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1. Sex is a basic demographic variable used almost universally in statistical and administrative data collections relating to people. It differentiates any population in terms of male and female numbers and characteristics. The meaning, description and use of this concept is generally standard and consistent across Australian data sources. There have been and continue to be some variations in the name used for the concept ('gender' instead of 'sex') and in labels for and ordering of categories. For example 'Women' and 'Men' or 'Boys' and 'Girls' may be used instead of 'Males' and 'Females'.