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The Worldwide Governance Indicators report on six broad dimensions of governance:
GOVERNANCE AND OUR CHANGING WORLD
There are a range of events, pressures and drivers of change that have the potential to substantially affect wellbeing. In relation to governance systems, process and institutions, some examples of these factors include:
GOVERNANCE AND ACTIONS SUPPORTING WELLBEING
There are many ways that people, community groups, governments and other institutions can work to improve governance in Australia, particularly to improve an individual's capability to participate in their communities and in the decisions that affect their lives. Some examples include actions to:
BUT THIS IS NOT THE WHOLE STORY...
To gain a better understanding of governance in Australian society, look through the pages on:
Governance is an underdeveloped area of statistics. This is due to complexity, subjectivity, and the qualitative nature of the concepts governance statistics are trying to reflect. Below are a number of resources which provide information on governance measures.
World Bank, The Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) project reports aggregate and individual governance indicators for 215 economies over the period 1996–2013, for six dimensions of governance:
Australian Bureau of Statistics (2013), Measures of Australia’s Progress, 2013 (cat. no. 1370.0) - This publication is designed to help Australians address the question, 'Is life in Australia getting better?' Measures of Australia's Progress provides a digestible selection of measures in answer to this question. Australians can use this evidence to form their own view of how our country is progressing in four domains, including Governance.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), 2013, How’s Life? 2013 Measuring Well-being - This publication paints a comprehensive picture of well-being in OECD countries and other major economies, by looking at people’s material living conditions and quality of life across the population through a wide range of comparable wellbeing indicators, including indicators of Civic Engagement.
International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA), Democracy Assessment: The Basics of the International IDEA Assessment Framework
Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2010, Framework for Measuring Wellbeing: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (cat. no. 4703.0)- This framework maps statistical information about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, in the context of the interrelationships with their social and physical environments, including Citizenship and Governance.
United Nations Human Rights: Office of the High Commissioner (2012), Human Rights Indicators: A Guide to Measurement and Implementation.
United Nations Statistical Commission (2014), Report of Cabo Verde on Governance, Peace and Security Statistics - The Praia Group on Governance Statistics (the “Praia Group”) was created by the UN Statistical Commission to contribute to establishing international standards and methods for the compilation of statistics on the major dimensions of governance, and to collaborate with UN bodies and other organisations concerned with specific aspects of governance statistics. The overall objective of the proposed Praia Group is to encourage countries to produce governance statistics based on sound and documented methodologies.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Guidelines on the measurement of trust (expected 2017) will be developed by the OECD with the input of an expert advisory group. The aim is to develop a conceptual and statistical framework on the measurement of trust in institutions.
Participation in civil society. Civil society is 'the non-government and not-for-profit groups and organisations that have a presence in public life, expressing the interests of their members and others in society' (World Bank 2006).
Compulsory voting means that every eligible Australian citizen (18 years or older) is required by law to enrol and vote. If a person does not vote and is unable to provide a 'valid and sufficient' reason, a penalty is imposed. Compulsory voting is a distinctive feature of the Australian political culture.
Refers to legal, electoral/democratic processes, government processes and other processes or systems underlying societal governance.
Includes government institutions – such as parliament, the judiciary, the executive, government agencies and the public service – and private entities – such as businesses, companies, lobby groups, community organisations, the media, universities and research organisations.
The quality of public services and its independence from political pressures, the quality of policy formulation and implementation, and the credibility of the government’s commitment to its stated policies. (Worldwide Governance Indicators).
Involvement in civic and political groups
The proportion of people involved in civic and political groups, including the following:
Participation in management committees and functions, which involves making decisions about the direction and operation of an organisation. Examples include: sitting on a board, being an office bearer, being a member of the management board of a community welfare organisation, treasurer for the local church, managing a service or program, program planning.
The following key terms are from The World Bank, The Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) project.
Control of corruption
The extent to which public power is exercised for private gain, including both petty and grand forms of corruption, as well as "capture" of the state by elites and private interests.
Political Stability and Absence of Violence/Terrorism
The likelihood of political instability and/or politically motivated violence, including terrorism.
The ability of the government to formulate and implement sound policies and regulations that permit and promote private sector development.
Rule of law
The extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, and in particular the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the police, and the courts, as well as the likelihood of crime and violence.
Voice and accountability
The extent to which a country's citizens are able to participate in selecting their government, as well as freedom of expression, freedom of association, and a free media.
The World Bank, The Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) project.
Australian Bureau of Statistics (2013), Measures of Australia’s Progress, 2013 (cat. no. 1370.0).
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), 2013, How’s Life? 2013 Measuring Well-being.
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4160.0.55.001 - Frameworks for Australian Social Statistics, Jun 2015
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