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POPULATION CHANGE BY SA2, Australia - 2013-14
STATE AND TERRITORY HIGHLIGHTS
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory
CAPITAL CITY GROWTH
At June 2014, 15.6 million people, around two-thirds of Australia's population, lived in a Greater Capital City. The combined population of Greater Capital Cities increased by 289,000 people in the 12 months to 2014.
Melbourne had the largest growth of all Greater Capital Cities, increasing by 95,700 people, followed by Sydney (84,200), Perth (48,400) and Brisbane (38,500). Melbourne grew by an average of more than 1,800 people per week, while Sydney increased by over 1,600 people per week.
The population of Australia's Greater Capital Cities grew by 1.9%, faster than the rest of the country (1.0%). Perth had the fastest growth of all Greater Capital Cities, up by 2.5%, ahead of Darwin and Melbourne (both 2.2%). The slowest-growing Greater Capital City was Hobart, at 0.6%.
OUTER SUBURBAN GROWTH
Many areas which experienced strong growth were located on the fringes of capital cities, where more land tends to be available for subdivision and housing development. In the year to 2014, seven of the ten SA2s with the largest population growth in Australia were outer suburbs of Greater Melbourne. South Morang, on the northern outskirts of Melbourne, had the largest growth in the country, increasing by 4,200 people. Point Cook, on the south-western fringe, and Craigieburn - Mickleham in the north, also had large growth, increasing by 3,500 and 3,400 people respectively. The fastest growth in Victoria was in the outer suburbs of Cranbourne East (up by 24%), Truganina (17%) and Tarneit (12%).
In Western Australia, the SA2 of Baldivis on the south-western outskirts of Greater Perth, recorded the largest growth in the state (up by 3,500 people), followed by Ellenbrook in the north-east and Forrestdale - Harrisdale - Piara Waters in the south-east (both up by 2,400). Forrestdale - Harrisdale - Piara Waters also had the fastest growth in the state (up by 22%).
The SA2 in New South Wales with the largest population increase was Parklea - Kellyville Ridge in the north-west growth corridor of Greater Sydney, which grew by 2,700 people. Cobbitty - Leppington, which includes the expanding land releases around Oran Park in Sydney's south-west, had the fastest growth in the state, up by 19%.
In Queensland, the outer suburban SA2 of North Lakes - Mango Hill in the north of Greater Brisbane had the largest growth in the state, up by 2,200 people. Redbank Plains (up by 1,000 people) and Springfield Lakes (930), both in Ipswich, also recorded relatively large growth.
Outer suburban areas in the smaller capital cities also had some of the strongest growth in their states or territories. In the Australian Capital Territory, the newly developed northern suburbs of Crace (up by 57%) and Casey (32%) had the fastest growth in Australia. In South Australia, the largest and fastest growth was in the outer Adelaide SA2s of Seaford (up by 750 people or 3.6%) and Munno Para West - Angle Vale (690, or 7.5%). Rosebery - Bellamack on the outskirts of Greater Darwin added 760 people (up by 15%), giving it the largest and fastest growth in the Northern Territory. In Tasmania, outer suburban Margate - Snug had growth among the largest in the state, increasing by 110 people.
INNER-CITY GROWTH & URBAN INFILL
The inner-city SA2 of Waterloo - Beaconsfield in Greater Sydney had one of the largest population increases in Australia between 2013 and 2014, growing by 2,000 people. Other inner-city SA2s to experience large growth included Melbourne (up by 1,600 people), nearby Southbank (1,200), and Sydney - Haymarket - The Rocks (also 1,200).
Of all inner-city SA2s, the inner Melbourne area of Docklands was the fastest-growing, increasing by 9.9% to 8,200 people. The nearby SA2s of Abbotsford, South Yarra - East and Southbank also had fast growth, each increasing by more than 7.0%. Much of this growth can be attributed to strong infill development activity. Urban infill is the development of a site within an already-developed area, either by building housing on land that was previously vacant or used for non-residential purposes, or by replacing low-density housing with higher-density dwellings. Infill development is becoming more common on transport corridors, near commercial hubs, and in suburbs where there are older houses on large blocks of land.
In addition to some inner-city areas, urban infill contributed to strong population growth in 2013-14 in SA2s such as Parramatta - Rosehill (up by 1,900) and Concord West - North Strathfield (1,600) in New South Wales, and Dandenong and Footscray (both 790) in Victoria.
GROWTH ALONG THE COAST
Generally, the most prominent growth outside of capital cities between 2013 and 2014 occurred along the coast of Australia, particularly in Queensland. The SA2 of Deeragun, west of Townsville's central business district, had the largest increase outside of Australia's capitals, up by 1,500 people. This was followed by Upper Coomera - Willow Vale and Ormeau - Yatala on the Gold Coast, which grew by 1,100 and 900 people respectively. The fastest-growing SA2 in Queensland was Pimpama, also on the Gold Coast, which increased by 17%. This was the fastest growth in Australia outside of the country's capital cities.
In Western Australia, Busselton (up by 850 people), Australind - Leschenault (650) and Gelorup - Dalyellup - Stratham (520), all on the state's south-west coast, had relatively large growth.
The coastal SA2 of Ocean Grove - Barwon Heads near Geelong had the largest growth in Victoria outside of Greater Melbourne, up by 810 people, while nearby Highton increased by 720 people.
In New South Wales, Shellharbour - Flinders in the Illawarra region recorded an increase of 680 people.
GROWTH IN INLAND AREAS
Some inland SA2s outside of capital cities had relatively large growth in the 12 months to 2014, especially those in and around regional centres. In Victoria, this was the case in Wodonga on the Victoria - New South Wales border (up by 670 people), Ballarat - South (570), and White Hills - Ascot in Bendigo (540).
Other inland areas to experience relatively large growth included the SA2s of Orange - North (up by 480 people), Griffith (410) and Albury - East (400) in New South Wales.
Many of the largest population declines in 2013-14 were in Australia's regional areas. The largest decline was recorded in the Northern Territory SA2 of Nhulunbuy (down by 570 people), however a number of SA2s with the biggest declines were in Western Australia. These included Derby - West Kimberley (down by 520), Kalgoorlie (down by 270) and Leinster - Leonora (down by 250).
Other regional SA2s with relatively large declines included Grafton (down by 180) in New South Wales, Lorne - Anglesea (down by 170) in Victoria and West Coast (down by 140) in Tasmania.
A number of long-established areas within Australia's capital cites also declined in population. One explanation for this is that the population of these areas has aged and as households have moved through the life cycle, they have reduced in size as children have moved away from home.
In the Australian Capital Territory, a number of older suburbs in the Tuggeranong region experienced decline including Kambah (down by 210), Wanniassa (down by 140) and Calwell (down by 130). In Greater Melbourne there were declines in the established outer- and middle-ring suburbs of Hoppers Crossing - South (down by 130 people), Ferntree Gully and Yarra Valley (both down by 100). Claymore - Eagle Vale - Raby, in Greater Sydney's outer south-west, experienced a decline of 140 people, while Capalaba in Greater Brisbane's south-east decreased by 110 people.
POPULATION CHANGE BY REMOTENESS AREAS
The Remoteness Structure of the Australian Statistical Geography Standard identifies five Remoteness Area categories for Australia, ranging from Major Cities to Very Remote. As at June 2014, 71% of the population resided in Major Cities. In comparison, just 2.3% lived in Remote or Very Remote Australia. Major Cities were the fastest-growing type of Remoteness Area in Australia, up 1.8% in the year to June 2014. In contrast, Very Remote areas declined in population (down 0.4%).
Excluding the Australian Capital Territory, the states with the highest proportion of their population living in Major Cities were Western Australia and Victoria (both 77%), while Tasmania was the state with the highest proportion living in Inner Regional areas (66%), which includes Hobart. Of all the states and territories, the Northern Territory had the highest proportion in Outer Regional areas (57%), which includes Darwin, as well as Remote (20%) and Very Remote (22%) areas.
Within the states and territories (excluding the Australian Capital Territory), Major Cities had the fastest growth in New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland in 2013-14. In South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania, Inner Regional areas were the fastest-growing, while in the Northern Territory, Outer Regional areas grew the fastest.
Population density varies greatly across Australia. Australia's population density at June 2014 was 3.1 people per square kilometre (sq km), compared with 3.0 at June 2013. Among the states and territories, the Australian Capital Territory had the highest population density, at 160 people per sq km, followed by Victoria (26), New South Wales (9.4), and Tasmania (7.6). The remaining states and territories all had population densities below the Australian figure, with the Northern Territory having the lowest at just 0.2 people per sq km.
Population density at June 2014 was highest within Greater Capital Cities, particularly in Sydney. Eight of the ten most densely-populated SA2s in the country were in Sydney, including Pyrmont - Ultimo, which had the highest, at 15,000 people per sq km, Potts Point - Woolloomooloo (13,700), Darlinghurst (13,400) and Surry Hills (13,300). These areas all surround Sydney's central business district.
Within Greater Melbourne, the SA2s with the greatest population densities were inner-city Melbourne (13,000 people per sq km) and neighbouring Carlton (9,500). In Greater Brisbane, New Farm (6,400 people per sq km) and nearby Kangaroo Point (6,200) had the highest population densities.
At the other end of the scale, around 200 SA2s in Australia had population densities of less than 1 person per sq km, the majority of which were in Queensland (46 SA2s), Western Australia (43) and New South Wales (38). The Northern Territory had the highest proportion of SA2s with less than 1 person per sq km, at 26%, followed by Western Australia (17%).
The inner-city SA2 of Melbourne had the largest increase in population density in 2013-14, adding an extra 670 people per sq km. This was followed by Pyrmont - Ultimo (up by 630 people per sq km) in inner Sydney, and Crace (also up by 630), a newly developed suburb of Canberra.
POPULATION DENSITY BY SA2, Australia - June 2014
CENTRE OF POPULATION
The centre of population is one way in which the spatial distribution of Australia's population can be summarised. This point marks the average latitude and longitude around which the population is distributed.
Australia's centre of population at June 2014 was 27 kilometres east of the small service town of Ivanhoe in western New South Wales. This location reflects the concentration of population in south-east Australia. The centre of population moved 28 kilometres north-west between 2004 and 2014. This shift reflects rapid population growth in Queensland and Western Australia over this period.
CENTRE OF POPULATION Australia - June 2004 and June 2014
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