4446.0 - Disability, Australia, 2009  
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 02/05/2011   
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To identify whether a person has a particular type of limitation or restriction, the SDAC collects information on need for assistance, difficulty experienced, or use of aids or equipment to perform selected tasks. The following structure shows the tasks associated with each type of limitation and restriction.


Core activity limitations


  • Understanding family or friends
  • Being understood by family or friends
  • Understanding strangers
  • Being understood by strangers

  • Getting into or out of a bed or chair
  • Moving about usual place of residence
  • Moving about a place away from usual residence
  • Walking 200 metres
  • Walking up and down stairs without a handrail
  • Bending and picking up an object from the floor
  • Using public transport

  • Showering or bathing
  • Dressing
  • Eating
  • Toileting
  • Bladder or bowel control

Schooling or employment restrictions

  • Unable to attend school
  • Attends a special school
  • Attends special classes at an ordinary school
  • Needs at least one day a week off school on average
  • Has difficulty at school

  • Permanently unable to work
  • Restricted in the type of work they can or could do
  • Need, or would need, at least one day a week off work on average
  • Restricted in the number of hours they can, or could, work
  • Requires special equipment or modified work environment
  • Needs assistance from a disability job placement program or agency

Without specific limitation or restriction

Health care
  • Foot care
  • Taking medications or administering injections
  • Dressing wounds
  • Using medical machinery
  • Manipulating muscles or limbs

Reading or writing
  • Checking bills or bank statements
  • Writing letters
  • Filling in forms

  • Going to places away from the usual place of residence

Household chores
  • Washing
  • Vacuuming
  • Dusting

Property maintenance
  • Changing light bulbs, taps, washers or car registration stickers
  • Making minor home repairs
  • Mowing lawns, watering, pruning shrubs, light weeding or planting
  • Removing rubbish

Meal preparation
  • Preparing ingredients
  • Cooking food

Cognition or emotion
  • Making friendships, interacting with others or maintaining relationships
  • Coping with feelings or emotions
  • Decision making or thinking through problems