4715.0.30.003 - Microdata: Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey, Core Content - Risk Factors and Selected Health Conditions, 2012-13 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 28/07/2015  First Issue
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USING THE TABLEBUILDER

Instructions on how to use TableBuilder can be found here User Manual: TableBuilder, Jun 2013 (cat. no. 1406.0.55.005) and via the help links within the product itself.

For support in the use of TableBuilder and analysis of the data generated from the TableBuilder, please contact Microdata Access Strategies on 02 6252 7714 or via microdata.access@abs.gov.au.

For confidentiality and/or usability reasons, some data item values have been collapsed and/or restricted for use on the TableBuilder.


STRUCTURE OF THE TABLEBUILDER

As discussed on the File Structure page of this product, this survey is hierarchical in nature. For the TableBuilder the following structure is in place:

TableBuilder File Structure picture

SPECIAL GEOGRAPHIC NOTES

Some items were only collected in non-remote areas or remote areas. Data items are identified in the Data item list for which remoteness area they were collected in and users should ensure they reference this to ensure the population they are representing is correct.

Additionally, the biomedical sample for some States/Territories are not considered sufficient to produce reliable estimates. In particular Victoria, A.C.T and Tasmania samples are considered too small. Care should be taken when interpreting State/Territory estimates. For details on sample sizes, reference should be made to the Response rates and Appendix 1: Sample Counts and Estimates pages located in the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey: Users' Guide, 2012-13 (cat. no. 4727.0.55.002).


NOTE ON CONTINUOUS ITEMS

Some continuous data items are allocated special codes for certain responses (e.g. 9999 = 'Not applicable'). When creating ranges for such continuous items for use in the TableBuilder, these special codes will NOT be included in these ranges (any special codes for continuous (summation) data items are listed in the Data Item List and will be found in the categorical version of the continuous item. However, note that labelling of 0s in the DIL does not necessarily mean they are excluded from the ranges (for example - identifying 0 as 'Did not visit' or 'Did not do') as they may still be important in some calculations. Reference should be made to the categorical version of the item to identify which codes are specifically excluded. Therefore the total shown only represents 'valid responses' of that continuous data item rather than all responses (including special codes).

For example:

Systolic Blood Pressure is located both in the Person level folder...

          Picture of Person level through to Systolic blood pressure location

...and the Summation Options.
          Picture of Summation Options through to Systolic blood pressure location

The following table shows the responses for 'Systolic Blood Pressure' by 'Sex of person' using the version in the Person folder. The continuous values of the data item are contained in the 'A valid response was recorded' row. If the actual continuous values are to be displayed then it is necessary to use the Summation Option version and create a range for them.
          Picture of Systolic blood pressure by Sex


Here is the same table with a range applied for the continuous values of 'Systolic Blood Pressure (mmHG)' (called SysExample). Note that the numbers of respondents for the other responses 'Not applicable', 'Valid reading not obtained' and 'Not measured' no longer contribute to the table.
          Picture of Systolic Blood pressure categorical and continuous items by sex

Any special codes for continuous data items are listed in the Data Item List.

Continuous items can be used to create custom categories in 'My Custom Data' by first ranging the item. For example, to create five year age groupings for 'Age first told had diabetes or high sugar levels' this can be done by ranging the item with a five year increments from Summation Options. However to deviate from groupings of equal increments, this must be done in 'My Custom Data'. As age is a continuous item, for deviations from equal increments, it must first be ranged (for example in one year increments) and then this ranged item can be grouped under the 'My Custom Data' tab to form unique age categories. For more information see the 'My Custom Data' section of the User Manual: TableBuilder, Jun 2013 (cat. no. 1406.0.55.005).


CONFIDENTIALITY FEATURES IN TABLEBUILDER

In accordance with the Census and Statistics Act 1905, all the data in TableBuilder are subjected to a confidentiality process before release. This confidentiality process is undertaken to avoid releasing information that may allow the identification of particular individuals, families, households, dwellings or businesses.

Processes used in TableBuilder to confidentialise records include the following:
  • perturbation of data
  • table suppression
  • field exclusion groups

Perturbation Effects

To minimise the risk of identifying individuals in aggregate statistics, a technique is used to randomly adjust cell values. This technique is called perturbation. Perturbation involves small random adjustments of the statistics and is considered the most satisfactory technique for avoiding the release of identifiable statistics while maximising the range of information that can be released. These adjustments have a negligible impact on the underlying pattern of the statistics.

The introduction of these random adjustments result in tables not adding up. While some datasets apply a technique called additivity to give internally consistent results, additivity has not been implemented on this TableBuilder. As a result, randomly adjusted individual cells will be consistent across tables, but the totals in any table will not be the sum of the individual cell values. The size of the difference between summed cells and the relevant total will generally be very small.

Please be aware that the effects of perturbing the data may result in components being larger than their totals. This includes determining proportions.

Table suppression

Some tables generated within TableBuilder may contain a substantial proportion of very low counts within cells (excluding cells that have counts of zero). When this occurs, all values within the table are suppressed in order to preserve confidentiality. The following error message below is displayed at the bottom of the table when table suppression has occurred.

ERROR: The table has been suppressed as it is too sparse
ERROR: table cell values have been suppressed

Field exclusion rules

Certain groups of similar variables are restricted from being used together in a table. These restrictions are referred to as field exclusion rules, and are in place in order to protect confidentiality. The collections of similar variables restricted in this way are called field exclusion groups.

For the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey there is one field exclusion group. This consists of the 2011 geographical and Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) data items (see below for items).

Only one data item from this group may be used in a single table.

The geographic exception to this is the State or Territory item, which can be used in addition to one item from this group.

Items included in the field exclusion group are:

2011 Geographic Items
  • Remoteness area categories ASGS 2011
  • Greater Capital City Statistical Areas ASGS 2011
  • Section of state ASGS 2011
  • Primary Health Network 2011

2011 SEIFA Items
  • Index of Economic Resources - 2011 - SA1 - Deciles - National
  • Index of Economic Resources - 2011 - SA1 - Deciles - State
  • Index of Economic Resources - 2011 - SA2 - Deciles - National
  • Index of Economic Resources - 2011 - SA2 - Deciles - State
  • Index of Education and Occupation - 2011 - SA1 - Deciles - National
  • Index of Education and Occupation - 2011 - SA1 - Deciles - State
  • Index of Education and Occupation - 2011 - SA2 - Deciles - National
  • Index of Education and Occupation - 2011 - SA2 - Deciles - State
  • Index of Relative Socio-economic Advantage and Disadvantage - 2011 - SA1 - Deciles - National
  • Index of Relative Socio-economic Advantage and Disadvantage - 2011 - SA1 - Deciles - State
  • Index of Relative Socio-economic Advantage and Disadvantage - 2011 - SA2 - Deciles - National
  • Index of Relative Socio-economic Advantage and Disadvantage - 2011 - SA2 - Deciles - State
  • Index of Relative Socio-economic Disadvantage - 2011 - SA1 - Deciles - National
  • Index of Relative Socio-economic Disadvantage - 2011 - SA1 - Deciles - State
  • Index of Relative Socio-economic Disadvantage - 2011 - SA2 - Deciles - National
  • Index of Relative Socio-economic Disadvantage - 2011 - SA2 - Deciles - State


WEIGHT VARIABLES

There are two weight variables visible on the TableBuilder file under Summation Options categories:
  • Persons (Benchmarked weight) - located on the Person level. This weight has been benchmarked to produce Australian population estimates.
  • Biomedical persons (Benchmarked weight) - located on the Biomedical level. Biomedical participants have been weighted and benchmarked to produce Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population estimates for persons 18 years and over. For more details on this weight, see below.

TableBuilder will apply 'Persons (Benchmarked weight)' by default.

Using Weights

The AATSIHS is a sample survey. To produce estimates for the in-scope population you must use weight fields in your tables. The weight fields are listed below. In TableBuilder they can be found under the Summation Options category in the left hand pane under the applicable level. If you do not select a weight field, TableBuilder will use 'Persons (Benchmarked weight)' by default. This will give you estimates of the number of persons. To produce estimates for AATSIHS selected persons who participated in the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Measures Survey (NATSIHMS), the 'Biomedical persons (Benchmarked weight)' located on the Biomedical level must be used.

When using a Weight/Summation from a level that is different to that of the variables in the table please be careful in interpreting the results.

Level of Data itemExplanation of Estimates if use Person Weight for applicable population

1. Household levelPersons in households with the specified characteristics.
2. Persons in household levelPersons in households containing one or more persons with the specified characteristics.
3. Person levelPersons with the specified characteristics.
4. Conditions levelPersons with one or more conditions with the specified characteristics.
5. Biomedical levelUse Biomedical weight to calculate persons with specified characteristics.
6. Child 5-17 Years Physical Activity level (NR Only)Persons with one or more physical activity days with the specified characteristics.
7. Child 5-17 Years Physical Activity Detailed level (NR Only)Persons with one or more physical activity types with the specified characteristics.


Note that the Biomedical level also contains non-biomedical participant records, however their biomedical weight is set to 0 so they will not contribute to estimates when the Biomedical persons (Benchmarked weight) is used. However, if the Persons (Benchmarked weight) is used with biomedical data items then these non-participants will contribute to estimates. When using biomedical variables in conjunction with other variables on the biomedical level or with variables from other levels, the Biomedical persons (Benchmarked weight) should be used.

For example, a table of reported fasting status using the 'Persons (Benchmarked weight)' will show the fasting status for the entire Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey. Note that the 'Not applicable' persons include those people who did not participate in the NATSIHMS. The population for this table presents the weighted estimates for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population aged 2 years and over.

Picture of Fasting Status data using Persons (Benchmarked weight)

The same table using the 'Biomedical persons (Benchmarked weight)' will show the fasting status for only persons who participated in the NATSIHMS. Note that in this case, no-one is in the 'Not applicable' category. People who did not participate in the biomedical component do not have a biomedical person weight and therefore do not contribute to the table when this weight is used. The biomedical population now presents weighted estimates for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population aged 18 years and over.

Picture of Fasting Status data using Biomedical persons (Benchmarked weight)


MEANS AND MEDIANS

Means, medians and sums of continuous data items are calculated at the level of the continuous data item. A weight is automatically applied from a weight allocated behind the scenes to the level of the variable. For all levels, other than Household, Persons in household and Biomedical levels, a person weight has been applied to each record (e.g. physical activity record) on the level based on the weight allocated to selected persons on the Person level. The biomedical weight has been applied to each biomedical participant on the Biomedical level. No weight has been applied to the Household or Persons in household levels due to there not being a household weight produced, but neither level has continuous items located on them which require a weight for calculations.

Due to current functionality of the software, a weight from another level cannot be brought into such calculations. The "subject" of means, medians and sums calculated in TableBuilder is therefore the statistical unit associated with the level of the database on which the continuous data item is stored. For example, the mean of the "Total minutes spent doing physical activity type that day (5-17)" data item at the Child 5-17 Years Physical Activity Detailed (NR Only) level would give the mean total minutes of physical activity by physical activity type and across 3 days while the mean of the "Total minutes doing mod to vig physical activity that day" at the Child 5-17 Years Physical Activity Detailed (NR Only) level would give the mean total minutes for physical activity across 3 days.

The weights used for these calculations are not visible but are referenced in the 'Weighted by' statement with continuous variables, as per:

Picture of Total minutes doing physical activity that day (5-17) in Summations options


ITEMS LOCATED ON MULTIPLE LEVELS

Where items are available on more than one level, an additional number is added to the label to indicate the level version. For example a (1) indicates it's a Household level version, a (2) indicates a Persons in household level version, a (3) indicates a Person level version, and so on. These are identified in the Data item list labelling as well as the item in TableBuilder. The numbering is based on the ordering of levels found in the File Structure page of this product.

Care should be used to ensure the correct version of the item is used, particularly with regards to demographic items located on both the Persons in household and Person levels. See below for more details.


PERSONS IN HOUSEHOLD LEVEL VERSUS PERSON LEVEL VARIABLES

The Persons in Household level contains data for every person in the household while the Persons level only contains data for the selected persons. Both levels are children of the Household level - that is, they are siblings and are not linked by person but by household. This means that there is a many-to-many link between records at these levels (persons on the Person level are linked to all the people in their household on the Persons in household level). When summing the Person weight (which is stored at the Person level) the meaning of the estimates produced when disaggregating by another data item at the Person level will not be the same as the meaning of the estimates produced when disaggregating by a data item at the Persons in Household level. For example, disaggregating by Sex and Marital status at the Person level will produce estimates of the type "Number of persons who are Male and Married". These estimates will be additive (aside from the effects of perturbation) as shown below.
          Picture of Social Marital Status and Sex from the Person level

On the other hand, disaggregating by Sex and Marital status at the Persons in Household level, and using the 'Persons (Benchmarked weight)' from the Person level, will produce estimates of the type "Number of persons in households containing one or more persons who are Male and Married". These estimates will usually not be additive as shown below.
          Picture of Social Marital Status and Sex from the Persons in Household level