3218.0 - Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2013-14 Quality Declaration 
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POPULATION CHANGE

Australia's estimated resident population (ERP) reached 23.5 million at 30 June 2014, increasing by 364,900 people or 1.6% since 30 June 2013. This compared with a growth rate of 1.7% in 2012-13.

All states and territories experienced population growth between 2013 and 2014. New South Wales had the greatest growth (up by 109,100 people), followed by Victoria (106,700) and Queensland (70,500).

Western Australia grew fastest, increasing by 2.2%, followed by Victoria (1.9%), Queensland and New South Wales (both 1.5%), and the Australian Capital Territory (1.2%). The states with the slowest growth were Tasmania (0.3%), South Australia (0.9%) and the Northern Territory (1.0%).

Compared with the previous year, population growth rates had slowed in the Northern Territory (down from 2.8% in 2012-13 to 1.0% in 2013-14), Western Australia (down from 3.3% to 2.2%), the Australian Capital Territory (down from 1.6% to 1.2%) and Queensland (down from 1.8% to 1.5%), but remained relatively steady in other states.

The vast majority of Australia's population growth in 2013-14 (79%) can be attributed to growth in our capital cities. Growth in Greater Capital Cities accounted for 90% of population growth in Victoria, 89% in Western Australia and 87% in South Australia.

Population growth tended to be most prominent in outer suburbs, inner cities, urban infill areas and along the coast. Areas that declined included regional areas and long-established suburbs within capital cities. This can be seen in the following map which shows the population change of Statistical Areas Level 2 (SA2s) over this period.


POPULATION CHANGE BY SA2, Australia - 2013-14
Diagram: POPULATION CHANGE BY SA2, Australia - 2013-14


STATE AND TERRITORY HIGHLIGHTS

New South Wales
  • Parklea - Kellyville Ridge, in Greater Sydney's north-west, had the largest growth of all SA2s in New South Wales in 2013-14 (up by 2,700 people), while Cobbitty - Leppington in Sydney's south-west had the fastest (up by 19%).
  • Eight of the ten most densely-populated SA2s in Australia were in Greater Sydney, led by Pyrmont - Ultimo at 15,000 people per sq km.


Victoria
  • Greater Melbourne had seven of the ten SA2s with the largest growth in Australia in 2013-14, led by South Morang in Melbourne's outer north which grew by 4,200 people.
  • Cranbourne East had the fastest growth in Victoria, increasing by 24%.


Queensland
  • Greater Brisbane grew by 1.7% in 2013-14 while the rest of Queensland grew by 1.3%, which was the fastest growth rate of all rest of state regions.
  • The SA2 of Deeragun in northern Queensland had the largest growth (up 1,500 people) outside of Australia's capitals, while Pimpama on the Gold Coast had the fastest (up by 17%).


South Australia
  • Seaford, a coastal SA2 in Greater Adelaide's south, had the largest growth in South Australia in the year to 2014, up by 750 people.
  • Munno Para West - Angle Vale had the fastest growth in the state, increasing by 7.5% to 9,900 people.


Western Australia
  • Greater Perth grew by 48,400 people and was the fastest-growing capital city in Australia in 2013-14, up by 2.5%.
  • Baldivis, in Greater Perth's south-west, had the largest growth in the state, increasing by 3,500 people.


Tasmania
  • Between 2013 and 2014, the population increased in all four of Tasmania's SA4s, with Hobart having the largest growth (up by 1,200 people).
  • Of all states and territories, Tasmania had the highest proportion of its population residing outside the Greater Capital City at June 2014 (57%).


Northern Territory
  • Rosebery - Bellamack and Lyons, both in Greater Darwin, were the fastest-growing SA2s in the Northern Territory in 2013-14, both up by 15%.
  • The SA2s with the largest growth in the Northern Territory were Rosebery - Bellamack (up by 760 people) and Palmerston South (520).


Australian Capital Territory
  • The population of the Australian Capital Territory's northern SA3s increased by 5,100 in the year to 2014, while the southern SA3s declined by 360 people.
  • The SA2s of Crace (up by 57%) and Casey (32%), in the northern SA3 of Gungahlin, had the fastest growth in the country in 2013-14.



CAPITAL CITY GROWTH

At June 2014, 15.6 million people, around two-thirds of Australia's population, lived in a Greater Capital City. The combined population of Greater Capital Cities increased by 289,000 people in the 12 months to 2014.

Melbourne had the largest growth of all Greater Capital Cities, increasing by 95,700 people, followed by Sydney (84,200), Perth (48,400) and Brisbane (38,500). Melbourne grew by an average of more than 1,800 people per week, while Sydney increased by over 1,600 people per week.

The population of Australia's Greater Capital Cities grew by 1.9%, faster than the rest of the country (1.0%). Perth had the fastest growth of all Greater Capital Cities, up by 2.5%, ahead of Darwin and Melbourne (both 2.2%). The slowest-growing Greater Capital City was Hobart, at 0.6%.


OUTER SUBURBAN GROWTH

Many areas which experienced strong growth were located on the fringes of capital cities, where more land tends to be available for subdivision and housing development. In the year to 2014, seven of the ten SA2s with the largest population growth in Australia were outer suburbs of Greater Melbourne. South Morang, on the northern outskirts of Melbourne, had the largest growth in the country, increasing by 4,200 people. Point Cook, on the south-western fringe, and Craigieburn - Mickleham in the north, also had large growth, increasing by 3,500 and 3,400 people respectively. The fastest growth in Victoria was in the outer suburbs of Cranbourne East (up by 24%), Truganina (17%) and Tarneit (12%).

In Western Australia, the SA2 of Baldivis on the south-western outskirts of Greater Perth, recorded the largest growth in the state (up by 3,500 people), followed by Ellenbrook in the north-east and Forrestdale - Harrisdale - Piara Waters in the south-east (both up by 2,400). Forrestdale - Harrisdale - Piara Waters also had the fastest growth in the state (up by 22%).

The SA2 in New South Wales with the largest population increase was Parklea - Kellyville Ridge in the north-west growth corridor of Greater Sydney, which grew by 2,700 people. Cobbitty - Leppington, which includes the expanding land releases around Oran Park in Sydney's south-west, had the fastest growth in the state, up by 19%.

In Queensland, the outer suburban SA2 of North Lakes - Mango Hill in the north of Greater Brisbane had the largest growth in the state, up by 2,200 people. Redbank Plains (up by 1,000 people) and Springfield Lakes (930), both in Ipswich, also recorded relatively large growth.

Outer suburban areas in the smaller capital cities also had some of the strongest growth in their states or territories. In the Australian Capital Territory, the newly developed northern suburbs of Crace (up by 57%) and Casey (32%) had the fastest growth in Australia. In South Australia, the largest and fastest growth was in the outer Adelaide SA2s of Seaford (up by 750 people or 3.6%) and Munno Para West - Angle Vale (690, or 7.5%). Rosebery - Bellamack on the outskirts of Greater Darwin added 760 people (up by 15%), giving it the largest and fastest growth in the Northern Territory. In Tasmania, outer suburban Margate - Snug had growth among the largest in the state, increasing by 110 people.


INNER-CITY GROWTH & URBAN INFILL

The inner-city SA2 of Waterloo - Beaconsfield in Greater Sydney had one of the largest population increases in Australia between 2013 and 2014, growing by 2,000 people. Other inner-city SA2s to experience large growth included Melbourne (up by 1,600 people), nearby Southbank (1,200), and Sydney - Haymarket - The Rocks (also 1,200).

Of all inner-city SA2s, the inner Melbourne area of Docklands was the fastest-growing, increasing by 9.9% to 8,200 people. The nearby SA2s of Abbotsford, South Yarra - East and Southbank also had fast growth, each increasing by more than 7.0%. Much of this growth can be attributed to strong infill development activity. Urban infill is the development of a site within an already-developed area, either by building housing on land that was previously vacant or used for non-residential purposes, or by replacing low-density housing with higher-density dwellings. Infill development is becoming more common on transport corridors, near commercial hubs, and in suburbs where there are older houses on large blocks of land.

In addition to some inner-city areas, urban infill contributed to strong population growth in 2013-14 in SA2s such as Parramatta - Rosehill (up by 1,900) and Concord West - North Strathfield (1,600) in New South Wales, and Dandenong and Footscray (both 790) in Victoria.


GROWTH ALONG THE COAST

Generally, the most prominent growth outside of capital cities between 2013 and 2014 occurred along the coast of Australia, particularly in Queensland. The SA2 of Deeragun, west of Townsville's central business district, had the largest increase outside of Australia's capitals, up by 1,500 people. This was followed by Upper Coomera - Willow Vale and Ormeau - Yatala on the Gold Coast, which grew by 1,100 and 900 people respectively. The fastest-growing SA2 in Queensland was Pimpama, also on the Gold Coast, which increased by 17%. This was the fastest growth in Australia outside of the country's capital cities.

In Western Australia, Busselton (up by 850 people), Australind - Leschenault (650) and Gelorup - Dalyellup - Stratham (520), all on the state's south-west coast, had relatively large growth.

The coastal SA2 of Ocean Grove - Barwon Heads near Geelong had the largest growth in Victoria outside of Greater Melbourne, up by 810 people, while nearby Highton increased by 720 people.

In New South Wales, Shellharbour - Flinders in the Illawarra region recorded an increase of 680 people.


GROWTH IN INLAND AREAS

Some inland SA2s outside of capital cities had relatively large growth in the 12 months to 2014, especially those in and around regional centres. In Victoria, this was the case in Wodonga on the Victoria - New South Wales border (up by 670 people), Ballarat - South (570), and White Hills - Ascot in Bendigo (540).

Other inland areas to experience relatively large growth included the SA2s of Orange - North (up by 480 people), Griffith (410) and Albury - East (400) in New South Wales.


POPULATION DECLINE

Many of the largest population declines in 2013-14 were in Australia's regional areas. The largest decline was recorded in the Northern Territory SA2 of Nhulunbuy (down by 570 people), however a number of SA2s with the biggest declines were in Western Australia. These included Derby - West Kimberley (down by 520), Kalgoorlie (down by 270) and Leinster - Leonora (down by 250).

Other regional SA2s with relatively large declines included Grafton (down by 180) in New South Wales, Lorne - Anglesea (down by 170) in Victoria and West Coast (down by 140) in Tasmania.

A number of long-established areas within Australia's capital cites also declined in population. One explanation for this is that the population of these areas has aged and as households have moved through the life cycle, they have reduced in size as children have moved away from home.

In the Australian Capital Territory, a number of older suburbs in the Tuggeranong region experienced decline including Kambah (down by 210), Wanniassa (down by 140) and Calwell (down by 130). In Greater Melbourne there were declines in the established outer- and middle-ring suburbs of Hoppers Crossing - South (down by 130 people), Ferntree Gully and Yarra Valley (both down by 100). Claymore - Eagle Vale - Raby, in Greater Sydney's outer south-west, experienced a decline of 140 people, while Capalaba in Greater Brisbane's south-east decreased by 110 people.


POPULATION CHANGE BY REMOTENESS AREAS

The Remoteness Structure of the Australian Statistical Geography Standard identifies five Remoteness Area categories for Australia, ranging from Major Cities to Very Remote. As at June 2014, 71% of the population resided in Major Cities. In comparison, just 2.3% lived in Remote or Very Remote Australia. Major Cities were the fastest-growing type of Remoteness Area in Australia, up 1.8% in the year to June 2014. In contrast, Very Remote areas declined in population (down 0.4%).

Excluding the Australian Capital Territory, the states with the highest proportion of their population living in Major Cities were Western Australia and Victoria (both 77%), while Tasmania was the state with the highest proportion living in Inner Regional areas (66%), which includes Hobart. Of all the states and territories, the Northern Territory had the highest proportion in Outer Regional areas (57%), which includes Darwin, as well as Remote (20%) and Very Remote (22%) areas.

Within the states and territories (excluding the Australian Capital Territory), Major Cities had the fastest growth in New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland in 2013-14. In South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania, Inner Regional areas were the fastest-growing, while in the Northern Territory, Outer Regional areas grew the fastest.


ESTIMATED RESIDENT POPULATION BY REMOTENESS STRUCTURE(a)

ERP AT 30 JUNE
CHANGE
2014p
2013r-2014p
no.
no.
%

NSW
Major Cities
5 587 479
91 694
1.7
Inner Regional
1 444 089
14 718
1.0
Outer Regional
447 447
2 573
0.6
Remote
31 004
175
0.6
Very Remote
8 453
-25
-0.3
Total
7 518 472
109 135
1.5
Vic.
Major Cities
4 486 398
96 402
2.2
Inner Regional
1 106 147
10 904
1.0
Outer Regional
244 612
-572
-0.2
Remote
4 510
-74
-1.6
Total
5 841 667
106 660
1.9
Qld
Major Cities
2 935 011
49 235
1.7
Inner Regional
956 692
13 312
1.4
Outer Regional
691 778
7 922
1.2
Remote
79 547
-179
-0.2
Very Remote
59 419
245
0.4
Total
4 722 447
70 535
1.5
SA
Major Cities
1 238 937
12 443
1.0
Inner Regional
183 326
2 103
1.2
Outer Regional
202 671
411
0.2
Remote
45 848
209
0.5
Very Remote
14 932
50
0.3
Total
1 685 714
15 216
0.9
WA
Major Cities
1 979 082
45 901
2.4
Inner Regional
235 102
7 445
3.3
Outer Regional
188 799
759
0.4
Remote
104 868
998
1.0
Very Remote
65 538
-721
-1.1
Total
2 573 389
54 382
2.2
Tas.
Inner Regional
338 315
1 420
0.4
Outer Regional
165 997
358
0.2
Remote
8 061
-116
-1.4
Very Remote
2 389
-
-
Total
514 762
1 662
0.3
NT
Outer Regional
140 386
3 033
2.2
Remote
49 882
-51
-0.1
Very Remote
54 811
-444
-0.8
Total
245 079
2 538
1.0
ACT
Major Cities
384 286
3 783
1.0
Inner Regional
1 710
922
117.0
Total
385 996
4 705
1.2
Australia(b)
Major Cities
16 611 193
299 458
1.8
Inner Regional
4 265 789
50 827
1.2
Outer Regional
2 081 690
14 484
0.7
Remote
323 720
962
0.3
Very Remote
208 344
-863
-0.4
Total
23 490 736
364 868
1.6

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) See paragraphs 17, 18 and 20 of the Explanatory Notes.
(b) Includes Other Territories.


POPULATION DENSITY

Population density varies greatly across Australia. Australia's population density at June 2014 was 3.1 people per square kilometre (sq km), compared with 3.0 at June 2013. Among the states and territories, the Australian Capital Territory had the highest population density, at 160 people per sq km, followed by Victoria (26), New South Wales (9.4), and Tasmania (7.6). The remaining states and territories all had population densities below the Australian figure, with the Northern Territory having the lowest at just 0.2 people per sq km.

Population density at June 2014 was highest within Greater Capital Cities, particularly in Sydney. Eight of the ten most densely-populated SA2s in the country were in Sydney, including Pyrmont - Ultimo, which had the highest, at 15,000 people per sq km, Potts Point - Woolloomooloo (13,700), Darlinghurst (13,400) and Surry Hills (13,300). These areas all surround Sydney's central business district.

Within Greater Melbourne, the SA2s with the greatest population densities were inner-city Melbourne (13,000 people per sq km) and neighbouring Carlton (9,500). In Greater Brisbane, New Farm (6,400 people per sq km) and nearby Kangaroo Point (6,200) had the highest population densities.

At the other end of the scale, around 200 SA2s in Australia had population densities of less than 1 person per sq km, the majority of which were in Queensland (46 SA2s), Western Australia (43) and New South Wales (38). The Northern Territory had the highest proportion of SA2s with less than 1 person per sq km, at 26%, followed by Western Australia (17%).

The inner-city SA2 of Melbourne had the largest increase in population density in 2013-14, adding an extra 670 people per sq km. This was followed by Pyrmont - Ultimo (up by 630 people per sq km) in inner Sydney, and Crace (also up by 630), a newly developed suburb of Canberra.

POPULATION DENSITY BY SA2, Australia - June 2014
Diagram: POPULATION DENSITY BY SA2, Australia - June 2014



CENTRE OF POPULATION

The centre of population is one way in which the spatial distribution of Australia's population can be summarised. This point marks the average latitude and longitude around which the population is distributed.

Australia's centre of population at June 2014 was 27 kilometres east of the small service town of Ivanhoe in western New South Wales. This location reflects the concentration of population in south-east Australia. The centre of population moved 28 kilometres north-west between 2004 and 2014. This shift reflects rapid population growth in Queensland and Western Australia over this period.


CENTRE OF POPULATION Australia - June 2004 and June 2014
Diagram: CENTRE OF POPULATION Australia - June 2004 and June 2014

ESTIMATED RESIDENT POPULATION, States and Territories - Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (GCCSAs)

ERP AT 30 JUNE
CHANGE
2014p
2013r-2014p
GCCSA
no.
no.
%

NSW
Greater Sydney
4 840 628
84 230
1.8
Rest of NSW
2 677 844
24 905
0.9
Total
7 518 472
109 135
1.5
Vic.
Greater Melbourne
4 440 328
95 655
2.2
Rest of Vic.
1 401 339
11 005
0.8
Total
5 841 667
106 660
1.9
Qld
Greater Brisbane
2 274 560
38 516
1.7
Rest of Qld
2 447 887
32 019
1.3
Total
4 722 447
70 535
1.5
SA
Greater Adelaide
1 304 631
13 254
1.0
Rest of SA
381 083
1 962
0.5
Total
1 685 714
15 216
0.9
WA
Greater Perth
2 021 203
48 354
2.5
Rest of WA
552 186
6 028
1.1
Total
2 573 389
54 382
2.2
Tas.
Greater Hobart
219 243
1 247
0.6
Rest of Tas.
295 519
415
0.1
Total
514 762
1 662
0.3
NT
Greater Darwin
140 386
3 033
2.2
Rest of NT
104 693
-495
-0.5
Total
245 079
2 538
1.0
Australian Capital Territory
385 996
4 705
1.2
Other Territories
3 210
35
1.1
Australia(a)
Greater Capital City
15 626 975
288 994
1.9
Rest of Australia
7 863 761
75 874
1.0
Total
23 490 736
364 868
1.6

(a) Includes Other Territories.



SA3s WITH LARGEST AND FASTEST POPULATION GROWTH IN 2013-2014

ERP AT 30 JUNE
CHANGE
2014p
2013r-2014p
National rank & SA3(a) GCCSA
no.
no.
%

LARGEST GROWTH

1 WyndhamGreater Melbourne
205 571
11 131
5.7
2 Whittlesea - WallanGreater Melbourne
201 497
8 564
4.4
3 Casey - SouthGreater Melbourne
151 789
7 362
5.1
4 WannerooGreater Perth
185 843
7 300
4.1
5 Sydney Inner CityGreater Sydney
203 774
6 407
3.2
6 Melbourne CityGreater Melbourne
122 190
5 847
5.0
7 Melton - Bacchus MarshGreater Melbourne
145 180
5 347
3.8
8 Tullamarine - BroadmeadowsGreater Melbourne
152 012
5 336
3.6
9 SwanGreater Perth
124 203
5 053
4.2
10 RockinghamGreater Perth
125 889
4 866
4.0
11 GungahlinAustralian Capital Territory
61 822
4 801
8.4
12 ParramattaGreater Sydney
142 837
4 261
3.1
13 Ormeau - OxenfordRest of Qld
111 022
4 139
3.9
14 Bringelly - Green ValleyGreater Sydney
92 079
4 092
4.7
15 StirlingGreater Perth
207 907
3 905
1.9
16 ArmadaleGreater Perth
77 586
3 869
5.2
17 Springfield - RedbankGreater Brisbane
79 145
3 715
4.9
18 North LakesGreater Brisbane
63 317
3 705
6.2
19 Blacktown - NorthGreater Sydney
87 601
3 397
4.0
20 BankstownGreater Sydney
175 234
3 230
1.9

FASTEST GROWTH(b)

1 GungahlinAustralian Capital Territory
61 822
4 801
8.4
2 Serpentine - JarrahdaleGreater Perth
22 757
1 439
6.8
3 North LakesGreater Brisbane
63 317
3 705
6.2
4 WyndhamGreater Melbourne
205 571
11 131
5.7
5 ArmadaleGreater Perth
77 586
3 869
5.2
6 PalmerstonGreater Darwin
33 949
1 691
5.2
7 Casey - SouthGreater Melbourne
151 789
7 362
5.1
8 KwinanaGreater Perth
36 145
1 735
5.0
9 Melbourne CityGreater Melbourne
122 190
5 847
5.0
10 Springfield - RedbankGreater Brisbane
79 145
3 715
4.9
11 Bringelly - Green ValleyGreater Sydney
92 079
4 092
4.7
12 Whittlesea - WallanGreater Melbourne
201 497
8 564
4.4
13 CamdenGreater Sydney
59 795
2 433
4.2
14 SwanGreater Perth
124 203
5 053
4.2
15 WannerooGreater Perth
185 843
7 300
4.1
16 Blacktown - NorthGreater Sydney
87 601
3 397
4.0
17 RockinghamGreater Perth
125 889
4 866
4.0
18 Ormeau - OxenfordRest of Qld
111 022
4 139
3.9
19 Melton - Bacchus MarshGreater Melbourne
145 180
5 347
3.8
20 Stonnington - WestGreater Melbourne
63 200
2 302
3.8

(a) National Rank based on population change between June 2013 and June 2014. See paragraphs 25 and 26 of the Explanatory Notes.
(b) Excludes SA3s with a population of less than 1,000 at June 2013.



SA3s WITH LARGEST AND FASTEST POPULATION DECLINES IN 2013-2014

ERP AT 30 JUNE
CHANGE
2014p
2013r-2014p
National rank & SA3(a) GCCSA
no.
no.
%

LARGEST DECLINES

1 TuggeranongAustralian Capital Territory
86 841
-1 171
-1.3
2 GoldfieldsRest of WA
44 536
-804
-1.8
3 East ArnhemRest of NT
15 914
-593
-3.6
4 Murray River - Swan HillRest of Vic.
36 811
-574
-1.5
5 BelconnenAustralian Capital Territory
96 961
-459
-0.5
6 KimberleyRest of WA
39 099
-387
-1.0
7 Glenelg - Southern GrampiansRest of Vic.
35 330
-367
-1.0
8 Weston CreekAustralian Capital Territory
23 271
-367
-1.6
9 GrampiansRest of Vic.
58 923
-359
-0.6
10 Wangaratta - BenallaRest of Vic.
44 492
-155
-0.3

FASTEST DECLINES

1 East ArnhemRest of NT
15 914
-593
-3.6
2 Fyshwick - Pialligo - HumeAustralian Capital Territory
1 480
-27
-1.8
3 GoldfieldsRest of WA
44 536
-804
-1.8
4 Weston CreekAustralian Capital Territory
23 271
-367
-1.6
5 Murray River - Swan HillRest of Vic.
36 811
-574
-1.5
6 TuggeranongAustralian Capital Territory
86 841
-1 171
-1.3
7 Glenelg - Southern GrampiansRest of Vic.
35 330
-367
-1.0
8 KimberleyRest of WA
39 099
-387
-1.0
9 GrampiansRest of Vic.
58 923
-359
-0.6
10 West CoastRest of Tas.
18 378
-108
-0.6

(a) National rank based on population change between June 2013 and June 2014. See paragraphs 25 and 26 of the Explanatory Notes.