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All states and territories recorded positive population growth over the 12 months ended 30 September 2009. Western Australia recorded the fastest growth rate (2.9%), followed by Queensland (2.7%), the Northern Territory (2.3%), Victoria (2.2%), the Australian Capital Territory (1.9%), New South Wales (1.7%), South Australia (1.3%) and Tasmania (1.0%).
COMPONENTS OF POPULATION CHANGE
At the state and territory level, population growth has three components: natural increase, net overseas migration and net interstate migration.
Although all states and territories experienced positive population growth in the year ended 30 September 2009, the proportion that each of these components contributed to population growth varied between the states and territories.
As illustrated in the graph above, for the year ended 30 September 2009, natural increase was the major component of population growth in the Northern Territory at 55% (2,800 persons) and Tasmania at 51% (2,500 persons) for the year ended 30 September 2009.
Estimates of births and deaths are subject to fluctuations caused by lags or accumulations in the reporting of births deaths registrations (for more information see paragraphs 10-11 of the Explanatory Notes).
The total number of births registered for the 12 months ended 30 September 2009 increased in Queensland (9.7%), the Australian Capital Territory (2.9%) and Western Australia (1.1%) compared with the previous year. Declines in the number of births registered were recorded in New South Wales (minus 7.5%) and the Nothern Territory (minus 4.2%). The remaining states and territories remained relatively stable compared with the previous year.
The total number of deaths registered for the 12 months ended 30 September 2009 increased in Victoria (1.9%) and Tasmania (1.4%) compared with the previous year. Declines in the number of deaths registered were recorded in the Northern Territory (minus 7.0%) and the Australian Capital Territory (minus 1.6%). The remaining states and territories remained relatively stable compared with the previous year.
Net Overseas Migration
All states and territories recorded positive net overseas migration (NOM) for the year ended 30 September 2009. NOM was the major component of population growth for South Australia at 85% (17,700 persons), New South Wales at 76% (89,100 persons), Victoria at 70% (82,100 persons), Western Australia at 66% (42,500 persons), the Australian Capital Territory at 61% (4,000 persons) and Queensland at 50% (58,100 persons).
Net Interstate Migration
Queensland recorded the highest positive net interstate migration for the year ended 30 September 2009 with a gain of 16,000 persons. Other states and territories that recorded positive net interstate migration were Western Australia (3,400 persons), Victoria (990 persons), the Northern Territory (520 persons) and Tasmania (410 persons). Negative net interstate migration was recorded in New South Wales with a loss of 16,700 persons, South Australia with 4,000 persons and the Australian Capital Territory with 620 persons.
Interstate migration, Arrivals, Departures and Net - States and territories - Year ended 30 September 2009
For the 12 months ended 30 September 2009, Australia's population growth rate (2.1%) was almost double that of the world (1.1%). Australia is now growing at a faster rate than many countries including the Philippines (2.0%), Malaysia (1.7%), India (1.4%), Indonesia and Viet Nam (both 1.1%), Singapore and the United States of America (both 1.0%), New Zealand (0.9%), Canada (0.8%), France (0.5%), China and Hong Kong (both 0.5%), the United Kingdom and the Republic of Korea (both 0.3%), Sweden (0.2%) and Greece (0.1%). Japan experienced a decrease in its population (-0.2%), while Italy recorded no population growth (0.0%). Papua New Guinea experienced a population growth rate equivalent to Australia (2.1%).
According to figures from the US Bureau of Census' International Data Bank of 227 countries, Australia's population ranked 55th in 2009 (stable from 55th in 2008) and is projected to rank 59th by 2050. By 2050, India is projected to have displaced China as the most populous country with 1.66 billion people compared with 1.30 billion in China.
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