Local Government Areas (LGA)
The ASGS Local Government Areas are an ABS approximation of gazetted local government boundaries as defined by each State and Territory Local Government Department. Local Government Areas cover incorporated areas of Australia. Incorporated areas are legally designated parts of a State or Territory over which incorporated local governing bodies have responsibility. The major areas of Australia not administered by incorporated bodies are the northern parts of South Australia, and all of the Australian Capital Territory and the Other Territories. These regions are identified as ‘Unincorporated’ in the ASGS Local Government Areas structure.
More information on local governments can be found at the Australian Local Government Association website: http://www.alga.asn.au
The boundaries produced for Local Government Areas are constructed from allocations of whole Mesh Blocks. The ABS will review the Local Government Areas annually and changes will be applied by inclusion or exclusion of whole Mesh Blocks.
For the 2019 ASGS, there are 562 ABS defined Local Government Areas, including Unincorporated areas. The 2019 edition of LGAs is unchanged from the 2018 edition of LGAs.
Even though no change has been made since 2018, a geographic correspondence file enabling the translation of data from 2018 to 2019 LGAs is available in the downloads tab of this publication. Please note that the ABS is changing the format that we provide correspondences in. Previously correspondences were supplied in Microsoft Excel format, with the correspondence located across several sheets within the Excel file. Correspondences are now being delivered in CSV format, with all of the content from the correspondence being found in one location.
Local Government Area Names
Local Government Area names are abbreviated in this structure. A suffix also indicates the Local Government Area status. Examples of these include:
- City of Albury: Albury (C)
- District Council of Copper Coast: Copper Coast (DC)
Where the same Local Government Area name appears in different States or Territories, the State or Territory abbreviation appears in parenthesis after the name. Local Government Area names are therefore unique.
In all States and the Northern Territory each incorporated area has an official status. In this ASGS edition, the various Local Government Area status types include:
- New South Wales: Cities (C) and Areas (A)
- Victoria: Cities (C), Rural Cities (RC), Boroughs (B) and Shires (S)
- Queensland: Cities (C), Shires (S), Towns (T) and Regional Councils (R)
- South Australia: Cities (C), Rural Cities (RC), Municipalities/Municipal Councils (M), District Councils (DC), Regional Councils (RegC), Towns (T) and Aboriginal Councils (AC)
- Western Australia: Cities (C), Towns (T) and Shires (S)
- Tasmania: Cities (C) and Municipalities (M)
- Northern Territory: Cities (C), Towns (T), Municipalities (M) and Shires (S).
Local Government Area Coding Structure
Local Government Areas are identified by four digit codes. Codes are unique only within a State or Territory. For unique Australia-wide Local Government Area code identification, the four digit code must be preceded by the State or Territory code. All Local Government Area codes end with the digit 0.
The codes used for the 2019 Local Government Areas match those used in 2018, as there has been no change. Changes to codes occur where a Local Government Area is abolished or changes significantly. The previous code will be retired and the replacement Local Government Area will be given a new code.
Non-spatial special purpose codes are included as balancing items. Mesh Blocks allocated to these codes are not part of Local Government Area.
- LGA code 9799 is reserved for cases where people are coded to Migratory, Off-shore and Shipping Mesh Blocks.
- LGA code 9499 is reserved for cases where people are coded to No usual address Mesh Blocks.
|State Name||State Code||Local Government |
|Local Government Area Name|
|Queensland||3||31000 ||Brisbane (C) |
|Queensland||3||31750 ||Bulloo (S) |
|Queensland||3||31820 ||Bundaberg (R) |
|Queensland||3||31900 ||Burdekin (S) |
|Queensland||3||32080||Cairns (R) |
|Queensland||3||32250 ||Carpentaria (S) |
|Queensland||3||32260 ||Cassowary Coast (R) |
|Queensland||3||39799 ||Migratory - Offshore - Shipping (Qld)|
|Queensland||3||39499 ||No usual address (Qld) |