4430.0 - Disability, Ageing and Carers, Australia: Summary of Findings, 2015 Quality Declaration 
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 18/10/2016   
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Table of limitations, restrictions, activities and tasks

In the Survey of Disability Ageing and Carers (SDAC), a person has a disability if their responses indicate a limitation or restriction in their everyday activities. Limitations relate to core activities while restrictions refer to schooling and employment. The limitations or restrictions are divided into Activities and further refined by Task.

To identify whether a person has a particular type of limitation or restriction, the SDAC collects information on need for assistance, difficulty experienced, and use of aids or equipment to perform selected tasks. The following shows the tasks associated with each type of limitation and restriction.

Limitation or restriction Activity Tasks

Specific limitation or restriction
Core activity limitations Communication Understanding family or friends
Being understood by family or friends
Understanding strangers
Being understood by strangers
Mobility Getting into or out of a bed or chair
Moving about usual place of residence
Moving about a place away from usual residence
Walking 200 metres
Walking up and down stairs without a handrail
Bending and picking up an object from the floor
Using public transport
Self-care Showering or bathing
Bladder or bowel control
Schooling or employment restrictions Schooling Unable to attend school
Attends a special school
Attends special classes at an ordinary school
Needs at least one day a week off school on average
Has difficulty at school
Employment Permanently unable to work
Restricted in the type of work they can or could do
Need, or would need, at least one day a week off work on average
Restricted in the number of hours they can, or could, work
Requires special equipment, modified work environment or special arrangements
Needs ongoing assistance or supervision
Would find it difficult to change jobs or get a preferred job
Needs assistance from a disability job placement program or agency
Without specific limitation or restriction
Other activitiesHealth careFoot care
Taking medications or administering injections
Dressing wounds
Using medical machinery
Manipulating muscles or limbs
Reading or writing Checking bills or bank statements
Writing letters
Filling in forms
Transport Going to places away from the usual place of residence
Household chores Washing
Property maintenance Changing light bulbs, taps, washers or car registration stickers
Making minor home repairs
Mowing lawns, watering, pruning shrubs, light weeding or planting
Removing rubbish
Meal preparation Preparing ingredients
Cooking food
Cognition or emotion Making friendships, maintaining relationships, or interacting with others
Coping with feelings or emotions
Decision making or thinking through problems
Managing own behaviour