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SEPTEMBER QTR KEY POINTS
ESTIMATED RESIDENT POPULATION
POPULATION GROWTH RATES
Estimated resident population (ERP) data in this publication are based on the 2001 Census of Population and Housing (2001census). Exceptions are tables 8 (excluding 2001 estimates), 16, 17 and 18 which are still based on the 1996 Census of Population and Housing (1996 census).
CHANGES IN THIS ISSUE
The layout and content of this publication has changed. The major changes are detailed below.
ERP DATA STATUS
At any point in time this publication contains final, revised and preliminary ERP data. The status of the ERP data included in this issue is as follows:-
DATA NOT YET AVAILABLE
Data not yet available in this issue are as follows:-
The preliminary estimated resident population (ERP) of Australia at September 2003 was 19,941,300 persons, an increase of 249,800 since September 2002 and 59,900 since June 2003. The national growth rate during the 12 months ended September 2003 was 1.3%,an increase of 0.1% from the growth rate for the previous 12 months.
COMPONENTS OF AUSTRALIA'S POPULATION CHANGE
The growth of Australia's population has two components; natural increase (the number of births minus the number of deaths) and net overseas migration (net permanent and long-term movement plus the migration adjustment).
Natural increase in September quarter 2003 was 27,700 persons, a 13% decrease on June quarter 2003, but a 12% increase on September quarter 2002. The number of births registered in September quarter 2003 (64,800) was 2% higher than in June quarter 2003 (63,500) and September quarter 2002 (63,700). However, the number of deaths in September quarter 2003 (37,100) was 17% higher than in June quarter 2003 (31,700), but 5% lower than in September quarter 2002 (38,900).
Natural increase for the year ended September 2003 was 118,200 persons, an increase of 4% on the number recorded in the year ended September 2002 (113,300). Births contributed 249,100 babies and deaths removed 130,900 persons from the population in the year ended September 2003.
Net overseas migration
Preliminary net overseas migration was 32,100 persons in the September quarter 2003, an increase of 46%from the number recorded in the June quarter 2003 (22,100). During the September quarter 2003 there were 111,100 permanent and long-term arrivals and 79,000 permanent and long-term departures after migration adjustments.
The ABS applies a number of adjustments to the overseas arrivals and departures data used to produce estimates of net overseas migration (NOM). These mainly comprise adjustments designed to reflect differences between stated travel intentions and actual travel behaviour, but (in the case of revised NOM estimates) also include adjustments to transform numbers of overseas movements into numbers of travellers. Until recently, adjustments used by ABS to produce NOM estimates were collectively referred to as 'category jumping adjustments'. They are now referred to more simply as 'migration adjustments'.
For more information see the Technical Note - Measuring Net Overseas Migration on page 33.
STATE AND TERRITORIES
The population of Australia's states and territories at September 2003 was as follows: New South Wales 6,699,300, Victoria 4,933,600, Queensland 3,817,000, South Australia1,529,400, Western Australia 1,959,700, Tasmania 478,400, Northern Territory 198,600 and the Australian Capital Territory 322,600.
Consistent with the recommendations of the Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters, from this issue estimates of the population of each of the Other Territories will be listed separately in the Key Figures of this publication. The population of these Territories continue to be included in the Australian totals (see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes).
With the exception of the Australian Capital Territory all states and the Northern Territory recorded positive growth in the September quarter. Queensland recorded the highest growth (0.5%) followed by Western Australia (0.4%), Victoria and Tasmania (each 0.3%), New South Wales (0.2%), South Australia and the Northern Territory (each 0.1%). The Australian Capital Territory recorded a loss (-0.1%), mainly due to increased interstate migration losses (-900 persons) in the September quater 2003, compared with the loss of 500 persons in June quarter 2003.
For the year ended September 2003 all states and territories recorded a positive growth rate. The highest growth rate was recorded by Queensland (2.3%) followed by Western Australia (1.5%). The lowest growth rate was recorded by the Northern Territory (0.2%).
With the exception of Queensland, Western Australia and Tasmania, all states and territories experienced a net loss through interstate migration in the September quarter 2003. Queensland had a gain of 9,100 persons while Tasmania increased by 800 persons. Western Australia recorded a net gain through interstate migration for the first time since March quarter 1999 increasing by 200 persons. New South Wales recorded the largest net loss through interstate migration (-7,600), followed by the Australian Capital Territory (-900), the Northern Territory (-800), South Australia (-700) and Victoria (-300).
For the year ended September 2003 all states and territories, with the exception of Queensland, Tasmania and Victoria, recorded a net loss through interstate migration. Queensland had the highest gain of 38,500 persons, followed by Tasmania (2,700) while Victoria experienced little change with an increase of just 40 persons. New South Wales lost the largest number of persons (-32,200), followed by the NorthernTerritory (-3,200), South Australia (-2,200), the Australian Capital Territory (-2,000) and Western Australia (-1,600).
NET INTERSTATE MIGRATION, States and territories
(b) Differences between total growth and the sum of natural increase and net migration during 1996-2001 are due to intercensal discrepancy.
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