CAUSES OF DEATH OF PERSONS WHO ACCESSED MBS AND/OR PBS SUBSIDISED MENTAL HEALTH-RELATED TREATMENTS IN 2011
This section focusses on underlying causes of death of persons who accessed MBS and/or PBS subsidised mental health-related services or prescription medications (‘mental health-related treatments’) in 2011. Underlying cause of death refers to the disease or injury that initiated the train of events leading directly to death . Readers whose main interest is causes of death without reference to persons accessing mental health-related treatments should refer to Causes of Death, Australia (cat. no. 3303.0).
When considering causes of death it is important to note that the likelihood of particular causes of death change with age. For example, injury and infections account for a greater proportion of deaths amongst children compared with causes of death such as heart disease, cancer and dementia which account for a greater proportion of deaths amongst older persons. As the age structure of the population who accessed mental health-related treatments in 2011 is older than that of the total Australian population (with 28% being 65 years or older compared with 14% of the total Australian population), differences in causes of death between these populations are to some extent due to their different age structures.
Data are presented according to leading causes of death (that is, most common) amongst persons who accessed mental health-related treatments in 2011. Standardised death rates are also presented to allow comparisons of mortality between persons who accessed mental health-related treatments and the total Australian population. Cause-specific standardised death rates in this section are presented as the number of deaths per 100,000 population while all-cause standardised death rates are presented as the number of deaths per 1,000 population.
1 Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2015, Causes of Death, Australia, cat. no. 3303.0, viewed 24 August 2017, <https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/by%20Subject/3303.0~2015~Main%20Features~Stroke~10003>