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POPULATION CHANGE IN MELBOURNE
At June 2011, there were an estimated 4.14 million people residing in Melbourne SD, an increase of 66,900 people or 1.6% since June 2010. Melbourne had the largest growth of all Australian capital city SDs in 2010-11, as it has had for the last ten years.
Melbourne SD accounted for 80% of Victoria's population growth between June 2010 and June 2011, and was home to 74% of the state's population in 2011.
Growth in the outer suburbs
The largest population growth in Victoria continued to occur in the outer suburban fringes of Melbourne SD. In 2010-11, Wyndham (C), located to the south-west of Melbourne's city centre, had the largest growth of all Victorian LGAs, increasing by 12,200 people. All three of the SLAs within Wyndham (C) LGA experienced large growth. Whittlesea (C), located to the north of Melbourne, had the second largest growth, increasing by 8,700 people, followed by Melton (S), to the west of Melbourne, which increased by 6,000 people.
In 2010-11, Wyndham (C) also had the fastest annual growth rate (7.8%) of all Victorian LGAs, and all LGAs in the country. Other LGAs on the suburban fringe of Melbourne SD that grew fast in 2010-11 included Cardinia (S) (5.9%), Melton (S) and Whittlesea (C) (both 5.6%).
Whittlesea (C) - North and Wyndham (C) - North had the largest population growth of all SLAs in Victoria in 2010-11, up 8,100 and 6,500 people respectively. Whittlesea (C) - North also had the fastest annual growth rate of any SLA in Victoria, increasing by 17.4%. Wyndham (C) - South had the second fastest growth rate (14.0%).
Growth in the inner city
Melbourne (C) had the ninth largest increase in population of all LGAs in Victoria in 2010-11 (up 2,500 people) and continued to experience relatively fast growth, at a rate of 2.6%. This was lower than the average annual rate of 4.1% for this LGA over the five years to June 2011.
The SLA of Melbourne (C) - Remainder grew by 1,600 people (2.5%). Melbourne (C) - Southbank-Docklands by 560 people (3.0%) and Melbourne (C) - Inner by 330 people (2.1%).
POPULATION CHANGE IN REGIONAL VICTORIA
In the year to June 2011, the population of regional Victoria increased by 17,200 people (1.2%) to reach 1.48 million people.
All regional SDs experienced population growth in 2010-11, with the exception of Wimmera SD which decreased by 0.3%. As was the case in the previous year, the fastest growth occurred in the SDs of Gippsland (1.9%), Central Highlands (1.8%) and Barwon (1.6%). Barwon, Gippsland and Central Highlands also had the largest population growth increasing by 4,500, 3,400 and 2,900 people respectively.
Within regional Victoria, the LGA of Greater Geelong (C), located south-west of Melbourne SD, had the largest increase in population (3,300 people) in the year to June 2011. This was followed by Ballarat (C) (1,900 people), in Victoria's west and Greater Bendigo (C) (1,500) in central Victoria.
The LGA of Bass Coast (S) had the fastest growth in regional Victoria, increasing by 3.7%. The SLA of Bass Coast (S) Bal contributed 87% of the growth within the shire. This SLA is home to the Wonthaggi desalination plant construction site, which has attracted many new residents into the area. The next fastest-growing LGA in regional Victoria was Moorabool (S) (3.0%), located to the west of Melbourne. The majority of this growth occurred in the SLA of Moorabool (S) - Bacchus Marsh (S) (90%). The third fastest-growing LGA was Mitchell (S) (2.9%), north of Melbourne, with the SLA of Mitchell (S) - South contributing 97% of the growth within the shire.
In the year to June 2011, 15% of Victoria's LGAs declined in population. All of these LGAs were in regional Victoria, mostly in the north-west of the state. The largest decline was in Gannawarra (S), in the north-west of Victoria (down 130 people). Yarriambiack (S) and Northern Grampians (S) each had a decline of 100 people.
At June 2011, the population density of Victoria was 25 people per square kilometre (sq km), the second highest of all states and territories after the Australian Capital Territory (160 people per sq km). The population density of Melbourne SD was 540 people per sq km, which was higher than all Australian capital cities combined (380).
Within Melbourne SD, the SLAs with the highest population densities at 30 June 2011 were Melbourne (C) - Inner (8,200 people per sq km) and nearby Port Phillip (C) - St Kilda (6,500). The neighbouring Stonnington (C) - Prahran (5,400) was the third most densely populated SLA.
The most densely populated SLAs in the capital city also experienced some of the largest increases in density between June 2010 and 2011. Melbourne (C) - Inner increased in density by 170 people per sq km, the greatest of all SLAs. The next largest increases occurred in Melbourne (C) - Southbank-Docklands (120 people per sq km) and Port Phillip (C) - St Kilda (73).
The lowest population densities in Melbourne SD at June 2011 were in the outlying SLAs of Cardinia (S) - South (18 people per sq km), Nillumbik (S) Bal (31) and Yarra Ranges (S) - North (35).
CENTRE OF POPULATION
At June 2011, Victoria's centre of population was in the suburb of Hadfield within the LGA of Moreland (C). In the five years to June 2011, the centre moved approximately 0.7 kilometres south, towards Melbourne's central business district.
The centre of population of Melbourne SD at June 2011 was in the suburb of Glen Iris, just west of the Monash Freeway.
LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA POPULATIONS
For a full list of LGA populations, see the Downloads tab.
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