment identifies the highest achievement a person has attained in any area of study. It is not a measurement of the relative importance of different fields of study but a ranking of qualifications and other educational attainments regardless of the particular area of study or the type of institution in which the study was undertaken. See paragraphs 24-26 of the Explanatory Notes for how highest level is derived.
Level not determined
Level (of highest educational attainment) not determined is used when respondents have given their highest level of school completed and have said they have a non-school qualification but have not supplied a level for the non-school qualification. Their highest level of school completed may well be their highest level of attainment but because the level of their highest non-school qualification is not available, it can not be determined whether their Year 12, 11 or 10 is their highest level of attainment. Level not determined also includes inadequately described responses or where no responses were given.
Non-school qualifications are awarded for educational attainments other than those of pre-primary, primary or secondary education. They include qualifications at the Post Graduate Degree level, Master Degree level, Graduate Diploma and Graduate Certificate level, Bachelor Degree level, Advanced Diploma and Diploma level, and Certificates I, II, III and IV levels. Non-school qualifications may be attained concurrently with school qualifications.
Not in the labour force
Persons who were not in the categories ‘employed’ or ‘ unemployed’ as defined.
Classified according to the ASCO - Australian Standard Classification of Occupations, Second Edition, 1997 (cat. no. 1220.0).
Other educational institution
Includes institutions or establishments that offer educational courses such as industry skills centres, professional or industry associations, equipment/product manufacturer or supplier, and instances where insufficient information was available to determine the type of educational institution.
Employed persons who usually worked less than 35 hours a week (in all jobs) and either did so during the reference week, or were not at work in the reference week.
Formal certification, issued by a relevant approved body, in recognition that a person has achieved learning outcomes or competencies relevant to identified individual, professional, industry or community needs. Statements of attainment awarded for partial completion of a course of study at a particular level are excluded.
The week preceding the week in which the interview was conducted.
Persons who were enrolled in a course of study leading to a qualification at the time of the survey, but were not enrolled in a course of study leading to a qualification at any time in the previous calendar year.
Study leading to a qualification
The reported level of education of any study being undertaken that will lead to formal certification, issued by a relevant approved body, in recognition that a person has achieved learning outcomes or competencies relevant to identified individual, professional, industry or community needs. In this survey, if the respondent was still attending school their level of study was recorded as their current year of schooling. If the respondent had left school and was enrolled in study leading to a qualification they were asked the level of the qualification.
A Technical and Further Education institution. In Victoria this may also be interpreted as Training and Further Education.
Persons aged 15 years and over who were not employed during the reference week, and:
Unmet educational demand
- had actively looked for full-time or part-time work at any time in the four weeks up to the end of the reference week and were available for work in the reference week; or
- were waiting to start a new job within four weeks from the end of the reference week and could have started in the reference week if the job had been available then.
Persons who applied to enrol for a course of study in an educational institution and who were unable to gain placement. Excludes persons who were studying at the time of the survey.