3302.0 - Deaths, Australia, 2014 Quality Declaration 
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 12/11/2015   
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ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER DEATHS


DEATHS OF ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER AUSTRALIANS

There were 2,914 deaths registered in Australia in 2014 where the deceased person was recorded as being an Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander, or both (see table 1.3). For detailed data, see data cube Table 16: Deaths, Indigenous status, Selected states and territories - 2004 to 2014, from the Downloads tab.

1.3 DEATHS, Indigenous status - 2014(a)

State or territory
of usual residence
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
Non-Indigenous
Not stated
Total
no.
%
no.
%
no.
%
no.

NSW
794
1.5
51 370
98.2
156
0.3
52 320
Vic.
139
0.4
37 869
99.5
34
0.1
38 042
Qld
688
2.4
27 443
95.6
573
2.0
28 704
SA
169
1.3
13 080
98.6
13
0.1
13 262
WA
517
3.7
13 106
95.1
164
1.2
13 787
Tas.
31
0.7
4 442
99.2
3
0.1
4 476
NT
562
48.1
591
50.6
15
1.3
1 168
ACT
13
0.7
1 793
98.9
7
0.4
1 813
Aust.(b)
2 914
1.9
149 701
97.5
965
0.6
153 580

(a) A new confidentiality method has been applied. See CHANGES IN THIS ISSUE (go to the Summary tab and then IN THIS ISSUE).
(b) Includes Other Territories.


Deaths by Year of registration and Year of occurrence

The following table presents deaths of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders by year of registration and year of occurrence separately for those deaths registered up to and including 31 December 2014. While the interval between the occurrence and registration of deaths is often longer among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians than among the non-Indigenous population, there is normally little difference between the number of deaths registered in a given year and the number of deaths that occurred in the same year for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. This is because for each year, the number of deaths that are not registered in the year that they occurred are balanced by deaths that occurred in the previous years but were subsequently registered. The table below illustrates that if data are routinely reported on a year of occurrence basis, deaths data for the latest year will be underestimated.

1.4 ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER DEATHS(a), States and territories(b)(c) - 1998 to 2014

NSW
Vic.
Qld(d)
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.(e)

YEAR OF REGISTRATION

1998
462
123
593
127
378
13
415
3
2 114
1999
435
130
529
116
350
11
399
6
1 976
2000
473
108
535
144
407
np
450
np
2 127
2001
481
93
565
125
345
np
429
np
2 072
2002
516
64
590
107
371
20
462
4
2 136
2003
485
82
569
137
338
23
435
9
2 079
2004
490
54
579
131
400
20
449
10
2 136
2005
507
71
519
142
406
28
454
11
2 141
2006
530
111
584
124
443
20
452
14
2 279
2007
601
95
594
138
449
24
461
6
2 368
2008
559
97
562
141
486
24
467
16
2 353
2009
591
106
632
160
416
30
431
10
2 377
2010
622
117
948
147
436
37
447
13
2 767
2011
726
128
629
141
454
30
437
12
2 558
2012
635
100
678
151
466
45
539
6
2 620
2013
753
123
765
177
457
27
489
18
2 811
2014(f)
794
139
688
169
517
31
562
13
2 914

YEAR OF OCCURRENCE(f)(g)

1998
465
108
596
129
389
13
416
3
2 117
1999
433
106
540
119
347
12
438
7
1 999
2000
480
115
619
140
384
10
428
1
2 177
2001
487
81
581
122
368
29
430
2
2 100
2002
508
64
614
108
384
22
471
5
2 178
2003
494
83
594
144
324
22
418
12
2 093
2004
481
55
633
134
391
19
437
7
2 159
2005
507
81
542
140
416
32
493
12
2 226
2006
529
117
591
123
460
16
453
12
2 302
2007
599
94
588
140
462
25
463
8
2 379
2008
559
96
554
144
474
23
490
14
2 355
2009
596
109
627
147
409
33
438
12
2 372
2010
640
132
630
149
424
35
428
12
2 451
2011
711
104
648
145
444
32
479
11
2 574
2012
665
113
675
158
449
43
502
7
2 612
2013
755
116
738
166
460
29
495
17
2 778
2014
728
117
621
157
443
28
434
13
2 542

(a) The death of a person who is recorded as being an Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander, or both on the Death Registration Form (DRF) and/or the Medical Certificate of Cause of Death (MCCD). For further information see paragraph 28 of the Explanatory Notes.
(b) State or territory of usual residence.
(c) Due to differing levels of recording Indigenous status by the states and territories and over time, care should be taken in interpreting change in numbers of deaths. As a result, data for Australia should not be analysed as a time series.
(d) Care should be taken when interpreting Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander deaths data for Queensland for 2010. See Technical Note: Queensland Retrospective Deaths Project, and paragraph 36 of the Explanatory Notes of Deaths, Australia, 2010 (cat. no. 3302.0).
(e) Includes Other Territories.
(f) A new confidentiality method has been applied. See CHANGES IN THIS ISSUE (go to the Summary tab and then IN THIS ISSUE).
(g) Includes deaths registered up to and including 31 December 2014. The number of deaths presented on a year of occurrence basis is subject to change, as deaths that occurred prior to 31 December 2014 but have not yet been registered are registered in subsequent years. See paragraphs 25 and 26 of the Explanatory Notes for more information.

Median age

Median ages at death data for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians are only included in this release for New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and the Northern Territory. Victoria, Tasmania and the Australian Capital Territory are excluded due to the small numbers of registered deaths recorded as being of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians.

In 2014, the median age at death of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians varied across the selected states and territories. For males, New South Wales had the highest median age at death (57.7 years) and Western Australia had the lowest (49.9 years). For females, New South Wales again had the highest median age at death (64.1 years) while the Northern Territory had the lowest (57.5 years). For detailed data, see data cube Table 17: Median age at death, Indigenous status, Selected states and territories - 2004 to 2014, from the Downloads tab.


Age-specific death rates

Age-specific death rates (ASDR) for 2010-2014 for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australian males and females, in nearly all age groups, were higher than the rates for non-Indigenous males and females. The exceptions for males were in the 1-4 years and 65 years and over age groups in South Australia and the 5-14 and 65 years and over age groups for New South Wales. For females, the exception was for the 65 years and over age group in South Australia where rates were higher for non-Indigenous Australians than for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australian ASDRs were more than twice the rates for non-Indigenous Australians in the 25-54 years age group for New South Wales and 25-64 years age group for Queensland. Of these two states, Queensland had the largest difference for both males and females aged 35-44 years, where Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australian ASDRs were over three times the non-Indigenous male and female rates.

For South Australia, Western Australia and the Northern Territory, ASDRs for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians in some age groups were over four times the rates for non-Indigenous Australians. For these states and territory, the largest differences in ASDRs mainly occurred among males and females aged 35-44 years. For detailed data, see data cube Table 19: Age-specific death rates, Indigenous status, Selected states and territories - 2010-2014, from the Downloads tab.


Infant mortality rates

In 2012-2014, New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and the Northern Territory recorded a combined infant mortality rate (IMR) for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians that was around twice the rate for non-Indigenous Australians (6.0 and 3.3 per 1,000 live births respectively).

In the Northern Territory, IMRs for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population fell, while fluctuating, from 15.4 infant deaths per 1,000 live births in 2002-2004 to 12.5 in 2012-2014. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander IMRs in the Northern Territory were the highest of all states and territories across the 2002-2004 to 2012-2014 period. In the other states the rates fluctuated due to the small and variable number of registered infant deaths in these jurisdictions during the period. For detailed data, see data cube Table 18: Infant mortality rates, Indigenous status, Selected states and territories - 2002-2004 to 2012-2014, from the Downloads tab.