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CHAPTER 4 SOCIO-ECONOMIC OBJECTIVE
Sector E Expanding Knowledge is for the categorisation of R&D which does not have an identifiable socio-economic objective. This is usually the case for pure basic research or strategic basic research, as defined in the Type of Activity classification. Applied research and experimental development, by definition, have an identified socio-economic objective and therefore should not be categorised in this sector.
PRINCIPLES FOR RECOGNISING SOCIO-ECONOMIC OBJECTIVES OF RESEARCH
The conceptual framework adopted for the development of the SEO uses R&D activities according to the objective or outcome of the research undertaken, rather than the processes and techniques used in the R&D.
The development started with the ASRC 1998, and identified research categories that reported very little funding in the past three ABS R&D surveys were either merged with other categories or deleted, but only in consultation with experts in the respective areas. Alternatively, Divisions or Groups which are highly active, as judged by experts and evidenced in ABS surveys, and able to be split further have been disaggregated into new Groups and Objectives allowing for greater detail of data to be collected. Additionally, research objectives identified by experts as emerging and significant have been added.
In parallel, research categories significant in New Zealand assembled by Statistics NZ from consultations with their stakeholders have been incorporated.
GUIDELINES FOR CLASSIFYING BY SEO
Consistent use of the following general procedures should ensure consistent and successful use of the classification among users.
A research project or research program should first be considered in its broadest sense and in terms of the dominant beneficiary of the research output at the conclusion of the research project or research program. A research project or research program is to be allocated to a SEO objective in a hierarchical manner. This is achieved by:
Many R&D projects will be a homogeneous body of work directed towards a specific objective. These are more straightforward to categorise. However, if the project or program is sufficiently large or complex (in terms of research areas) then multiple fields should be selected and attributed with a proportion of resources relative to the project's or program's total R&D expenditure. If the disaggregation is difficult, consideration of relative importance may indicate a primary objective only (whether a specific or more general subject focus).
Where a defined objective cannot be identified within a group for a research project or research program, the 'not elsewhere classified' category at the objective level is to be used.
SEO SECTOR AND DIVISION CODES AND TITLES
Sector A: Defence
Sector B: Economic Development
83 Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
84 Mineral Resources (excl. Energy Resources)
89 Information and Communication Services
90 Commercial Services and Tourism
91 Economic Framework
Sector C: Society
93 Education and Training
94 Law, Politics and Community Services
95 Cultural Understanding
Sector D: Environment
Sector E: Expanding Knowledge
At times it can be useful to view groupings of research objectives from alternative perspectives, which do not align with the SEO's division structure.
ALTERNATIVE GROUPINGS OF SEO OBJECTIVES
Besides the primary structure, alternative groupings are provided to aid the understanding of research from different cultural perspectives which are unique to Australia and New Zealand.
The following alternative groupings of selected SEO objectives are provided here:
Definition of Pacific Peoples
Note: "Pacific peoples" are those people who identify with or feel they belong to one or more Pacific ethnicities. The term applies to a person who has emigrated from one of the lesser islands of the Pacific to Australia or New Zealand, or one of their descendants born in Australia or New Zealand. While the majority of these people originate from Polynesia, others come from Micronesia and Melanesia. This definition excludes Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders, and New Zealand Maori.
ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER OUTCOMES
920302 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health - Health Status and Outcomes
920303 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health - Health System Performance (incl. Effectiveness of Interventions)
939901 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Education
940102 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Development and Welfare
950302 Conserving Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage
920305 Maori Health - Health Status and Outcomes
920306 Maori Health - Health System Performance (incl. Effectiveness of Interventions)
939905 Maori Education
940114 Maori Development and Welfare
950301 Ahuatanga Maori (Maori Tradition)
950308 Matauranga Maori (Maori Knowledge)
950309 Taonga (Maori Artefacts)
950310 Tikanga Maori (Maori Customary Practices)
950311 Wahi Taonga (Maori Places of Significance)
PACIFIC PEOPLES OUTCOMES
920308 Pacific Peoples Health - Health Status and Outcomes
920309 Pacific Peoples Health - Health System Performance (incl. Effectiveness of Interventions)
939906 Pacific Peoples Education
940115 Pacific Peoples Development and Welfare
950306 Conserving Pacific Peoples Heritage
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