1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2007  
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/01/2007   
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Contents >> National Accounts



National accounts are designed to provide a systematic summary of national economic activity and have been developed to assist in the practical application of economic theory.

The Australian system of national accounts includes national income, expenditure, and product accounts, financial accounts, the national balance sheet, input-output tables and satellite accounts. At their summary level, the national accounts reflect key economic flows - production, the distribution of incomes across sectors, consumption, saving and investment. At their more detailed level, they are designed to present a statistical picture of the structure of the economy and the detailed processes that make up domestic production and its distribution.

The financial accounts show the financial assets and liabilities of the nation and of each institutional sector and inter-sectoral financial transactions. The balance sheet is a comprehensive statement of produced and non-produced assets, liabilities to the rest of the world and net worth. Satellite accounts allow the development of an integrated set of statistics about a particular sector which crosses a number of industries or sectors. Input-output tables show the structure of a country's production system for a particular period. They show which goods and services are produced by each industry and how they are used.

The national accounts also include many detailed classifications (e.g. by industry, by purpose, by commodity, by state and territory, and by asset type) relating to major economic aggregates.

This section contains the following subsection :
      Defining and measuring GDP
      Volume or 'real' GDP
      Chain price indexes and implicit price deflators
      National income, expenditure and product accounts
      State accounts
      National balance sheet
      Additional national accounts measures

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