Asthma is a disease which causes narrowing of the airways into the lung causing breathing difficulties. In 2009, Asthma (J45-J46) was the underlying cause for 411 registered deaths, or 0.3% of all deaths. Asthma was identified as either an underlying cause or associated cause of death for 1,344 deaths registered in 2009.
The standardised death rate for asthma was 1.7 per 100,000 population in 2009, a decrease from 2.4 per 100,000 population in 2000. The standardised death rate for males in 2009 was 1.3 per 100,000 and 2.0 per 100,000 for females.
Median age at death for deaths due to asthma was 73.1 years for males, 80.2 years for females and 77.9 years overall. The potential life lost due to asthma deaths was 1,957 years for males and 2,494 years for females.
In 98.5% of cases where asthma was the underlying cause of death, it was not specified whether this was attributed to allergic or non-allergic asthma. Asthma was the underlying cause of death for almost twice as many females as males in 2009 with 46 male deaths for every 100 female deaths.