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APPENDIX 4 - STATE-SPECIFIC YEAR BEFORE FULL TIME SCHOOLING
In 2016, a new state-specific Year Before Full Time Schooling (YBFS) definition was researched and developed to better reflect the YBFS concept needed for national reports by government. This new state-specific YBFS definition uses the preschool and school age entry provisions of the state or territory in which the child usually resides. This improves on previous definitions by accounting for the differences across Australia in the age at which children are to be enrolled in school.
The new state-specific YBFS definition has been created mainly to assist with the Report on Government Services (RoGS) and National Indigenous Reform Agreement (NIRA). The new definition does not change the performance indicators for the current National Partnership Agreement on Universal Access to Early Childhood Education – 2016 & 2017.
Statistics for the state-specific YBFS definition have been included in Preschool Education, Australia since 2016 and replace the original YBFS definition based statistics published in prior years. The original YBFS definition included all children enrolled and attending a preschool program aged 4 years and only children aged 5 years who had not previously attended a preschool program as a 4 year old.
Calculating state-specific YBFS cohorts
Table A4 shows the state-specific age ranges for children in their year before commencing school. For six jurisdictions, children born over a specified interval of 12 months are included. However, for New South Wales and Victoria the interval is slightly broader with adjustment factors applied to account for the rates at which the youngest children in the interval proceed from preschool to school education in those states.
The preschool education statistics for the state-specific YBFS cohorts can be found in Tables 28 to 31 of the datacube in Preschool Education, Australia, 2017 (cat. no. 4240.0). These statistics are presented by the child’s state or territory of usual residence, which aligns with the place of usual residence basis for ABS population estimates and projections.
Population estimates for state-specific YBFS cohorts
Population estimates for the state-specific YBFS cohorts were created to allow reporting of population proportions within RoGS and NIRA with greater accuracy than would otherwise be possible.
The state-specific YBFS population estimates in Table A5 for all children were created by:
For Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children, the same process was used but with population projections from Estimates and Projections, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2001 to 2026 (cat. no. 3238.0) instead of ERP. This is because ERP for 30 June 2017 by single year of age are not currently available for this population.
(a) Calculated as the total less Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders
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