1367.0 - State and Territory Statistical Indicators, 2012  
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 12/06/2012  Final
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In South Australia in May 2012:

  • The trend unemployment rate was 5.2%, unchanged from the previous month and higher than the national rate of 5.1%
  • Of all states and territories, Tasmania reported the highest trend unemployment rate (7.3%), while the ACT reported the lowest (3.4%).

Graph Image for Unemployment Rate, SA

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How is the unemployment rate calculated?

The unemployment rate for any group is defined as the number of unemployed people expressed as a percentage of the labour force (employed plus unemployed). As a measure of the proportion of the labour force that is under-utilised, its most important use is as an indicator of the performance of the economy. A high rate of unemployment indicates limited employment opportunities in a labour market that is oversupplied. A low rate of unemployment indicates a tight labour market, potential scarcity of skilled labour, and future cost pressures from wage demands from workers.

The trend over time in the overall unemployment rate serves as an indicator of the performance of the economy, while the unemployment rate for different groups of people (e.g. younger people, older people, women) identifies areas of social concern when rates for some groups are much higher than for others.