4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2004
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 15/06/2004
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Australian Social Trends - Western Australia Snapshot
The evolution of Australian lifestyles over the decades was examined in today's release of Australian Social Trends 2004 from the Australian Bureau of Statistics. The points below include some national and Western Australian highlights.
... Australia's children
The effect of the 1950s baby boom on births and fertility was barely discernible in 2002, due to four decades of declining fertility. There has been no discernible peak in births of grandchildren to baby boomers, unlike the distinct peak which occurred in 1971 with births of children to baby boomers.
In 2002, the total fertility rate for Western Australia was 1.69, a little lower than the national rate (1.75), and 17% of all births were to women aged 35 years and over.
In Western Australia, 45% of women with children under five years are now in the labour force, and in 2002, 23% of children under three years, and 69% of children aged 3-4 years, spent some time in formal child care. This included long day care, family day care, occasional care or preschool.
In 2001, Australia-wide, over 350,000 families with children aged under 15 years had no employed parent living with them. Almost two-thirds of these were one-parent families.
... Australia's youth
Over the 1980s and most of the 1990s, Year 7/8 to Year 12 apparent school retention rates increased, as did participation in non-school education, mostly at university or TAFE. In 2003, Year 7/8 to Year 12 apparent school retention rates in Western Australia were higher for females (75%) than males (67%).
Nationally, the proportion of employed young people (15-24 years) working part-time has more than doubled over the twenty years to 2003 (from 18% to 47%). Across the nation, of part-time workers aged 15-19 years, 79% were studying full-time. Over half (55%) of part-time workers aged 20-24 years were studying full-time.
In 2002, almost four out of five HECS-liable university students in Australia deferred their payment. The remainder paid up-front, receiving a discount.
The proportion of young Australians who stated that they were concerned about environmental problems declined over the 1990s. In 2001, after retirement-aged people, 18-24 year olds were the age group least likely to state that they have such concerns.
... families and older Australians
In 2003, about one-third of the Australian labour force was aged 45-64 years; up from one-quarter twenty years earlier. This reflected the ageing of the population, as well as the increased proportion of women in the labour force. In Western Australia, 40% of women in the ‘pre-retirement’ age group (55-64 years) were in the labour force in 2002-03. Over half of these (54%) were employed part-time.
In addition to the support provided by family members they live with, four out of five people (80%) with disabilities, nationally in 2002, nominated family members living elsewhere as a source of support in time of crisis. As people get older the likelihood of having a disability, or being a primary carer of someone with a disability, increases.
Coinciding with the trend for greater home-based care, the number of people employed in non-residential care services (e.g. emergency housekeeping) increased by about 18,000 to 80,600 nationally over the five years to 2001. This industry also relied on a large number of volunteers - 211,700 in June 2000.
By 2051, the population of Western Australia is projected to reach 2.9 million, assuming medium level fertility and migration. People aged 65 years and over are projected to make up more than one-quarter of the population (27%) in 2051, compared with 11% in 2002.
... our homes and where we live
Contrary to stereotypes of city people retiring to the coast, Australia-wide almost four out of five new residents of fast growing coastal areas were aged under 50 years, and two-thirds had moved from country areas or large population centres rather than from capital cities.
The overall rate of home ownership in Australia has been steady since the 1960s, with about 70% of occupied private dwellings being owned outright or being purchased. However, the age profile of home owners and purchasers has shifted over the last twenty years with a decline in home ownership among younger adults. In 2000-01, seven in ten Western Australian households reported they owned or were purchasing their home, consistent with the national rate.
There were an estimated 99,900 homeless people on census night 2001- 11,700 of whom were in Western Australia. During 2002-03, about 97,600 people nation-wide were assisted by the refuges, shelters and other agencies in the Supported Accommodation Assistance Program.
More analysis, including national and state summary data appear in Australian Social Trends, 2004 (cat. no. 4102.0) available in the "Australia Now" section on the home page of the ABS web site <www.abs.gov.au>.
Australian Social Snapshot Against a Backdrop of Change
New South Wales Snapshot
South Australian Snapshot
Northern Territory Snapshot
Australian Capital Territoy Snapshot
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