1289.0 - Standards for Statistics on Cultural and Language Diversity, 1999  
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 22/11/1999   
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Standard output categories

Output categories for detailed data

52. The hierarchical structure of the Standard Australian Classification of Countries (SACC) (cat. no. 1269.0) allows users the flexibility to output statistics at the level of the classification which best suits their requirements. Data can be presented at major group level, minor group level, or the base or country level. If necessary, significant countries within a minor group can be presented separately while the remaining countries within the minor group are aggregated. For example, the third-level category 'Nauru' can be separately identified as an output category within the 'Micronesia' Minor Group, with the remaining third-level categories in this minor group aggregated in an 'Other Micronesia' category. The same principle can be adopted to highlight significant minor groups within a major group.

53. Regardless of the level of aggregation envisaged for the dissemination of statistics, data should be captured, classified and stored at the base level of the classification wherever possible. Collecting and storing data at the most detailed level of the classification allows the greatest flexibility for the output of statistics, enables more detailed and complex analyses, facilitates comparisons with previous data using different classifications, and preserves information that provides maximum flexibility for future use of the data.

54. However, the constraints affecting each statistical collection or other application, such as problems with confidentiality or standard errors, may not permit the collection or output of data at the lower levels of the classification.

55. The SACC is intended to provide a single framework for classifying all statistical and administrative data by country for both population and economic statistics. Because the geographically based country groupings of the main structure are not always ideal for the presentation of data, alternative groupings have been included in the classification document to meet specific output needs. These country groupings are of two types:

      • a set of standard country groupings based on economic and political requirements and comprising associations or organisations of formally recognised member countries (for example, the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN)); and
      • a set of authorised standard output options for time series purposes or other data output needs (for example Former USSR).
56. Further information on the alternative standard country groupings can be found in the SACC (cat. no. 1269.0).

57. The following is an example of standard output categories for the nine major groups of the SACC, which have either significant minor groups (second-level categories) or countries (third-level categories) highlighted:
Oceania and Antarctica
New Zealand
Other Oceania and Antarctica
North-West Europe
United Kingdom
Other United Kingdom
Western Europe
Other Western Europe
Other North-West Europe
Southern and Eastern Europe
Other Southern and Eastern Europe
North Africa and the Middle East
Other North Africa and the Middle East
South-East Asia
Viet Nam
Other South-East Asia
North-East Asia
Chinese Asia (includes Mongolia)
China (excludes SARs and Taiwan Province)
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
Other Chinese Asia
Japan and the Koreas
Southern and Central Asia
Other Southern and Central Asia
Sub-Saharan Africa

Output categories for minimum data

58. The standard output categories for the Country of Birth of Mother question module for minimum data are:

      • Born in Australia
      • Born overseas

Supporting variables

59. Country of Birth of Mother does not require any supporting variables but would not normally be asked if Country of Birth of Person and Country of Birth of Father were not also asked. These two variables alone will not allow first and second generation migrants to be distinguished from each other unless Country of Birth of Person is also asked.

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