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SUMMARY OF FINDINGS
Non-English speaking households
Households with at least one member who doesn't speak or understand English may require specialist assistance during an emergency evacuation. Across WA, a small proportion of households (Table 2) indicated they have at least one member who is unable to speak English (3.0%), unable to understand English (2.7%), or is unable to understand emergency instructions in English (1.0%).
Access to alternative accommodation
Households with access to alternative accommodation potentially reduce the demand on emergency accommodation, such as evacuation centres. Most households in WA (90.9%; Table 2) reported access to alternative accommodation. The proportions of households in Perth MSR (91.0%) and the balance of WA MSR (90.4%) who reported having access to alternative accommodation, were similar.
PREPAREDNESS FOR EMERGENCIES
When an emergency occurs, preparedness helps to ensure that households and communities are able to respond to, and cope with, its effects. Indicators of preparedness include plans for exiting a dwelling, identification of an agreed meeting place, adequate stores of food and water, access to the latest information, as well as the ability to communicate throughout the emergency. Insurance cover is another indicator of preparedness, as it assists households with the financial burden of replacing or repairing property that may be damaged or lost in an emergency.
Exit plan from dwelling
Householders were asked whether they have a plan to exit their dwelling, should an emergency evacuation occur. In terms of household type (Table 11), the highest proportion of households who reported having an exit plan were persons living alone (56.4%). In contrast, the lowest proportion of households who reported having an exit plan was for other household types (36.3%) and couple with children households (37.8%).
Almost one quarter (22.9%) of WA households indicated they do not have a landline telephone (Table 9). There was little difference in the proportion of households who indicated they do not have a landline telephone in the Perth MSR (22.7%) and the Balance of WA MSR (23.6%).
Across household types (Table 11), the highest proportion of households who indicated they do not have a landline telephone was lone parent with children households (43.9%). Couple households with (16.5%) and without (15.6%) children, had the lowest proportion of households who indicated they do not have a landline telephone.
More than three quarters (82.9%) of households in WA reported having internet access, as shown in Table 9. The proportion of households in Perth MSR (84.2%) who reported having internet access was higher than the for the Balance of WA MSR (78.9%).
Across household types (Table 11), couples with children (96.4%) had the highest proportion of households who reported internet access. In comparison, persons living alone (63.2%) had the lowest proportion of households who reported internet access, as shown in the graph below.
Most households living in dwellings that are fully owned or being purchased reported to have comprehensive (i.e. building and contents) insurance cover (92.4%; Table 14). For households who are renting, or other tenure types, the proportion of households who reported contents insurance cover (47.6%) was similar to those who reported no contents insurance cover (47.7%).
Sources of information during an emergency
In an emergency, more WA households indicated they would seek emergency information from the radio (56.7%; Table 16), internet (44.1%) or television (43.3%), than other sources such as a telephone hotline (13.9%), emergency services personnel (8.8%), or police contacts (6.4%). Note that households were able to provide multiple responses to this question.
The proportion of households who indicated they would seek emergency information from the radio (Table 16) was similar for Perth MSR (57.0%) and Balance of WA MSR (55.7%). However, the proportion of households who indicated they would seek emergency information from the internet and the television was higher for Perth MSR (46.4% and 45.1% respectively) than for Balance of WA MSR (37.1% and 37.6% respectively), as shown in the graph below.
EXPERIENCED ANY MAJOR EMERGENCIES
In WA, 7.5% (66,000) of households reported having experienced a major emergency. The proportion of households in the Balance of WA MSR who reported experience of major emergencies (11.5%) is almost twice the proportion of households in the Perth MSR who reported experience of major emergencies (6.2%), as shown in Table 2.
In an emergency where evacuation was required (Table 3) households who indicated they had experienced a major emergency also reported a higher proportion of households with pets needing evacuation (61.9%) than households who reported no experience of a major emergency (50.7%).
Similarly, households who indicated they had experienced a major emergency also reported a higher proportion of households who were unwilling to evacuate (17.2%), compared to those who had not reported experience of a major emergency (6.0%; Table 3).
In terms of preparedness indicators (Table 10), the proportion of households who reported having experience of a major emergency, who also reported having an exit plan (55.4%) or an agreed meeting place (21.0%), is higher than for households who indicated they have not experienced a major emergency (42.9% and 11.2% respectively).
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