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INCOME (RESPONDENT/CURRENT PARTNER/HOUSEHOLD)
Equivalised household income is derived by dividing the total household income by a factor equal to the sum of the equivalence points allocated to the household members. The equivalised income of a lone person household is the same as its unequivalised income. The equivalised income of a household comprising more than one person lies between the total value and the per capita value of its unequivalised income.
When unequivalised household income is negative, such as when a loss is reported for an individual's unincorporated business or other investment income, and this loss is greater than the positive income from other sources, then equivalised household income is set to 0.
Deciles are groupings that result from ranking all persons in the population in ascending order according to some characteristic, such as income, and then dividing the population into 10 equal groups, each comprising 10% of the estimated population. The first decile contains the lowest 10%, the second decile contains the next 10% and so on.
In the 2016 PSS, income deciles are calculated on the weighted population and output for:
In addition deciles for current partner gross weekly income were produced using the cut-offs calculated for personal gross weekly income.
Refer to Appendix 1: Income Deciles for income decile cut-offs applied.
Personal income and sources
To obtain personal gross weekly income, the respondent was asked about their source/s of income and total amount received based on the following:
Personal gross weekly income (i.e. pre-tax income) is output in single dollar values, or they may have responded that they did not know or did not wish to answer (refusal).
More than one source of income could be reported. A collective total amount of income received from all sources was requested as well as the time period the income covered.
Where a respondent indicated that they earned income from any of the following two sources they were asked to specify whether the income was a profit or loss;
The respondent was able to refuse or identify they didn’t know their income amount, and they were coded to this response.
Current partner income and sources
Where the respondent had a current partner living with them, they were also asked to provide their current partner’s source/s of income and amount/s received. This information is used to produce both current partner income and couple income. The collective total income received from all sources for the current partner was requested as well as the time period the income covered.
Where the respondent identified that their current partner’s earned income was from any of the two sources:
The respondent was able to refuse to provide their current partner’s income amount, and they were coded to a refusal category. Where a respondent was not sure about their current partner’s income amount, they were asked to provide their best estimate. In cases where this was not possible, income was identified as not known. Interviewers were instructed that they and the respondent were not to obtain the current partner’s income directly from the current partner. The response from the respondent was taken as the answer.
Income of other members in household
Respondents were also asked to provide information about the combined pre-tax income of all non-selected household members (excl. their current partner) aged 15 years and over.
Where a respondent was not sure about the combined income of other persons, they were asked to provide their best estimate. In cases where this was not possible, income was identified as not known. If the respondent refused to provide an amount, income was identified as refused.
Interviewers were instructed that they and the respondent were not to obtain the income amount from other persons in the household. The response from the respondent was taken as the answer.
Main source of income of household
Respondents were asked to think about all sources of income (including type of pension if applicable) coming into the household and provide the household’s main source of income (i.e. the household’s largest source of income). Both the respondent’s and current partner’s income source(s) were considered as part of providing this data.
The data items and related output categories for this topic for both respondent and current partner, are contained within the SPS Level – Income tab, or within the Household level tab (for household income) in the data item list which is available in Excel spreadsheet format from the Downloads tab of this product.
Data for this topic has been collected to provide further analytical possibilities around characteristics of people who experience violence. Current partner data for this topic can be used to provide further analytical possibilities about understanding the experiences and nature of domestic violence, including the characteristics of the victim and the perpetrator.
Data from this topic should not be used to only produce population estimates of income statistics. The data should only be used in conjunction with other data related to experiences of violence collected in this survey.
Points to be considered when interpreting data for this topic include the following:
COMPARABILITY WITH PREVIOUS SURVEYS
Personal gross weekly income, current partner weekly income, couple income, household income, and deciles are comparable with 2005 and 2012.
Due to different survey processing procedures performed in the Women’s Safety Survey (WSS) 1996, income data is not considered comparable with 2016.
Note: The 1996 WSS had a high level of imputation applied to the data, with 30% of the respondent's income and just over 50% of current partner income (for those with a current partner) not reported. In the PSS, incomes that have not been reported have been left as not reported. Therefore care should be taken if comparing income data from the PSS with the WSS. For more information on income imputation in the 1996 WSS, refer to the Women's Safety Survey: User Guide, 1996 (cat. no. 4129.0).
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