|Page tools: Print Page Print All|
All types of vegetables were included, but legumes were excluded. Tomatoes were included as a vegetable rather than a fruit.
A serve of fruit was defined as:
Fruit and vegetable juices were excluded.
Prompt cards were used to assist respondents in understanding the concept of a serve, showing pictorial representations. One prompt card showed three pictorial examples of single serves of different vegetables and another card showed three pictorial examples of single serves of fruit. If respondents had difficulty in reporting, interviewers were encouraged to prompt in terms of asking respondents about their usual consumption of vegetables and fruit at breakfast, lunch and dinner, and for snacks.
The National Health and Medical Research Councils Australian Dietary Guidelines have been released in 2003 and 2013. Data from the NATSIHS and NATSINPAS have been derived based on both of these guidelines for comparisons to previous survey results and future survey results.
Whether vegetable and fruit consumption met the recommended 2003 guidelines was derived for respondents 4 years and over according to the following numbers of servings (based on recommendations from the National Health and Medical Research Councils Australian Dietary Guidelines (2003).
Note that the following modifications have been made to those presented in the Guidelines:
Whether vegetable and fruit consumption met the recommended 2013 guidelines was derived for respondents 2 years and over according to the following numbers of servings (based on recommendations from the National Health and Medical Research Councils Australian Dietary Guidelines (2013)).
2 Actual guidelines for males aged 12-17 years have an additional ½ serve.
3 Actual guidelines exclude males aged 19 to 50 years and males 51 to 70 have an additional ½ serve.
Note that the following modifications have been made to those presented in the actual 2013 NHMRC Guidelines:
Note that this section does not relate to calculations possible using foods reported as consumed in the 24-hour dietary recall in the NATSINPAS.
Respondents were asked how often salt was added to their meals during cooking, or to a meal at the table and whether the salt was iodised (i.e. containing iodine).
The response categories for how often salt was added are different between the NATSIHS and NATSINPAS. In NATSIHS the categories were:
For NATSINPAS the categories were:
Therefore data has not been combined to produce data for the Core. Care should be taken when comparing with other ABS surveys to ensure the correct survey data is used based on the output categories required (for more details see the Comparability statements below).
Respondents in the NATSINPAS were also asked an additional question regarding type of salt added during cooking or at the table as part of the 24-hour dietary recall.
Respondents in the NATSIHS were asked to report the main type of milk they usually drink:
24 hour dietary recall
NATSINPAS respondents were asked to participate in a 24-hour dietary recall. This involved listing all the food and drink they had consumed in the last 24 hour period, from midnight to midnight the day prior to the interview. The aim of the 24-hour dietary recall is to estimate total intake of food, beverages, food energy, nutrients and non-nutrient food components consumed by the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population to assess dietary behaviours and the relationship between diet and health.
Where possible, approximately 9 days after the first interview, respondents in non-remote areas were telephoned and asked to participate in a second 24-hour dietary recall.
More detailed information about the 24-hour dietary recall methodology and data items will be released in this Users’ Guide at the time of the first release of the NATSINPAS Nutrition data.
The data items and related output categories for this topic are available in Excel spreadsheet format from the Downloads page of this product.
Points to be considered in interpreting data for this topic include the following:
Comparability with 2004-05 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey (NATSIHS)
Dietary behaviour for common data items are considered comparable between the 2004-05 NATSIHS. It should be noted that this data was only collected for persons 12 years and older in the 2004-05 NATSIHS. In addition, the number of serves of fruit and vegetables was only collected in the 2004-05 non-remote interview. Less than one serve and one serve were not separated in 2004-05 non-remote and as such the 2012-13 categories of one serve and less than one serve should be grouped for any comparisons.
For comparability with remote in 2004-05, which instead of serves collected whether usually eats fruit and whether usually eats vegetables each day, the serves data items for 2012-13 should be grouped to produce data for those who usually have some amount of fruit and vegetables each day and those that do not. Care should be taken to ensure that the correct population has been selected when making comparisons as well as care taken when interpreting data with 2004-05 remote data.
Furthermore, a slightly reduced number of milk types were collected in 2004-05 to those collected in 2012-13 NATSIHS and this should be considered when making comparisons.
Only one question was asked in 2004-05 about whether the respondent added salt to their meal after it was cooked. This is considered to be comparable with the same question used in 2012-13 NATSIHS.
Comparability with 2008 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey (NATSISS)
Dietary behaviour was not collected from adults in the 2008 NATSISS. For children aged 1 to 14 years in NATSISS, the number of days they usually eat fruit and usually eat vegetables in a day were collected. This is not comparable to data collected 2012-13 NATSIHS. However, for children aged 1 to 14 years in non-remote areas who identified they usually eat fruit or vegetables in a day, the number of serves they usually eat was collected and is considered comparable with 2012-13. Note that for number of serves, less than one serve and one serve were not separated in 2008 and as such the 2012-13 categories of one serve and less than one serve should be grouped for any comparisons.
Comparability with 2011-12 Australian Health Survey (AHS)
Dietary behaviour for common fruit and vegetable serves data items are considered directly comparable between the 2011-12 AHS and 2012-13 AATSIHS.
Data on milk consumption was separated into two separate questions for NHS – one asked the type of milk the respondent usually consumed and the second asked about the fat content of the milk usually consumed. These were combined into one question for the NATSIHS (with additional categories not collected in NHS) and were not collected in the NATSINPAS or NNPAS. Care should therefore be taken when comparing milk consumption between the NHS and NATSIHS.
Whether salt used is iodised is considered comparable between AATSIHS and AHS surveys. However, how often salt is added to meals during cooking and at the table are only comparable between NATSINPAS and the AHS. NATSIHS is considered to not be comparable due to the use of different response categories.