COUNTRY OF BIRTH
Information on the countries of birth of people in Australia makes it possible to use Census data to examine the characteristics of first generation Australians. The inclusion of the country of birth topic in the Census enables the ABS to maintain the accuracy of the Estimated Resident Population by Birthplace series. Information on country of birth is critical in targeting assistance to migrants.
A question on a person’s country of birth has been included in every Australian Census. Before the 1981 Census, with the exception of the 1921 Census, respondents were asked to provide details of the state or territory of birth if born in Australia, or country of birth if born overseas. In 1921 and in Censuses since 1981, state or territory details have not been required.
The following question is from the paper 2016 Census Household Form.
The list of response categories for this question reflects those countries which were reported most often in the previous Census.