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SUMMARY OF FINDINGS
The survey did not include businesses classified to ANZSIC 9242 (Creative Arts). This industry mainly consists of individuals engaged in musical compositions, literary arts and visual arts such as painting, drawing sculpture and pottery.
Size of the industries
At the end of June 2000, there were 1,437 employing organisations in the performing arts industries. There were 705 organisations in the music and theatre production industry and 125 organisations in the performing arts venue industry. The remaining 606 organisations were in the other services to the arts industry, with 152 organisations operating performing arts festivals with a duration of more than 2 days, and 454 other organisations providing other services to the arts.
In total, these industries employed 16,429 persons at the end of June 2000. A further 20,752 persons worked as volunteers, comprising 3,034 volunteers who worked during June 2000 for organisations in the music and theatre production industry, and 17,718 volunteers who worked for festivals during their operation.
During 1999-2000, the total income for the performing arts industries was $1,634 million of which government funding accounted for $470 million and box office takings accounted for $461 million.
The industry value added of the performing arts industries in 1999-2000 was $384 million.
TABLE 1.1 SUMMARY OF OPERATIONS
na not available
. . not applicable
(a) Volunteers during the month of June 2000.
(b) Volunteers during the operation of the festivals.
Copyright © Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2001
1 This publication presents results in respect of 1999-2000 from a survey of employing businesses mainly engaged in the performing arts industries.
2 The performing arts industries comprise businesses and organisations (both public and private sector) classified to the following classes of the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC):
3 In addition, the performing arts venues activities of local government authorities were included in the survey, even though local government authorities are defined to another class in ANZSIC.
4 As a result of interest in festivals, data on the Services to the Arts n.e.c. industry is split into performing arts festivals which operated for more than 2 days, and the remainder of the industry.
5 The survey did not include businesses and organisations classified to ANZSIC 9242 (Creative Arts). This industry mainly consists of individuals engaged in musical composition, literary arts and visual arts such as painting, drawing, sculpture and pottery.
IMPROVEMENTS TO COVERAGE
6 Data in this publication have been adjusted to allow for lags in processing new businesses to the ABS business register, and the omission of some businesses from the business register. The majority of businesses affected and to which the adjustments apply, are small in size.
7 Adjustments have been made to include new businesses in the estimates in the periods in which they commenced operations, rather than when they were processed to the business register.
8 Further adjustments have been made for businesses which had been in existence for several years, but, for various reasons, were not previously added to the ABS register.
9 For more information on these adjustments, please refer to the ABS publication Information Paper: Improvements to ABS Economic Statistics, 1997 (Cat. no. 1357.0).
10 The unit for which statistics were reported in the survey was the management unit. The management unit is the highest-level accounting unit within a business, having regard for industry homogeneity, for which accounts are maintained. In nearly all cases it coincides with the legal entity owning the business (i.e. company, partnership, trust, sole operator, etc.). In the case of large diversified businesses, however, there may be more than one management unit, each coinciding with a 'division' or 'line of business'. A division or line of business is recognised where separate and comprehensive accounts are compiled for it.
11 Data were collected from the Australia-wide operations of each business. Businesses which operated in more than one State or Territory were asked to provide a dissection of the number of locations, total income, employment, and wages and salaries to enable State and Territory statistics to be compiled and comparisons undertaken.
12 Data contained in the tables of this publication relate to all businesses/organisations which operated in Australia at any time during the year ended 30 June 2000. Counts of businesses include only those businesses that were operating at 30 June 2000.
BUSINESSES CEASED DURING THE YEAR
13 A small number of businesses ceased business during the 1999-2000 reference period. It is normal ABS procedure to include the contributions of these businesses in the survey output.
RELIABILITY OF DATA
14 The estimates in this publication are subject to sampling and non-sampling error.
15 The estimates in this publication are based on information obtained from a sample of 1,437 businesses in the surveyed population. Consequently, the estimates in this publication are subject to sampling variability, that is, they may differ from the figures that would have been obtained if all units had been included in the survey. One measure of the likely difference is given by the standard error (SE), which indicates the extent to which an estimate might have varied by chance because only a sample of units was included.
16 There are about 2 chances in 3 that a sample estimate will differ by less than one SE from the figure that would have been obtained if a census had been conducted, and approximately 19 chances in 20 that the difference will be less than two SEs.
17 Sampling variability can be measured by the relative standard error (RSE) which is obtained by expressing the SE as a percentage of the estimate to which it refers. The RSE is a useful measure in that it provides an immediate indication of the percentage errors likely to have occurred due to sampling, and this avoids the need to refer also to the size of the estimate.
18 The following table contains estimates of RSEs for a selection of the statistics presented in this publication.
RELATIVE STANDARD ERRORS, TABLE 1.1 SUMMARY OF OPERATIONS
Copyright © Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2001
19 As an example of the above, an estimate of total income for the music and theatre production industry is $505.4 million and the RSE is 1%, giving a SE of $5.1 million. Therefore, there would be 2 chances in 3 that, if all units had been included in the survey, a figure in the range of $500.3 million to $510.5 million would have been obtained, and 19 chances in 20 (i.e. a confidence interval of 95%) that the figure would have been within the range of $495.2 million to $515.6 million.
20 Errors other than those due to sampling may occur because of deficiencies in the register of units from which the sample was selected, non-response, and imperfections in reporting by respondents. Inaccuracies of this kind are referred to as non-sampling errors and they may occur in any collection, whether it be a census or a sample. Every effort has been made to reduce non-sampling error to a minimum by careful design and testing of questionnaires, efficient operating procedures and systems, and appropriate methodology.
21 ABS publications draw extensively on information provided freely by individuals, businesses, governments and other organisations. Their continued cooperation is very much appreciated; without it, the wide range of statistics published by the ABS would not be available. Information received by the ABS is treated in strict confidence as required by the Census and Statistics Act 1905.
22 This publication is one of a series to be issued in respect of 1999-2000 for a range of cultural services industries. Other publications in this series are:
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