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From 1991-92 to 2001-02, the available labour force in Queensland increased by 28.0%, whereas the civilian population aged 15 and over rose only 25.0%. This was due to an increasing rate of participation by the population in the labour force. There was also a significant shift in the composition of the work-force: while the number of full-time workers rose 22.8%, there was a 56.7% increase in those working part-time.
The number of unemployed men fell from 86,800 to 83,900 from 1991-92 to 2000-01. Although there were increasing numbers of men looking for part-time work (7,200 to 13,500), the number looking for full-time work decreased from 79,600 to 70,300. The percentage of men participating in the labour force fell from 74.9% to 73.3% and their unemployment rate fell from 10.2% to 8.0%.
In contrast, over the same period the number of women unemployed rose from 56,500 to 64,300, despite a decrease in the female unemployment rate. This was due to increased numbers of women participating in the labour force, shown by the participation rate rising from 52.1% to 57.0%. There was an increase in the number of women looking for both full-time and part-time work.
Survey data inevitably displays some random variation. Because the labour force survey has been conducted regularly for many years, the raw data can be adjusted for seasonal variation and then smoothed to better display trends. The resulting trend estimates more accurately reflect changes in labour market conditions.
EMPLOYED PERSONS, Queensland
Source: Labour Force, Australia, (cat. no. 6203.0)
INDUSTRY OF EMPLOYMENT
Four times each year the Labour Force Survey includes questions regarding the industry within which people work.
The Retail trade industry division provided the highest number of jobs in 2001-02, in both Queensland and nationally. This industry division was the largest employer of females in Queensland with 140,725 or 18.4% and the second largest employer of males with 135,775 or 14.2%. The ratio of male to female employment was highest in the Mining industry, and smallest in the Health and community services division.
Of all industry divisions, the largest employer of males was the Manufacturing division, accounting for 14.2% of employed men (136,200), slightly more than the 135,775 men employed in the Retail trade industry. These two industries together provided 28.4% of jobs for Queensland men. The same industry divisions were also the highest employers of males nationally. The Electricity, gas and water division employed the smallest number of men.
The Health and community services division was the second highest employer of females with 128,250 or 16.7%. Together with Retail trade, 35.1% of female employment was concentrated in these two industry divisions. Mining employed the smallest number of women.