4240.0 - Preschool Education, Australia, 2016 Quality Declaration 
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 16/02/2017   
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This document was added 08/03/2017.



APPENDIX 4 - STATE-SPECIFIC YEAR BEFORE FULL TIME SCHOOLING

Background

In 2016, a new state-specific Year Before Full Time Schooling (YBFS) definition was researched and developed to better reflect the YBFS concept needed for national reports by government. This new state-specific YBFS definition uses the preschool and school age entry provisions of the state or territory in which the child usually resides. This improves on previous definitions by accounting for the differences across Australia in the age at which children are to be enrolled in school.

The new state-specific YBFS definition has been created mainly to assist with the Report on Government Services (RoGS) and National Indigenous Reform Agreement (NIRA). The new definition does not change the performance indicators for the current National Partnership Agreement on Universal Access to Early Childhood Education – 2016 and 2017.

Statistics for this new state-specific YBFS definition are included in this issue of Preschool Education, Australia for the first time and replace the original YBFS definition based statistics published in prior years. The original YBFS definition included all children enrolled and attending a preschool program aged 4 years and only children aged 5 years who had not previously attended a preschool program as a 4 year old. Statistics for the original YBFS definition will be available to be compiled for 2016 from Microdata: Preschool Education, Australia, 2016 (cat. no. 4240.0.55.003) using the TableBuilder and/or DataLab facilities.

Calculating state-specific YBFS cohorts

Table A4 shows the state-specific age ranges for children in their year before commencing school. For six jurisdictions, children born over a specified interval of 12 months are included. However, for NSW and Victoria the interval is slightly broader with adjustment factors applied to account for the rates at which the youngest children in the interval proceed from preschool to school education in those states.

A4 STATE-SPECIFIC YBFS AGE COHORTS BASED ON MONTHS AND YEARS OF BIRTH

State or TerritoryAge cohorts by month and year of birth

NSWAll children born 2 July 2010 - 31 December 2011 and adjusted counts for children born in the interval 1 January 2012 - 31 July 2012 (56%)

VicAll children born 2 July 2010 - 31 December 2011 and adjusted counts for children born in January 2012 (74%), February 2012 (63%), March 2012 (52%), April 2012 (41%)

Qld, WA, NTAll children born 1 July 2011 – 30 June 2012

SA and ACTAll children born 1 May 2011 – 30 April 2012

TasAll children born 1 January 2011 – 31 December 2011


The preschool education statistics for the state-specific YBFS cohorts can be found in Tables 28 to 31 of the datacube in Preschool Education, Australia, 2016 (cat. no. 4240.0). These statistics are presented by the child’s state or territory of usual residence, which aligns with the place of usual residence basis for ABS population estimates and projections.

Population estimates for state-specific YBFS cohorts

Population estimates for the state-specific YBFS cohorts were also created to allow reporting of population proportions within RoGS and NIRA with greater accuracy than would otherwise be possible.

The state-specific YBFS population estimates in Table A5 for all children were created by:

  • Distributing each state/territory’s Estimated Resident Population (ERP) for children aged 3 to 6 years across individual months of birth according to birth statistics for the same time interval. The data used in these calculations were sourced from Australian Demographic Statistics (cat. no. 3101.0) and Births, Australia (cat. no. 3301.0).
  • The distributed ERP was then aggregated according to the state-specific YBFS cohort age ranges in each state/territory. The same adjustment factors were applied for NSW and Victoria as highlighted in Table A4.
  • Finally, a deduction was made for the number of children aged 4 and 5 years of age in the state-specific YBFS cohorts that were attending school in each state/territory. This deduction was based on counts reported in Schools, Australia (cat. no. 4221.0).

For Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children, the same process was used but with population projections from Estimates and Projections, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2001 to 2026 (cat. no. 3238.0) instead of ERP. This is because ERP for 30 June 2016 by single year of age are not currently available for this population.

A5 POPULATION ESTIMATES IN STATE SPECIFIC YBFS COHORTS

NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders
4984
1200
4787
934
2056
578
1430
144
Non-Indigenous (a)
98042
75139
57063
19718
32602
5913
2285
5272
Total
103025
76340
61850
20652
34658
6492
3715
5416


(a) Calculated as the total less Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders