2008.0 - Census of Population and Housing: Nature and Content, Australia, 2016  
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 20/08/2015   
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This topic provides information about the industries in which employed people aged 15 years and over worked, in the main job they held in the week before Census Night. Information on the geographic distribution of industries of employment is needed to monitor changes, and provide a basis for social and economic policy and planning.

Information on industry of employment is derived from information provided from three questions; Questions 40, 42 and 43.


A topic on the industry of a person’s employment has been included in all Censuses. Over time the industry classifications under which the responses are coded have been replaced, and each classification has also been periodically revised.

For the 2016 Census, industry responses will be coded to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 2006 Revision 2.0 (cat. no. 1292.0). This classification was first used with 2006 Census data, replacing the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 1993 (cat. no. 1292.0) which had been used in 2001. In 2006, dual coding of industry responses was undertaken to both these classifications. Also in 2006, the industry question was reworded to align industry responses more closely with the ANZSIC classification principles.

For the 2011 Census, minor updates were made to response categories for this topic to ensure consistency with categories in the 2006 ANZSIC. The term 'Pubs' was removed from the response category containing Cafes and restaurants and was replaced by the term 'take-aways'. The term take-aways was removed from the Retailing response categories.

Response options for Question 42 ("Which best describes the industry or business of the employer at the location where the person works?") were reviewed in the lead-up to the 2016 Census. The categories used previously (Manufacturing; Wholesaling; Retailing; Accommodation; Cafes, restaurants and take-aways; Road freight transport; House construction; Health service, Community care service, and Other) were removed and replaced by an open text box format, and corresponding examples used in the question were updated accordingly.

For the 2016 Census, the format of Question 42 has changed from mark boxes to an open text box; and for the first time targeted supplementary questions have been added to the online form.

A further refinement for the 2016 Census is the introduction of targeted supplementary questions in the online form which will clarify responses for this topic and facilitate more accurate coding to the lower levels of the classification. When a respondent uses a trigger word (e.g. education) in an answer, they will then be sequenced on to the supplementary questions for that topic.


The following questions are from the paper 2016 Household Form.

Image: questions 40, 42 and 43 from the paper 2016 Census Household Form.