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INDIGENOUS PEOPLE'S PARTICIPATION IN SPORT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES
Labour force status
Indigenous people who were employed part-time had the highest rate of participation in sport and physical activity with over one third (39% or 26,000 people) taking part. Indigenous people who were; working full-time had a participation rate of 37% (38,000 people). Less than one third of Indigenous people who were unemployed took part in sport and physical activity (30% or 10,000 people). Indigenous people who were not in the labour force had a participation rate of 20% (25,000 people).
Of all Indigenous people whose highest educational attainment was Postgraduate degree, Graduate degree / Graduate certificate, Bachelor degree, 39% (5,800 people) participated in sport and physical activity. For Indigenous people whose highest educational attainment was Senior secondary, a participation rate of 39% (27,000 people) was reported. Indigenous people whose highest educational attainment was Advanced Diploma / Diploma, Certificate n.f.d, Certificate I, II, III or IV had a participation rate of 33%. The lowest participation rate was reported by Indigenous people whose highest educational attainment was junior secondary education (25% or 41,000 people).
Of all Indigenous people aged 15 years and over who lived in a couple family with dependent children, 38% (43,000 people) participated in sport and physical activities. A similar participation rate was reported for Indigenous people who lived in a group household (38% or 1,900 people). Similar participation rates for Indigenous people were reported in the following household types; 29% (16,000 people) for one parent family with dependent children; 28% (14,000 people) for other one family households and 26% (12,000 people) for multiple family households.
About 22% (7,000 people) of Indigenous people who lived in a couple only household participated in sports and physical activities while the participation rate was 20% (5,200 people) for Indigenous people living alone.
State or Territory of Usual Residence
The Australian Capital Territory had the highest participation rate of Indigenous people who took part in sport and physical activities (46%) followed by Victoria and Tasmania with 34% respectively. All other states and territories had similar levels of participation. In terms of absolute numbers of Indigenous people participating in sport and physical activities in each state or territory, the survey showed New South Wales (29,000 people) and Queensland (26,000 people) had the most participants.
CHILDREN'S PARTICIPATION IN SPORT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Almost half (47%) of Indigenous children aged 4-14 years in 2008 had played organised sport in the last 12 months. There was a noticeable difference between Indigenous boys and girls, with over half (51% or 37,000 people) of all boys aged 4-14 years and less than half of all girls (43% or 29,000 people) aged 4-14 years participating in organised sport.
At 34% or 11,000 children, Indigenous boys aged 4-8 years had the lowest participation rate. Nearly two-thirds of Indigenous boys aged 9-11 years (63% or 11,000 people) participated in organised sport. Of boys aged 12-14 years, 69% (14,000 people) participated in organised sport. In a similar manner, Indigenous girls aged 4-8 years also had a much lower participation rate in organised sport (30% or 9,300 people) than girls aged 9-11 years (57% or 10,000 people) and 12-14 years (51% or 9,300 people).
Types of organised sport played by Indigenous children
For Indigenous boys aged 4-14 years, the three most popular sports were Australian rules football (17% or 12,000 people), rugby league (16% or 12,000 people) and soccer (outdoor - 10.5% or 7,500 people). For Indigenous girls aged 4-14 years, the most popular sport was netball with 13% (8,500 people) having participated. This was followed by swimming (7.0% or 4,800 people), basketball (6.7% or 4,600 people), soccer-outdoor (6.4% and 4,300 people) and athletics / track and field (4.5% or 3,100 people). The organised sports that had similar rates of participation for both boys and girls were swimming (6.3% and 7.0%), basketball (6.3% and 6.7%) and athletics (4.0% and 4.5%).
ADULT PARTICIPATION IN SPORT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND SENSE OF WELL-BEING
Involvement in sport and taking part in other forms of physical activity is often also a social activity that provides participants with an opportunity to make and/or maintain friendships, develop extended networks and keep in touch with family and friends.
Types of sporting, social or community activities participated in last 12 months
In addition to participation as a player, association with a sport or physical recreation club or group brings opportunities for participation in other kinds of social and community activities. The 2008 NATSISS collected data on other types of sporting, social or community activities participated in the last 12 months. Nearly half of Indigenous people aged 15 years and over attended a sporting event as a spectator (45% or 149,000 people). More men (50% or 78,000) attended a sporting event as a spectator than women (42% or 71,000 people).
At 11% (36,000 people), a smaller percentage of Indigenous people participated as a coach, instructor or teacher. A higher percentage were men (14% or 21,000 people) compared with women (8.4% or 14,000 people). Of all Indigenous people participating in sporting, social and community activities, 8.5% (28,000 people) participated as a committee member or administrator. There were similar levels of participation for men (8.8% and 14,000 people) and women (8.2% and 14,000 people). Only 6.3% (20,000 people) of Indigenous people participated as a referee, umpire or official. A higher percentage were men (8.0% or 12,000 people) compared with women (4.7% or 8,000 people).
Level of trust
Respondents were asked how strongly they agreed or disagreed with a number of statements including 'that most people can be trusted'. Of all Indigenous people who strongly agree or agree that people can be trusted, one-third (33% or 39,000 people) took part in sport and physical activity. Of Indigenous people who indicated they neither agree nor disagree, the participation rate was 31%. Over one-quarter (27% or 33,000 people) of Indigenous people who disagree or strongly disagree that people can be trusted participated in sport and physical activity.
Proportion of Indigenous friends
Participation in sport and physical activity may lead to increased opportunities to develop the friendships and contacts which create a diverse social network.
Respondents were asked what proportion of their friends were Indigenous. Over one-third (36% or 30,000 people) of Indigenous people who reported having few Indigenous friends participated in sport and physical activities. A similar participation rate (36% or 18,000 people) was reported by people who reported that about half of their friends were Indigenous. Of all people who reported that most of their friends were Indigenous, 28% (18,000 people) took part in sport and physical activity. The participation rate was 23% (14,000 people) for Indigenous people who reported that all of their friends were Indigenous.
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