1307.8 - Australian Capital Territory in Focus, 2007  
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Contents >> Crime and Justice >> Offences and Offenders

OFFENCES AND OFFENDERS

Reported offences

Crimes recorded by police are offences that became known to police and are recorded by them. These offences may have been reported by a victim, witness or other person, or may have been detected by police.


These statistics do not provide the total picture however, as ABS household-based crime and safety surveys reveal that many crimes are not reported to the police. In particular, surveys show that personal crimes such as assault and sexual assault are much less likely to be reported to police than property crimes. In addition, reporting rates can change over time.


Care should also be taken in interpreting changes in police statistics. Changes in recorded crime may reflect changes in:

  • community attitudes to reporting crime;
  • policing resources and strategies; and/or
  • crime recording systems,

rather than changes in the incidence of criminal behaviour.


According to the ACT Policing, Annual Report, 2005-06 some 39,322 offences were reported to police during the financial year. This represents a 0.1% increase on the 39,288 reported offences shown in the ACT Policing, Annual Report, 2004-05. The total number of offences cleared (processed) by the police during 2005-06 was 12,131, an 11% decrease from the number of offences cleared in 2004-05 (13,670). Offences cleared during a time period may not necessarily relate to those offences reported in the same time period. They could relate to offences reported in previous time periods.

9.3 REPORTED OFFENCES, By offences and offenders - ACT - 2005-06

Offences (a)
Offenders
Reported (b)
Cleared (c)
Male
Female
Total
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.

Offences against the person
Homicide and related offences
6
5
7
1
8
Assaults (excluding sexual)
2 021
1 372
811
194
1 005
Sexual assaults/offences
344
269
108
3
111
Other offences
417
246
112
11
123
Total
2 788
1 892
1 038
209
1 247
Property damage and environmental offences
Property damage
8 044
702
410
66
476
Environmental offences
10
8
2
1
3
Total
8 054
710
412
67
479
Robbery and extortion
Robbery
272
105
84
35
119
Blackmail and extortion
1
-
-
-
-
Total
273
105
84
35
119
Burglary, fraud and other offences of theft
Burglary
5 047
358
365
28
393
Fraud and misappropriation
645
334
317
129
446
Handling stolen goods
164
165
252
56
308
Theft or illegal use of vehicle
2 719
230
272
33
305
Other theft
12 016
1 537
843
445
1 288
Total
20 591
2 624
2 049
691
2 740
Offences against good order
2 822
2 410
2 656
567
3 223
Drug offences
415
437
440
73
513
Other offences not elsewhere classified
4 379
3 953
3 349
537
3 886
All offences
39 322
12 131
10 028
2 179
12 207

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) Offences classifications are based on the Australian National Classification of Offences (ANCO) (1985).
(b) Excludes offences reported in the Jervis Bay Territory
(c) Offences cleared do not necessarily relate to those offences reported in the time period
ACT Policing, Annual Report, 2005-06.


In 2005-06 the highest number of offences were recorded in: Other theft (12,016), Property damage (8,044), Burglary (5,047) and Other offences not elsewhere classified (4,379).



Offenders

There were a total of 12,207 offenders recorded in the ACT in 2005-06, an increase of 7% on the number recorded in 2004-05 (11,373).


Of the offenders recorded in 2005-06, 10,028 (82%) were male and 2,179 (18%) were female. The number of male offenders recorded in 2005-06 increased by 6% (from 9,467 in 2004-05), while the number of female offenders increased by 14% (from 1,906 in 2004-05).


The offence category with the highest number of male offenders during 2005-06 was Other offences not elsewhere classified (3,349 or 33% of male offenders), followed by Offences against good order (2,656 or 26%) and then Other theft (843 or 8%).


The offence category with the highest number of female offenders during 2005-06 was Offences against good order (567 or 26% of female offenders), followed by Other offences not elsewhere classified (537 or 25%) and then Other theft (445 or 20%).


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