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ATTAINMENT OF A NON-SCHOOL QUALIFICATION
In 2011, more women aged 25-29 years (67%) had attained a formal qualification at the Certificate level III or above compared to men of the same age (60%). The proportion of women aged 25-29 years who had attained a Bachelor Degree or above (41%) was also higher than for men (30%).
Education contributes to economic growth and improves individual wellbeing. Higher levels of educational attainment are associated with increased employment opportunities and higher wage rates. (Endnote 1) Attainment of a non-school qualification (vocational or higher education qualification) also has a number of benefits. It allows individuals to engage with society, and may lead to fulfilling and rewarding careers. (Endnote 2)
ATTAINMENT OF A FORMAL QUALIFICATION AT CERTIFICATE III OR ABOVE
The formal qualification at Certificate III or above includes attainment of a Certificate III, Certificate IV, Diploma, an Advanced Diploma, Bachelor Degree, Graduate Diploma, Graduate Certificate, or Postgraduate Degree.
The changes over time in male and female attainment of a formal qualification at the Certificate level III or above may be a good indicator of how gender roles are changing over time in Australia. From 2002 to 2011, the proportion of females aged 25-29 years attaining a qualification at Certificate III or above rose 18 percentage points compared to a rise of 6 percentage points for males.
For the 30-34 year age group the proportion of women who had attained a formal qualification at Certificate III or above was 63% in 2011, up from 44% in 2002, while for men the proportion rose from 55% in 2002 to 64% in 2011.
In 2011, 57% of men and 56% of women aged 15-64 years held a non-school qualification. The proportion of men aged 15-64 years with a non-school qualification rose from 54% in 2004, reflecting an increase in the proportion of men with a Bachelor Degree or above. For women in this age group, the proportion with a non-school qualification rose from 48% in 2004, with the largest increase (around 4 percentage points) in those with Certificate III or IV, or with a Bachelor Degree or above.
In 2011, the most common main field of highest non-school qualification for women was Management and Commerce (29%), followed by Society and Culture (19%), Health (16%), and Education (11%). For men the most common main field was Engineering and Related Technologies (31%), followed by Management and Commerce (19%), Architecture and Building (11%), and Society and Culture (9%).
ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER PEOPLES
Education has been a major focus in the strategy to ‘close the gap’ between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians and non-Indigenous Australians. (Endnote 3)
In 2008, about a third of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander men and women aged 15-64 years had attained a non-school qualification, up from 27% in 2002. For those aged 25-29 years, 26% of men and 23% of women had attained a Certificate III or above in 2008.
By 2008 the proportions of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women with a Certificate III or IV qualification had risen by six percentage points, compared to 2002.
1. Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2008, Australian Social Trends, 2008 (cat. no. 4102.0) <www.abs.gov.au>.
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