1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2007  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/01/2007   
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Contents >> Health >> Health risk factors


A range of factors influence the health outcomes of an individual or the population. These include the interaction of socio-economic, biomedical and environmental factors which contribute to illness and injury. There are also specific lifestyle behaviours which may further impact a person's health, increasing the risk of chronic disease.

The 2004-05 NHS collected information on a number of self-reported risk factors:

  • almost one in four adults (23%) smoked
  • 13% of adults consumed alcohol at levels which, if continued, would be risky or a high risk to their health in the long term
  • 70% of people aged 15 years and over reported sedentary or low exercise levels in the two weeks prior to interview
  • 52% of people aged 15 years and over were classified as overweight or obese based on their calculated Body Mass Index where self-reported height and weight were known. This contrasts with only 33% who described themselves at interview as overweight
  • 14% of people aged 12 years and over reported they usually consumed five or more serves of vegetables every day (the recommended daily intake)
  • 54% of people aged 12 years and over reported they usually consumed two or more serves of fruit every day (the recommended daily intake).

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