1270.0.55.004 - Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS): Volume 4 - Significant Urban Areas, Urban Centres and Localities, Section of State, July 2016  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 09/10/2017   
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Key criteria for the Significant Urban Area (SUA) names are that they be:

    max of 40 characters
    must be unique within Australia.

A single Statistical Area Level 2 (SA2) SUA will be named after the Urban Centre:
    Alice Springs
    Mount Gambier

A multiple SA2 SUA will be named after the largest Urban Centre it contains:

Where a SUA represents a combination of two centres of comparable importance, it is named for both:
    Gladstone – Tannum Sands
    Kalgoorlie – Boulder

Where a SUA cross a State or Territory (S/T) border, it is named after the largest centre on each side:
    Gold Coast – Tweed Heads
    Canberra – Queanbeyan

Where an SUA represents a region with a widely recognised name, it is named for that region:
    Sunshine Coast