This publication summarises the general health, long-term health conditions and health risk factors of Australians for each State and Territory from the 2014-15 National Health Survey.
In 2014-15, over half (56.2%) of Australians aged 15 years and over considered themselves to be in excellent or very good health with the highest rate in Western Australia (60.8%).
Rates of high or very high levels of psychological distress ranged from 7.8% in Northern Territory to 13.7% in South Australia and one in nine (11.7%) in Australia.
Long-term health conditions
SELECTED LONG-TERM HEALTH CONDITIONS EXPERIENCED IN AUSTRALIA IN 2014-15
Selected long-term health condition
3.5 million people (15.3%)
8.6% in Northern Territory
23.4% in Tasmania
2.5 million people (10.8%)
8.2% in Northern Territory
12.6% in Tasmania
370,100 people (1.6%)
0.9% in Northern Territory
2.0% in Queensland
1.2 million people (5.1%)
4.3% in Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory
5.6% in New South Wales and South Australia
4.4 million people (19.4%)
11.9% in Northern Territory
25.9% in Australian Capital Territory
1.2 million people (5.2%)
2.8% in Northern Territory
7.7% in Tasmania
1.6 million people (7.1%)
4.4% in Northern Territory
9.4% in Tasmania
2.6 million people (11.3%)
6.6% in Northern Territory
16.4% in Tasmania
203,400 people (0.9%)
0.7% in Queensland
1.5% in Tasmania
6.6 million people (28.9%)
21.7% in Western Australia
33.1% in Tasmania
Mental and behavioural conditions
4.0 million people (17.5%)
14.6% in Western Australia
20.8% in Tasmania
801,800 people (3.5%)
1.3% in Northern Territory
4.1% in New South Wales
5.9 million people (25.6%)
22.2% in Tasmania
31.5% in Australian Capital Territory
While the Tasmanian and Northern Territory rates may, in part, be explained by the age structure of their populations (e.g. the older Tasmanian and younger Northern Territory populations), the results were consistent even when differing age distributions were taken into account.
Tasmania had the highest rates of Arthritis, Asthma, Heart disease, Hypertension and Kidney disease.
The Northern Territory had the lowest rates of Arthritis, Asthma, Cancer, Hayfever , Heart disease, Hypertension and Osteoporosis.
Source(s): National Health Survey, 2014-15
Health risk factors
In 2014-15, over one in seven (14.5%) Australians aged 18 years and over were current daily smokers. The Northern Territory had the highest rate of current daily smokers (20.9%) compared with the lowest rate (12.4%) in the Australian Capital Territory.
Proportionally, more men than women were daily smokers (16.9% and 12.1%, respectively) except in the Australian Capital Territory where the proportion of male and female current daily smokers was the same (12.4%).
Current daily smokers men
Highest: Northern Territory (22.3%)
Lowest: Australian Capital Territory (12.4%)
Current daily smokers women
Highest: Northern Territory (18.1%)
Lowest: New South Wales (10.8%)
Overweight and obesity
In 2014-15, 63.4% of Australians aged 18 years and over were overweight or obese.
Tasmania had the highest rate of persons aged 18 years and over who were overweight or obese (67.5%), compared with Western Australia (60.3%) who had the lowest.
In 2014-15 the State and Territory rates of persons who were aged 18 years and over who were overweight or obese were similar to 2011-12, except for Western Australia where the rate decreased in 2014-15 compared with 2011-12 (65.6%).
PROPORTION OVERWEIGHT OR OBESE BY STATE AND TERRITORY (PERSONS AGED 18 YEARS AND OVER)
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory
Source(s): National Health Survey, 2014-15
Just over one in six (17.4%) Australians aged 18 years and over consumed more than the recommended two standard drinks per day on average (exceeding the National Health and Medical Research Council lifetime risk guidelines 2009).2 Western Australia had the highest rate (20.8%), while Victoria (15.6%) and the Australian Capital Territory (15.7%) had the lowest.
Rates of those who exceeded the lifetime risk guidelines of alcohol consumption were generally higher for men than women.
Lifetime risk men
Highest: Western Australia (31.4%)
Lowest: Australian Capital Territory (23.4%) and Victoria (23.6%)
Lifetime risk women
All States and Territories were similar to the national rate (9.3%).
Single Occasion risk
In 2014-15, 44.0% of Australians aged 18 years and over consumed more than 4 standard drinks at least once in the past year (exceeding the National Health and Medical Research Council single occasion risk guidelines 2009).1
Northern Territory had the highest proportion of persons aged 18 years and over who exceeded the single occasion risk guidelines (47.8%) compared with New South Wales and Victoria who had the lowest (42.5%).
Rates varied considerably by age and sex with males generally more likely to exceed the single occasion risk guidelines of alcohol than females.
Single Occasion risk men
Highest: Tasmania (60.9%) and Northern Territory (60.4%)
Lowest: Victoria (55.1%)
Single Occasion risk women
Highest: Western Australia (35.1%) and Northern Territory (34.7%)
Lowest: New South Wales (28.8%)
Just under 1 in 4 (23.0%) Australians aged 18 years and over had measured high blood pressure (systolic or diastolic blood pressure equal to or greater than 140/90 mmHg).2
Rates were highest in Tasmania (28.4%) compared with the Northern Territory (19.7%) who had the lowest.
Daily intake of fruit and vegetables
In 2014-15, 49.8% of Australians aged 18 years and over met the guidelines for recommended daily serves of fruit (2 or more serves), while 7.0% met the guidelines for recommended daily serves of vegetables (5-6 or more serves for men depending on age, and 5 or more for women). Only one in twenty (5.1%) Australians aged 18 years and over met both guidelines.3
Western Australia had the highest proportion of persons aged 18 years and over who met the guidelines for recommended daily serves of fruit (54.2%), while Tasmania and Northern Territory had the lowest (47.1% and 47.4% respectively).
Tasmania had the highest proportion of persons aged 18 years and over who met the guidelines for recommended daily serves of vegetables (11.6%), while the Australian Capital Territory had the lowest (5.0%).
Tasmania had the highest proportion of persons aged 18 years and over who met both guidelines (6.8%), while Australian Capital Territory had the lowest (3.8%).
Adequate fruit consumption men
Highest: Western Australia (49.3%)
Lowest: Tasmania (41.0%)
Adequate fruit consumption women
Highest: Western Australia (58.7%)
Lowest: Northern Territory (52.3%) and Australian Capital Territory (52.6%)
In 2014-15, 47.7% of Australians aged 18-64 years participated in sufficient physical activity in the last week (150 minutes of physical activity over five or more sessions per week including walking for fitness/transport, moderate and/or vigorous physical activity). Over one in three (37.4%) were insufficiently active (less than 150 minutes or less than 5 sessions in the last week) while 14.8% were inactive (no physical activity in the last week).
Rates varied by State and Territory with the highest proportion of persons aged 18-64 years who participated in sufficient physical activity in the ACT (55.5%), compared with the lowest in Tasmania (43.4%).