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Standard question module
40. Country of Birth of Father is closely related to the variable Country of Birth of Mother, and the two questions are generally asked together in collections with the Country of Birth of Father question traditionally asked first. If space constraints only allow enough room for one question on parents' birthplace, it is recommended that Country of Birth of Mother be asked as, in practice, people are more likely to know their mother's country of birth with a greater degree of certainty than their father's country of birth.
Question module for detailed data
42. This standard question module is recommended for all household based surveys and other statistical and administrative collections designed to collect extensive data on Country of Birth of Father.
45. The use of this list ensures compatibility across collections and minimises coding costs. This list will be reviewed periodically as different countries assume a greater or lesser significance in the Australian context as a result of changing migration patterns. The list of tick box options provided as part of the standard question module is appropriate within the Australia-wide context. However, some users may wish to capture country of birth of father data in specific areas which have a different population composition than Australia as a whole. In these instances Census small area data can be used to identify a list of more appropriate tick boxes. Where an instrument using this question module (Question module for detailed data, alternative one) collects 'Country of birth of person' and 'Country of birth of mother', as well as 'Country of birth of father', it is reasonable to substitute the response list for 'Country of birth of person' for the response options tailored for each question, even though this may reduce coding efficiency.
46. Each response to the 'Other - please specify' option will need to be matched to an entry in the Standard Australian Classification of Countries (SACC) Coding Index (see Coding Indexes in Classification and Coding).
47. This question module is recommended for all household-based surveys and other statistical and administrative collections designed to collect extensive data on Country of Birth of Father.
48. If there is a need for detailed information but space constraints are an over-riding consideration then the tick boxes can be deleted (except the tick box for Australia) and respondents with an overseas born father can write in his country of birth. If this is done, however, there will be significant additional coding costs since each overseas born response will need to be matched with an entry in the SACC coding index (see Coding Indexes in Classification and Coding). This is only likely to be appropriate in small scale data collection activities and in cases where data entry of verbatim responses is an administrative requirement, or where optical character recognition data capture technologies are used, allowing automatic matching of response data with index entries. The question module would be as follows:
Question module for minimum data
49. The standard question module for obtaining minimum data for the variable Country of Birth of Father follows:
Standard input categories
Input categories for detailed data
51. The standard input categories for the Country of Birth of Father question module for detailed data are the base-level units of the Standard Australian Classification of Countries (SACC) (Cat. no. 1269.0) and are represented by their four-digit codes. For operational reasons, supplementary codes also exist to enable incomplete responses to be coded at the four-digit level. Note this implies that the labels attached to the supplementary codes are input categories.
Input categories for minimum data
53. The standard input categories for the Country of Birth of Father question module for minimum data are: