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HOMES OWNED WITH A MORTGAGE IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS
PROPORTION OF HOMES(a), by Selected Tenure Type, 2006 and 2011
(a) Total occupied private dwellings, excluding 'Visitor only' and 'Other non-classifiable' households.
Source: ABS Census of Population and Housing, 2006 and 2011
Mortgage costs in Australia have changed over the five years from 2006 to 2011, with median monthly mortgage repayments increasing from $1,300 in 2006 to $1,800 in 2011, an increase of 38.5 per cent. Mortgage costs, as reported in the Census, can reflect amounts that are more than the minimum repayment that a household is required to make as households may choose to reduce their mortgages at a faster rate.
For other national housing statistics, see Housing Occupancy and Costs, 2011-12 (cat. no. 4130.0).
HOMES OWNED WITH A MORTGAGE IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS
In 2011, the proportion of homes owned with a mortgage varied considerably across LGAs as shown in the following map. High proportions of homes owned with a mortgage were clustered around the outer areas of capitals cities, consistent with urban expansion as new land is released for housing development. For more detail, see the maps showing LGAs in each state and territory.
HOMES OWNED WITH A MORTGAGE(a), by Local Government Area, Australia, 2011
(a) The number of occupied private dwellings which were owned with a mortgage or being purchased under a rent/buy scheme by a member of the household, expressed as a proportion of total occupied private dwellings. Excludes 'Visitor only' and 'Other non-classifiable' households.
High proportion of homes owned with a mortgage
Many factors can influence the proportion of homes owned with a mortgage in a region. These factors can vary from region to region and may include:
The LGAs in Australia with the highest proportions of homes owned with a mortgage were characterised by urban expansion and growing populations, located on the fringe or outer areas of capital cities. Of the ten LGAs with the highest proportion of homes owned with a mortgage in Australia, four were located in Victoria, three in Western Australia, two in South Australia and one in New South Wales; all with a proportion over 50%.
The LGA with the highest proportion of homes owned with a mortgage was Serpentine-Jarrahdale, south east of Perth in Western Australia, with a rate of 55.3%. This compared with 34.9% for Australia and 37.8% for Western Australia.
PROPORTION OF HOMES(a) OWNED WITH A MORTGAGE, Ten Highest Local Government Areas, 2011
Other LGAs in Western Australia with a high proportion of homes owned with a mortgage included Wanneroo and Chittering. Wanneroo encompasses both urban and rural areas and is located north of Perth on its urban fringe. Wanneroo experienced the largest population growth of all LGAs for Western Australia between 2006 and 2011, with 41,135 people (37.1%) and growth in the number of occupied private dwellings of 36.3%. Chittering is found in the Wheatbelt region of Western Australia, just beyond the north-eastern fringe of the Perth metropolitan area.
The four LGAs in Victoria with a high proportion of homes owned with a mortgage were Melton, Casey, Golden Plains and Wyndham. Melton and Casey are both less than 50 kilometres from Melbourne; Wyndham is located on the south-western fringe of Melbourne and Golden Plains is a rural area in the south-west of Victoria, between Geelong and Ballarat. Wyndham experienced the largest population growth for an LGA in Victoria, with 48,879 people (43.4%) between 2006 and 2011 and 43.9% growth in the number of occupied private dwellings.
Mallala and Light in South Australia are about an hour north of the Adelaide city centre, and offer rural living and localities with housing developments underway and planned for the future (Endnote 2).
Camden in New South Wales is located in the south-western fringe of Sydney.
As people progress through different life cycle stages and their family structures and financial situations change, so do their housing needs and preferences. People generally follow a pattern of renting in early adulthood, moving to home purchase and mortgages when forming relationships and raising a family, to owning a home outright in older age (Endnote 3). As the table above shows, the LGAs with the highest proportion of homes owned with a mortgage had median ages between 32 to 41 years, typical of the stage of life at which people tend to have a mortgage.
Low proportion of homes owned with a mortgage
The LGAs in Australia with the lowest proportions of homes owned with a mortgage were mostly located in the Northern Territory and far north Queensland and were characterised by their remoteness and high proportions of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 75% or more of the populations of all the LGAs in the following table, except Ashburton in Western Australia. This LGA is a vast region in the Pilbara, known for mining, agriculture and fishing. Over 80% of the dwellings in Ashburton were rented on Census Night in 2011. The next article in this series will analyse rental rates in LGAs in more detail.
LOW PROPORTION OF HOMES(a) OWNED WITH A MORTGAGE, by Local Government Area(b), 2011
Median monthly mortgage repayments
Median monthly mortgage repayments among LGAs varied from under $500 to over $3,000, with the highest repayments reported in some LGAs in Sydney, New South Wales and the coastal areas and mining regions of Western Australia.
MEDIAN MONTHLY MORTGAGE REPAYMENTS(a), by Local Government Area, Australia, 2011
(a) Applicable to occupied private dwellings which were owned with a mortgage or being purchased under a rent/buy scheme
by a member of the household. Excludes 'Visitor only' and 'Other non-classifiable' households.
The highest median monthly mortgage repayments were around $3,000 per month, in New South Wales and Western Australia. All the LGAs in New South Wales with high mortgage costs are located in the Greater Sydney region. Cottesloe and Nedlands in Western Australia are located in the Greater Perth region, while Roebourne is located outside the Perth region.
HIGHEST MEDIAN MONTHLY MORTGAGE REPAYMENTS(a), by Local Government Area(b), 2011
Homes owned with a mortgage over time
In all states, most LGAs (over 57%) had an increase in the proportion of dwellings owned with a mortgage. In the Northern Territory, over half (56%) of the LGAs had a decrease in the proportion of dwellings owned with a mortgage.
The LGAs with the biggest growth in homes owned with a mortgage between 2006 and 2011 are shown in the following table.
BIGGEST GROWTH IN THE PROPORTION OF DWELLINGS(a) OWNED WITH A MORTGAGE, by Local Government Area(b), 2006 and 2011
The LGA of Weipa, in far north Queensland, had the biggest increase in the proportion of homes owned with a mortgage, which increased by 23.2 percentage points from 7.9% in 2006 to 31.1% in 2011. This LGA is characterised by its remoteness and high proportion of workers in the mining industry (the main industry of employment was Metal Ore Mining) in 2011.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 18.6% of the population of Weipa at the 2011 Census. The proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander households increased from 16.8% to 18.8%. The proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander households who owned their home with a mortgage more than doubled between Censuses, from 7.2% in 2006 to 14.9% in 2011.
The LGAs of Flinders Ranges and Lower Eyre Peninsula, in South Australia, and Wagin in Western Australia had an increase in the proportion of homes owned with a mortgage, of over five percentage points between 2006 and 2011.
Median monthly mortgage repayments over time
Many factors can influence the change in median mortgage repayments over time in a region, and this may reflect varying regional conditions such as their local economic circumstances, regional housing supply and demand, and the age and life stage of their local population. Other factors to consider are population growth and population turnover.
The cost of housing in a region may change due to changes in the supply of and demand for housing in the region. For example, average prices may rise because new housing is built in a region which is of a higher quality than older, existing housing, or because the area has become more attractive and people are willing to pay more to live there. In regions where house prices and mortgage repayments are increasing, repayments for new mortgages will be larger than repayments for older mortgages, so the age of mortgages can affect the median mortgage cost in a region.
The age of mortgages in a region is also related to the age and stage of life of the householders. Population change can mean there are more young people in a region who are likely to have newer mortgages.
The LGAs with the fastest growth in median mortgage repayments between 2006 and 2011 are shown in the following table. Eight of these LGAs are located in Western Australia, and there is one each in the Northern Territory and Queensland.
FASTEST GROWTH IN MEDIAN MONTHLY MORTGAGE REPAYMENTS(a), by Local Government Area(b), 2006 and 2011
Ashburton, in the Pilbara in Western Australia, is characterised by mining, agriculture and fishing, and tourism. Ashburton experienced the fastest growth in median monthly mortgage repayments, which increased by 278.6% from $252 in 2006 to $954 in 2011. However, the proportion of homes owned with a mortgage was low, at 3.5% in 2011, and had decreased from 10.4% in 2006. Further analysis of Census data shows that between 2006 and 2011:
In Western Australia, Derby-West Kimberley, Boddington and Roebourne also experienced high population growth and population turnover during the period. For an analysis of population growth and turnover rates in LGAs across Australia, see Perspectives on Regional Australia: Population Growth and Turnover in Local Government Areas (LGAs), 2006-2011 (cat. no. 1380.0.55.007).
Additional analysis, state breakdowns and maps for LGAs, are available in Perspectives on Regional Australia, Housing Arrangements - Homes Owned with a Mortgage in Local Government Areas, 2011 (cat. no. 1380.0.55.012).
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