Certain health conditions and diseases make a significant contribution to the burden of illness and injury in the Australian community. For example, selected health conditions and diseases - Arthritis, Asthma, Cancer, Cardiovascular Health, Diabetes, Injury Prevention and Control, Mental Health and Obesity - accounted for 77.7% of all underlying causes of death in 2009 and were either associated with or the underlying cause of 90.8% of deaths.
In this section, focussed attention has been given to these selected causes of death, given their significant contribution to mortality in Australia. This information is provided to supplement analysis of leading causes, underlying causes of death and multiple causes of death provided in previous chapters of this publication. Further detail provided here includes Standardised Death Rates (SDR) and Years of Potential Life Lost (YPLL). In this chapter SDRs have been calculated using the direct method of standardisation. For further information see Explanatory Notes 42-45 and refer to the Glossary.